INDEX: -- All About Coffee, by William H. Ukers

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INDEX

Note. As this is a book about coffee, the entries in the Index refer—unless otherwise specified—to that general subject, and more particularly to Coffea arabica; other varieties are distinguished by their scientific or trade names. Thus, "Adulteration" refers to the adulteration of coffee; and "Adulterants," to the substances used for that purpose.

Abbreviations Used
bev. signifies beverage
biog. " biography
C. or c. " coffee
C. " Coffea
chk. " coffee-house keeper
d. " died
hyb. " hybrid
ill. " illustration
inv. " invention
newsp. " newspaper
pamph. " pamphlet
pat. " patent, patentee
per. " periodical
pseud. " pseudonym
q. " quoted
v. " vessel, ship

Italicized words are either scientific terms or titles of publications. Titles of books are followed by the name of the author, if known; other publications are distinguished as broadsides, newspapers, pamphlets, or periodicals.

Geographical names are distributed under various topics, such as "Acreage," "Coffee houses," "Consumption," "Cultivation," "Exports," "Imports," "Production," and the like.

A Mon Café, Ducis, 548

Abbas, wife of, 21

Abbey, Charlotte, q., 177

Abbey, Roswell, pat., 245

Abbey, Freeman & Co., 482

Abd-al-Kâdir, 14, 431

Abd-al-Kâdir ms., 31, 431, 542, 543
Description, 541

Abele, Chris, pat., 630, 638, 644, 645;
d. (1910), 641

Abeokutæ, C., 142
Java, 216

Abeokutæ × liberica, hyb., 146

Abigail, 13

Aborn, A.C., q.,
Cost card for roasters, 392

Aborn, Edward, 439, 514, 651, 701, 713, 714, 716, q., 715

Aborn, W.H., 715

About, Edmund F.V., q., 685

Abraham, 18

Abyssinian c., 353, 376, 377

Account of his Journeys, An, Olearius, q., 22

Ach (chemist), 186

Ach, F.J., 488, 509, 511, 513, q., 408

Acidity, percentages in c., 719

Acid c.'s, 397

Acids, 159, 168

Acker, Finley, pat., 472, 645, 649, 701

Acker, Merrall & Condit Co., 478, 494, 498

Ackland, James, chk., 118

Acreage
Africa, British East, 230, 285
Argentina, 236
Australia, 238, 284
Brazil (sq. miles), 277
Ceylon, 236, 283
Ecuador, 236, 278
Federated Malay States, 238, 284
Guadeloupe, 233
Guatemala, 219
Guiana, British, 279
Haiti, 220, 281
Hawaii, 241
India, 226, 227, 282
Jamaica, 232, 281
Java, 215
Leeward Islands, 282
Mauritius, 285
Nyasaland, 230, 285
Philippines, 284
Porto Rico, 223
Salvador, 219, 280
Uganda, 230, 285
Venezuela, 212
Yemen, 230

Adams, chk., 559

Adams, Abigail, q., 467, 468

Adams, Isaac, pat., 245

Adams, John, 110, 113, 593

Adams, Pygan, 609

Adams & Son, 710

Addison, Joseph, 75, 80, 84, 557, 558, 560, 572, 575, 576, 577, 578, 593

Addison, Life of, Johnson, q., 561

Adjudication (N.Y. Exch.), 334

Adulterant Act, British, 404

Adulterants, 153, 169, 170, 404

Adulteration, 404
Italy, 686
Reasons for, 170
U.S. law affecting, 410
rulings against, 337

Advertisements
Arbuckle's (1861), 496
Boston (1748), 467
Cauchois's Private Estate, 498
Coffee-house
Boston, 112
New York (1781), 119, 120
Coffee mills (1665), 617
Divination by coffee grounds, 558
First (Abd-al-Kâdir's, 1587), 431
First American-newspaper, 468
First newspaper (1657), 56, 432
Of coffee only, ill., 434
First printed (1652), q., 54, 432, 459, 461
London coffee-house, q., 582
Newspaper and periodical, 432–434
Piazza coffee room, q., 581
Song by Zecchini, 549
Turks Head coffee house, 582

Advertising, 431–465
Booklets (J.C.T.P.C.), 455
Brands, 455, 462–465
Early history, 431–434
Evolution of, 434, 435
France, 680
Government propaganda, 444–459
Injudicious, 435, 537, 438, 461
Joint coffee trade, 439, 445–459, 514, 515
Lantern slides, 443
Motion pictures, 443, 445
Package-coffee, 440–443
Retail, 443, 444
Trade, 442
Trade journalists as experts, 431
United States, 434–465

Advertising charts, 440, 441

Advice against the plague, Harvey, 58

Advisory Board, C. (see Gov't control)

Affinis, C., hyb., 146

Aga, Soliman, 33, 92

Aging
Artificial, 157, 158, 471, 474
Natural, 156, 157, 167, 342, 345, 353

Agriculture, U.S. Dept., 722

Aigentliche Beschreibung der Raisis, etc., Rauwolf, q., 12

Aiken, G., 612

Akers, Frederick, 498, 499

Alameda (brand), 441

Albanese, 185

Albertenghi, 558

Alcoholic beverages
Coffee replaces in Am. colonies, 696
Sold in London c. houses, 61, 78, 81

Alcholism, effect of c. on, 182

Aldhabani (see Gemaleddin)

Ale wives' complaint against c. houses (pamph.), 72

[Pg 770]Alexander, S.R., 485

Alexander & Baldwin, 488

Alhadrami, Muhammed, 16

Al-Haiwi (The Continent), Rhazes, 11

Alison, Archibald, 102

Alkaloids in c., 159, 160, 161

All Souls' college, Oxford, 41

Allain, F.V., 487

Allanston, q., 179

Allen, q., 159

Allen, Ida C. Bailey, q., 723

Allen, James Lane, q., 564

Allom, Thomas, 663

Alpini (Alpinus), Prospero 43, 431, 541, 543;
q., 2, 12, 26, 41

Alt und neu Wien, Bermann, q., 51

Altenberg, Peter, q., 549

Altitudes
Best, 198, 200
Bolivia, 236
Brazil, 205
Colombia, 208
Costa Rica, 225
Guatemala, 219
Hawaii, 239
Honduras, 234
Indo-China, French, 237
Jamaica, 233
Java, 216
Mexico, 222
Nicaragua, 227
Peru, 236
Salvador, 217
Venezuela, 212, 263
Yemen, 231

Alumini Etonenses, Harwood, q., 581

Amarella, C., hyb., 140

Amber (essence of) in c., 695

Ambergris in c., 709

Ambrosia Arabica, Caffè Discorso, Rambaldi, 558, q., 696

American Can Co., 472, 473

Am. Chem. Journal, q., 165

American Coffee Co., 521

American Grocer, per., 526

American Hist'l Register, q., 126

Am. Journ. Ophthalmology, q., 182

American Legion, v., 316

American Mills, 502

American Sugar Refining Co., 689

Ames, Allan P., 448

Amman & Co., C., 477

Amsinck, Gustave, 479

Amsinck & Co., G., 479, 484, 485, 534

Amurath III, 20, 664

Amurath IV, 20, 38

Analyst, per, q., 165

Anatomy of Melancholy, The, Burton, q., 543, 38

Ancilloto, Marco, 27

"——" and Other Poets, Untermeyer, q., 553

Anderson, pat., 247

Anderson, Adam, q., 72, 73, 74

Anderson, E.D., 472

Anderson, Mrs. chk., 86

Andreas, A.T., q., 106

Andrews, William Ward, pat., 627, 700

Andrews & Co., C.E., 506

Andry, Doctor, 694

Anecdotes, 565–585
Addison, Joseph, 576
Bacon, Sir Nicholas, 570
Bismarck, 565, 570
Bonaparte, Napoleon, 94, 593
Brillat-Savarin, 565
Champmeslé, 91
Cibber, Colley, 579
Compton, Bishop of London, 570
de Sévigné, Mme., 91, 565
Dryden, John, 574, 575
Fontenelle, 565
Foote, Samuel, 580, 581
Garrick, David 569, 579, 580
Goldsmith, Oliver, 573, 574
Grévy, Jules, 566
Hannes, Dr., 572
Hogarth, William, 580
Inchbald, Mrs., 576
Jeffreys, Judge, 570
Johnson, Samuel, 567, 568, 569
Kant, Immanuel, 562
Kemble, John, 581
London coffee-house, 567–585
Louis XIV and DuBarry, 566
Lowther, Sir James, 584
Macklin, Charles, 580, 581
Milton, John, 584
Napier, Robert, 700
Page, Judge, 570
Phipps, Sir William, 111
Pope, Alexander, 575, 576, 577, 578
Racine, 91
Radcliff, Dr., 572
Roach, Tiger, 579, 580
Roubiliac, 583
Saint-Foix, 566, 567
Savage, Richard, 570
Sheridan, Richard Brinsley, 581
Sloane, Sir Hans, 582
Steele, Sir Richard, 570
Swift, Jonathan, 570, 578, 579
Talleyrand, Prince, 565
Thurlow, Lord, 572
Voltaire, 178, 565
Ware (Brit. architect), 584

Anezi c., 351, 368

Angel & Co., A., 340

Angustifolia, C. hyb., 140

Ankola c., 355, 371

Annales, Liebig, q., 711

Annales Politiques et Littéraires, per., q., 175

Annals (of Phila.), q., 120

Annals on Applied Biology, q., 155

Anne, Queen, 82

Année Littéraire, q., 6

Anstead, R.D., q., 155

Anthony, Frank M., 479

Antiquarian Rambles in the Streets of London, Smith, q., 569, 570

Antiseptic, C. as an, 180, 182

Apel, Paul E, 506

Apparatus (see Machinery)

Appenzeller, John C., 503

Applegate, John, 492

Apples in c. (Russia), 686

Apreece, 581

Araba (driver), 658

Arabia, Description of, Niebuhr, q., 22

Arabian Chrestomathy, de Sacy q., 2

Arabian c. (see Mocha)

Arabian Nights, The, 31

Arabica, C. (see note, p. 769)

Arbitration (N.Y. Exch.), 333

Arbor yemensis fructum cofè ferens, etc., The, Douglas, 42, 543

Arbuckle advertising, 462–465

Arbuckle, Charles, 521, 522

Arbuckle, Christina, 524

Arbuckle, John, 440, 469, 470, 496, 523, 524;
biog., 517, 521;
d., (1912) 524;
pat., 647

Arbuckle, John (Mrs.), 523

Arbuckle Brothers, 443, 470, 480, 482, 499, 502, 522, 523
Coating coffee, 396
Plant, 524–526
Business, 521–526

Arbuckle Farm, 524

Arbuckles, The, 519

Arbuckles & Co., 507, 522, 524, 635

Arbuthnot, Dr., 81, 84, 578, 579

Arcade Manufacturing Co., 645, 653

Archives of Psychology, q., 186

Arcularius, James L., 499

Arding, Dr. Charles, 118

Arduino, Pier Teresio, pat., 651

Arias, 220

Ariosa (brand), 440, 441, 469, 470, 524
Origin of name, 522

Ariza & Lombard, 488

Arkell, Bartlett, 538

Arkell, W.J., 538

Arlington, Earl of, 582

Arliss, George, 130;
q., 556

Armstrong, Dr., 578, 580 479, 491, 518, 527;
biog. 517

Arnold, Francis B., 477, 479, 491, 518

Arnold & Co., B.G., 479, 480 491, 528

Arnold, Dorr & Co., 479, 482, 518

Arnold, Hines & Co., 482

Arnold, Mackey & Co., 477, 479

Arnold, Sturgess & Co., 479

Arnoldiana, C., 142
Java, 216

Aroma
Advertising value, retail, 423
Best grinds to preserve, 719, 720
Cause of, 163, 165
Chaff rich in, 708
Cup-testing for, 356
Preservation of, 170, 712, 717

Aroma Coffee & Spice Co., 502

Aron & Co., J., 340

Arroba (weight), 268

Art collections
Berlin museums, 46
Boston Mus. of Fine Arts, 612
Bostonian Society, 613
London
Beaufoy (Guildhall Mus.), 62, 582, 602
British Museum, 604
Guildhall Museum, 602, 603

Armstrong & Barnewall, 476

Arne, Dr., 579

Arnold, q., 136

Arnold, Benjamin Green, 469,
London
Victoria and Albert Museum, 601, 603
New York
Clearwater (Met. Mus.), 609
Halsey (Met. Mus.), 609
Metropolitan Museum
Pictures, 591
Service, artistic and historical, 599, 600, 607, 608, 612
Paris: Clunny Museum, 600
Portland: Maine Hist. Soc., 614
Potsdam museums, 46
Salem (Mass.): Essex Inst., 614
Sam Ireland's, 593
Vienna: Austrian Art Soc., 590
Washington
Peter (U.S. Nat'l Mus.), 599

Arthur, chk., 588

Arthur's, Lyons, q., 563

Aruwimensis, C., 144
Java, 216

Ashcroft, John, pat., 157
Trade mark, 470

Ashland, James, 477

Ashley, James, chk., 582

Astbury, 604, 612

Astor Library, 124

Atha, F.P., 509;
q., 422

Athenae Oxiensis à Wood, q., 41

Atlas Mills, 498

Attal (Arabian bale), 266

Atwood & Co., 509

Atwood & Holstad, 509

Aubrey, John, 557;
q., 40, 53, 56, 59, 60

Auctions
Amsterdam, 44
First (1711), 213
London, 327
Netherlands E. Indies, 312

Augagneuri, C., 147

Auger & Co., B.E., 487

Austin, Nichols & Co., 494, 499

Australian c., 355, 376

Autobiography, Haydon, q., 583

Autocrat (brand), 441

Automatic Weighing Machine Co., 470

Avicenna (Ibn Sina), 11, 17, 431;
q., 12

à Wood, Anthony, q., 41

Ayduis, 14

Ayer Bangies c., 355, 371

Ayer & Son, N.W., 448

Aymar & Co., 476


Babillard, q., 559

Bach, Johann Sebastian. 46;
q., 595–599

[Pg 771]Bache, Theophylact, 475

Bacon, Francis, 543, 557;
q., 38

Bacon, Sir Nicholas, 570

Bacon, Raymond F., q., 714

Bacon, Williamson, 480

Bacon & Co., Williamson, 480

Bacon, Stickney & Co., 508

Bacteria, Effect of c. on, 180, 181

"Bad" coffee, 22

Bagnell, 579

Bags, paper (see Containers)

Bahias (c.), 341, 343, 367

Baillon, 558

Baiz, Jacob, 485

Baiz & Wakeman, 478

Baker (chemist), q., 165

Baker, John Gulick, pat., 469, 639

Baker, Roger, 117

Baker, T.K., pat., 647

Baker, William E., pat., 649

Baker & Co., 649

Baker & Sons, Joseph, 640

Baker & Young, 485

Baker Importing Co., 539

Baker vs. Duncombe (pat. suit), 649

Baldi, q., 184

Baldwin, Captain, 538

Baldy & Co., J.B., 506

Bales, Arabian, 266, 268

Balis (c.), 355, 374

Balliol college, Oxford, 40, 41

Ballot-box, origin of, 60

Ballou & Cosgrove, 488

Baltagi, 22

Balzac, Honoré de, 102, 556;
q., 557

Balzac, Lawton, q., 557

Ban, 26, 35

Bananas and c. (bev.), 694

Banesius (see Nairon)

Bangs, John Kendrick, q., 564

Bank of New York, 120

Bank of Pennsylvania, ill., 129

Banks, H.W., 479

Banks & Co., H.W., 478, 479, 485

Baptized by Clement VIII, 26

Barbados c., 351, 362

Barbaro, Angelo Maria, 28

Barbor, inv., 637

Barclay, Florence L., q., 563

Barclay & Hasson, 508

Barker, pat., 640

Barmaids, 75

Barnardini, q., 186

Barnes, Dr., q., 176

Barnes, Sir Edward, 237

Barnicle, Michael, 482

Baro, José, 651

Barotti, L., 548

Barquisimento, v., 349

Barr, Thomas T., 482

Barr & Co., T.M., 529

Barr & Co., T.T., 477, 482

Barr, Lally & Co., 482

Barrington Hall (brand), 441

Barrington Hall Soluble (brand), 539

Barrowby, Dr., q., 580

Barth, G.W., 639

Barthez, 566

Bartlett (artist), 668

Bartow, H., 497

Baruch & Co., 488

Batavia c., 355, 373

Baudelaire, 565

Baukobensis, C., 216

Bay, Gottfried, 644

Bayne, Daniel K., 478

Bayne, L.P., 478

Bayne, Jr., William, 448, 473, 478, 535

Bayne, Sr., William, 478

Bayne & Co., William, 485

Beach & Co., J.D., 508, 509

Beaham-Moffatt Mfg. Co., 508

Bean broth, Javanese, 11

Beans as friendly tokens, 655

Beard, Eli, 496

Beard, Samuel S., 496

Beard & Co., Samuel S., 482, 496

Beard & Cummings, 482, 494, 496, 507

Beard & Howell, 496

Beard, Sons & Co., S.M., 499

Beards & Cottrell, 482, 496

Beaufoy Catalogue, Burn, q., 583

Beaumarchais, 94

Beauvarlet, J., 587

Beccaria, Cesare, 30, 558

Becker, Joseph, 482

Beckley, S.W., 507

Beckmann, Alfred H., q., 418

Bedford, Duke of, 576, 593

Beecher, C. McCulloch, 491

Beede, N.B., 508

Beekmans, The, 475

Beer, q., 182

Beer, Coffee, 710, 711

Beeson, Emmet G., q., 679

Bégon, 6

Behrens & Co., A., 482

Belcher, Jonathan, chk., 112

Belgians, King of, 672

Bell & Co., J.H., 502

Bell, Conrad & Co., 485

Bell, Conrad & Webster, 502

Belli, 549, 557

Bello (Bellus), Onorio, 31

Belna (brand), 539

Bencini, Antoni, pat., 625

Benedicenti, q., 186

Benedict & Co., 485

Benedict & Gaffney, 494, 498, 499

Benedict & Thomas, 494, 501

Bengalensis, C., 146

Bengiazlah, 17;
q., 17

Bennet, Henry, 582

Bennett, J. Hughes, q., 181

Bennett, James, 482

Bennett, William, 482

Bennett & Becker, 482, 499

Bennett & Son, William Hosmer, 478, 482

Bennett, Schenck & Earle, 499

Bennett, Sloan & Co., 498, 499

Bentley, Benton & Co., 482

Berchoux, 548

Berg, Thomson & Davis, 502

Berhard, Charles, 505

Berkeley, Bishop, 550

Bermann, M., q., 51

Bernard, Claude M.V., pat., 629

Bernard (Dean of Derry), 573, 574

Bernhardt, Sarah, 565

Bernheimer, q., 163

Bernier, 31, 543, 594;
q., 616

Berry (see Fruit)

Berry, Benjamin, 508

Berry & Sons, N., 501

Berthier, 102

Berytus (Beirut), Bishop of, q., 42

Besant, Sir Walter, q., 75, 78

Bethmont, 566

Betrand, q., 163

Better C.-making Com., 439
Recommendations, 713, 715

Better coffee-making publicity
Favored by N.C.R.A., 513

Beurre, Café avec, 683

Beverage
Buds as basis, 694
Chemical analysis, 714
Consumption in U.S., 689
Definition, U.S. Dep't of Agr., 722
Discovery (13th century), 655
Evolution of, 693
Fruit and bananas, 694
History, early, 11–23
Hull and pulp as basis, 15
Husks as basis, 26
Origin
First reliable date (1454), 16
Legendary, 11, 13, 16

Beverages Past and Present, Emerson, q., 566

Bey, Kair, 71

Bible, 12, 13

Bibliothéque Nationale, 16

Bichivili, q., 22

Bichivili manuscript, 542

Bickford, Clarence E., 487, 488

Bickford & Co., C.E., 488

Biddulph, William, q., 36, 543

Biggin, Coffee, 624
Origin of name, 699
(See also Infusion devices)

Bill & Co., Alexander H., 501

Binz, q., 182, 183

Biographic Universelle, Michauds, q., 8

Bishop, J. Leander, q., 105, 115

Bishop, Nathaniel, chk., 109

Bisland & Brown, 497

Bismarck, Prince, 565, 566

Bitter (see Flavors)

Bitter c.'s, 397

Bjorstjerne Bjornson, v., 316

Blackall, Alfred H., 501, 502

Blair, Henry, 496, 526

Blair, Henry B., 494

Blair, Sidney O., 502

Blake, Charles F., 482

Blake, Walter F., 535

Blake & Bullard, 482

Blakeman, C.R., 479

Blanc, Louis, 103

Blanchard & Bro., 501

Black bean, 329
Scale, 330

Black broth, Lacedemonian, 13, 36, 38, 40, 58

Blanco, Guzman, 529

Blaney, Henry R., q., 110

Blanke, C.F., pat., 651

Blanke Tea & Coffee Co., C.F., 502, 539

Blending, 396–400
Retail, 418–421

Blending machinery, 383, 385

Blends, 722, 723
French preferences, 680
Package coffees, 408
Restaurants, 399

Blickman, Saul, pat., 652

Bliss, Dallett & Co., 482

Blodgett, Albro, 507

Blodgett, Henry P., 507

Blodgett-Beckley Co., 507

Blohm & Co., 340

Blook & Varwig, 503

Bloom, Daniel, chk., 118

Bloom Bros., 488

Blossoms,
Bridal flowers in Antilles, 565
Chemistry of, 155

Blotting-paper filters, 708

Blount, Sir Henry, 40, 54, 543;
q., 13, 38, 56

Blue Mountain c., 350, 362

Blunt, Anne, chk., 56

Board of Experts favored, 513

Boardman, George, 508

Boardman, Howard F., 508

Boardman, Thomas J., 508

Boardman, William, 508

Boardman, William F.J., 508

Boardman & Sons, Wm., 508

Boardman & Sons Co., Wm., 508

Boaz, 13

Boconos c., 349, 350, 365

Bodanzky, Arthur, 597

Bodleian library, 53

Boekit Gompong c., 355, 372

Boengie c., 355, 374

Boerhaave, Prof., 543

Bogotas (c.), 348, 349, 363

Bohier & Weikel, 501

Boiling,
Discussed (Trigg), 720
N.C.R.A. recommendations, 721

Boindin, Abbie Alary, 554

Boinest, Walter B., 498

Bolivian c., 350, 367

Bon, 12, 26, 35, 41

Bonaparte, Napoleon, 94, 96, 100, 485;
q., 566

Bondzynski, 185

Bonifeur, Café (Guadeloupe), 257

Bonnard, 98

Bonnieri, C., 147
Caffein content, 161

Bontius, Jac., q., 2

Book, Nicholas, inv., 617

Booker, 69

Booklets, advertising, 455

Booms,
Ceylon (1845), 237
U.S. (1814), 468

Booms and Panics, 527–530

Booth, A.F., 508

Booth, Otis W., 480

Booth & Linsley, 477, 480

Boquette c., 348, 361

[Pg 772]Borino & Bro., 486

Boscul (brand), 441

Bossi, Vernetti & Bartolini, 651

Boston coffee party, 467, 468

Boston News Letter, newsp., 433

Boston tea party, 106, 110, 689

Boswell, James, 81, 89;
q., 567, 568, 583

Botanical description, 12, 26, 41, 131–138, 248, 249
Classification, 132
Species, number of, 132
Microscopic, 149–152

Botanical gardens (see Gardens)

Botanists disagree, 132

Botany of coffee, 131–148

Bottega di caffé (comedy), Goldoni, 28

Bouche, Charles J., 505

Boucher, François, 588

Boulton & Co., H.L., 340

Boulton, Bliss & Dallett, 482

Bounties,
Guadeloupe, 234
Australia (proposed), 239

Bour, J.M., 507

Bour Co., 443, 506, 507

Bourai c., 351, 368

Bourbon c., 353, 378

Bourbon, Grand, c., 352, 353

Bourbon Le Roy c., 352, 353

Bourbon rond, 352, 353

Bourbon-Santos c., 260, 341, 342, 366

Bourdon, Isid, q., 565

Bourne, H.R. Fox, q., 54

Bovee & Co., Wm. H., 506

Bowdoin, Gov. (see Chicory), 468

Bowers, B.O., 480

Bowman, chk., 53, 54

Bowman, John, pat., 637

Bown, W.J.H., 510

Bown & Bro., W.T., 507

Bowring & Co., 488

Boyd & Co., G., 501

Braas, Joseph, 507

Brancho, João Alberto C., 9

Bradford, Cornelius, chk., 119, 120

Bradford, John R. (Mrs.), 614

Bradford, Phebe C., 614

Bradford, William, chk., 127, 128, 129

Bradley, Prof. R., 42

Bradley, Richard, q., 58

Brady, Cyrus Townsend, 563

Brady, Dr., q., 177

Bramhall Deane Co., 634

Brand advertising, 455, 462–465

Brand, Carl W., 448, 507, 514

Brandenburg, Elector of, 45

Brandenstein, Edward, 506

Brandenstein, M.J., 506

Brandenstein, Manfred, 506

Brandenstein & Co., M.J., 471, 488, 506

Brands, 434, 435, 440, 441, 462, 465, 469, 470, 474, 496, 522–524, 538, 539

Brasher, Abraham, 609

Brasher, Ephraim, 609

Brass, Italico, 556

Braun Co., 472, 646

Brayley (topographer), 582

Brazil Coffee Co., 478

Brazil coffee delegation, 514

Brazil-grading, 331

Brazil Trading Co., 485

Brazils (c.), 341–345, 366

Breakfast (brand), 524

Bregolini, Ubaldo, 27

Brett, Colonel, 576

Breur, Moller & Co., 340

Brewing,
Altitude limit 9,000 feet, 715
Art of
Calkin's patent, 702
Muller's patent, 702
Below boiling point, 515, 707, 714, 717
Care in, 723
Chemistry of, 168, 718–720
Clarifying, 704, 705
Comparison of methods, 720, 721
Evolution of, 702, 704
Filtration vs. percolation, 515
Incorrect methods injurious, 179
N.C.R.A. recommendations, 717
Research, Un. of Kansas, 714
Scientific, 718–722
Thurber's method, 712

Brewing devices (1760–1855), 620–629
Acker's (1884), 645
American colonial, 709
Andrews' reversed Fr. drip (1841), 627
Best materials, 717, 721, 722
Blickman's (1916), 652
Care of, 722
Casseneuve's reversed Fr. drip, 623
Cauchois's porcelain-lined urn, 645
Cauchois's centrifugal pump, 651
Chapman's tea or coffee pot, 649
Chronology (1879–1921), 643–654
Combined making and serving pot, 616
Comparative test (1915), 714
(1917), 716
Criterion, 674
Earthenware, painted (Abyssinia), 655
First (boiler), 615, 616
First French patent (1802), 621, 699
First U.S. patent (1825), 469, 624, 625, 699
Fountain, 674
German patents (1877–85), 638
Levant (1691), 696
Le Brun's Cafetiére, 710
Manning's combined, 637
Martelley's patent (1825), 699
Moneuse's urn (1869), 639
Muller's Art of Making Coffee, 653
Napier-List machine, 700
Parker's steam-fountain, 705
Platow, 674
Rabaut's reversed Fr. drip (1822), 623
Savage's tea or coffee pot (1904), 649
Sené's, "without boiling" (1815), 623
Still's steam coffee-maker (1902), 647
Syphon (Napier), 674
Verithing (Summerling's), 674
White's urn (1908), 651
Wyatt's distillation apparatus, 699

Brewing methods,
Abyssinia, 655
American colonies, 708, 709
Arabia, 658–663, 695
Australia, 692
Austria, 671, 672
Belgium, 672
Brazil, 691
Bulgaria, 678
Canada, 686, 687
Ceylon, 670
China, 670
Cuba, 692
Denmark, 678
England (1662), 696;
(1722), 697;
(19th cent.), 704–707
Europe, 670–686
(19th century), 704–708
Finland, 678
France, 678–683
(1669), 696;
(1711–1812), 696–698;
(19th cent.), 707, 708
Buc'hoz's recipe, 708
Germany, 684, 685
Great Britain, 672–678
Greece, 685
India, 670
Italy, 686, 696
Japan, 670
Java, 670
Levant (1691), 696
Martinique, 692
Mexico, 687
Netherlands, 686
New Orleans, 689, 690
New York, 690
Hotel Ambassador, 691
Waldorf-Astoria, 690, 691
New Zealand, 692
Oriental, early, 31, 694, 695
Paris, 670
Panama, 692
Persia, 670
Philippines, 692
Portugal, 686
Scandinavia, 686
Roumania, 686
Russia, 686
Servia, 686
Spain, 686
Switzerland, 686
Turkey, 31, 665, 667, 668
U.S., 687, 691, 709–723
Jabez Burns' method, 712
Vienna, 670, 671, 672

Brewing process
Goldsworthy's (1920), 702

Brews, Composition of, 721

Brief and merry history of England, q., 77

Brief description, etc., A, pamph., ill., 70, 71

Briggs, James H., 477

Briggs & Meehan, 477

Brillat-Savarin, 565;
q., 557, 697

Brisbane, v., 316

British E. India Co., 75, 82, 106, 601

British Pharmaceut. Codex, q., 183

Broadbent, Humphrey, q., 293, 618, 697

Broadhurst, (tenor), 582

Broad-side Against C., A; or, the Marriage of the Turk, q., ill., 69, 70

Broad-sides and pamphlets, 58, 60, 61, 64, 66, 68, 69, 71, 72, 432, 433, 434

Brock, J., 503

Brokers
Abyssinia, 308, 310
Arabia, 310, 312
New York, 336, 337
(see also Dealers, wholesale)

Bronson, Jr., A.E., pat., 647

Bronson, Zenos, pat., 245

Bronson-Walton Co., 647

Brougier, pat., 167

Brown, Agnes, 526

Brown, Arthur W., 482

Brown, James, 497

Brown, Tom, q., 75, 572, 574

Brown & Jones, 497

Brown & Scott, 497, 499

Brownejohn, William, chk., 118

Browning, Charles H., q., 126

Bruce, James, q., 693

Bruckman & Co., L., 496

"Bruderherz" (Kolschitzky), 51

Bruff, Sr., Thomas, pat., 468, 621

Brûleau, Café, 106

Bruning, William H., pat., 653

Bruno, Bishop Joachim, 9

Bubonic-plague boom (1899–1901), 529

Bucararamangas (c.), 348, 364

Buck, John H., q., 607

Buckeye (brand), 470

Buc'hoz, Pierre Joseph, q., 708

Budan, Baba, 5, 225

Budenbach, T.O., 497

Budgell, 576, 578

Buds, beverage from, 694

Buffon, 98

Buitzenzorg c., 355, 373

Bukabensis, C., 146

Bulfinch, Charles, 113

Bullard & Co., C.G., 485

Bullata, C., hyb., 140

Bulson, A.E.J., q., 182

Bun, 1, 3, 12

Bun safi (cleaned beans), 266

Buna, 41

Bunca, 12, 25

Buncha, 12

Bunchum, 11, 12, 25

Bunchy, 38

[Pg 773]Bunge, Edouard, 532, 534

Bunn, 3, 12, 17, 35

Bunn, El, 662

Bunnu, 25, 38

Burbank, Luther, 161

Bureaus
Bus. research (see Harvard)
Chemistry, U.S., 144

Burke, Edmund, 81, 574

Burke, Richard, 573, 574

Burman, q., 183

Burmester, H.W., 488

Burn, J.H., q., 62

Burns, A. Lincoln, 526, 527;
q., 391, 394

Burns, George, chk., 121

Burns, Henry, 508

Burns, Jabez., 494, 496, 630;
biog., 517, 526;
d. (1888), 526, 637;
pat., 469, 634, 644, 645;
q., 634, 635, 636, 637, 712
Starts Spice Mill, per., 470

Burns, Jabez (Mrs.), 526

Burns Jr., Jabez, 526, 527

Burns, Robert, 526, 527;
pat., 647, 652

Burns, William G., 526, 527;
pat., 652, 653

Burns & Brown, 495

Burns & Sons, Inc., Jabez, 526

Burr, Aaron, 123

Burstone mills, 637

Burton, Robert, 543, 557;
q., 13, 38

Bush Terminal Stores, ill., 322

Bute, Lord, 572

Butler, Dr., q., 179

Butler, Earhart & Co., 469, 508

Butler, Crawford & Co., 508

Button, chk., 575, 578

Buying
Abyssinia, 308, 310
Arabia, 310, 312
Brazil, 303–308
Netherlands E. Indies, 312

Buying and selling green c., 303–312

Byerly, Thomas, 585

Byerley, Sir John, 585


Cabarets à caffè, 33
(See also Coffee houses)

Cabarrus, E.T., 538

Cable-break panic (1884), 528

Cadwallader, pseud., 581

Café
à la crème, 708
à la minute, 708
au lait, 691, 696
avec beurre, 683
bonifleur (Guadeloupe), 257
brûleau, 106
complet, 683
con léche, 691
de luxe (Guadeloupe), 257
en parché (Guadeloupe), 257
en pergamino (grade), 261
filtré, 675
gloria, 683
mazagran, 92, 655, 682
melangé, 671
nature, 683
sultan, 658
sultane, 694

Café, The, per., 34

Café, literary, artistic, and commercial, The, per. (French), 34

Caféier et le Café, Le, Jardin, ill., q., 2, 6, 14, 31 32, 33, 629

Cafés
Berlin
Admiral's, 684
Bauer, ill., 684
Des Westens, 684
"Groessenwahn", 684
Josty's, 684
Kranzler's, ill., 684
Victoria, 684
Hague, The
St. Joris, 686
London
Gatti's, ill., 675, 677
Kardomah (chain), 675
London Café Co., 674
Monico, ill., 675, 677
Nero, 674
Pioneer, 677
Popular, 675, 677
Ritz, 678
Trocadero, 657
Naples
Toledo, 686
New York
Fleischmann's, 690
Paris
Paix, de la, 683
Prévost, 683
Régence, de la, 683
Venice
Florian's, 686
(See also Coffee houses; Hotels; Restaurants; Taverns)

Cafés chantants (see Coffee houses)

Caffè, 3

Caffè, Il, Belli, 549

Caffè, Il (almanac, 1829), 558

Caffè, Il, per., (1764–66), 30, 558

Caffè, Il, per., (1850–52), 558

Caffè, Il, per., (1884–89), 558

Caffè Pedrocchi, Il, per., (1885), 558

Caffearine, 159

Caffein, 159, 161, 162, 166, 167, 175, 176, 179, 182, 437, 711, 718, 721
Analyses for, 172
Chaff contains, 708
Harmless in moderation, 717
Hollingworth's experiments, 187, 188
Loss in roasting, 167
Physiological action, 183–188
Robusta, C., 145
Solubility, 160

Caffein content (C. arabica), 161

Caffein-free c., ill., 142, 404
Artificial, 161, 162, 163, 721
Natural, 161, 162, 721
Varieties, 147

Caffetannic acid, 158, 159, 166, 174, 721
Analysis for, 173
Lead number, 514
Misnomer, 716, 718, 719
Physiological action, 182

Caffinets (see Coffee houses)

Caffeol, 163, 164, 719, 720
Physiological action, 183

Caffeone, 163

Cage, R.H., 505

Cage & Drew, 505

Cage, Drew & Co., Ltd., 505

Cahoa, 1, 2

Cahouah, 15

Cahove, 91

Cahua, 1, 38

Cahue, 1, 2

Cahve, 31

Cahwa, 45

Caleb, Negus, 5

Calkin, Benjamin H., pat., 652, 702

Calorific value of c., 180

Calvados, 682

Campaigning with Grant, Porter, q., 563

Campbell (chemist), q., 163

Campbell, chk., 576

Campbell, Charles, 482

Campbell's Lives of the Lord Chancellors, q., 570

Campen, Christopher, q., 12

Canadian Bank of Commerce, 488

Canby, Edward, 509

Canby, Frank L., 509

Canby, Ach & Canby, 508, 509

Candle, Sales by, 571

Canephora, C.
Botanical description, 145
Caffein content, 161
Ceylon, 236
Java, 216
Varieties, 146

Cannon & Co., F., 485

Canova, 28, 29

Cans (see Containers)

Cantatas
Bach's, q., ill., 595–599
Fuzelier's, music by Bernier, q., 594

Cantino, Cesare, 549

Caouhe, 2

Caova, 2, 26, 41

Caphe, 1, 38

Capodimonte c.-pot, 607

Capitazias, 306
(See Porthandling charges)

Capuchin, Café, 683

Caracanda Frères, 338

Caracas c., 348, 364

Caracol (grade), 261

Caracollilo (grade), 264

Caramel in c., 718

Carazo, Padre, 225

Carbohydrates, 165

Cardamom in c., 657, 696, 709

Caret, q., 555

Carey, 80, 576

Carey & Co., 480

Cargoes
Damaged, 321, 322
Record (Brazil to U.S.), 315, 316

Carhart & Bro., 482

Carit & Co., S.A., 487

Carjat, 103

Carmen Caffaeum, Massieu, q., 543–547

Carne, John, q., 668–670

Carnegie, Andrew, 521

Carpenter, Samuel, 126

Carr, Chase & Raymond, 501

Carret & Co., J.E., 340

Carruthers, 549

Carson & Co., W.K., 485

Carte, D'Oyly, 678

Carter, James, pat., 469

Carter, James W., 494;
pat., q., 629

Carter Bros. & Co., 507

Carter, Macy & Co., 480

Carter, Mann & Co., 501

Cartons (see Containers)

Casanas, Ben. C., 503, 513, 535;
q., 415

Case, Howard E., 496

Caseneuve, pat., 623, 699

Casilla (grade), 261

Castel, q., 548

Castle Bros., 488

Caswell, George W., 505, 506

Caswell Co., George W., 506

Catalog, Hudson-Fulton Celebration, q., 607, 609

Catalogue of the Rarities to be seen at Adam's, 559

Catalogue of Traders' Tokens, Burn, q., 62

Catch crops, 203

Cauchois, Frederick A., 498, 701;
pat., 472, 645, 649, 651

Cauphe, 38

Cavanaugh, Rearuck & Co., 502

Cave, 31

Caveah, 2

Cavee, 26

Cavekane, 32

Cazeneuve, q., 159

Celebes c., 355, 374

Centlivre, Susannah, q., 554

Central American coffee
San Francisco's fight for trade, 489–491

Central Americans (c.), 347, 359–361

Certified Java and Mocha (brand), 524

Ceylons (c.), 351, 352, 370

Chaa (tea), 35

Chabert, Josephine, 518

Chabraeus, 543

Chaff
Removal deprecated, 714
Rich in caffein and aroma, 708

Chain-stores, 415, 417, 418

Chamber of Commerce (New York), 119, 120

Chamberlain, George A., q., 563

Chamberlain, Orville W., pat., 652

Chamberlaine, John, q., 432

Champmeslé, 91

Champney, Elizabeth W., q., 563

[Pg 774]Chaouah, 1, 2, 35

Chaova, 41

Chapin, Harold, 556, 563

Chapman, D.J., 501

Chapman, J.W., pat., 649

Character of a coffee house, The (broadside) q., 66–68

Characteristics
Complete reference table, 358–378
Governing influences, 156
Green and roasted, 341–378
Leading growths (chart), 191

Charcoal, C. classed as, 20

Charles II, 20, 41, 59, 71, 72, 74, 82, 109, 554
Proclamation against c. houses, 73

Charlet, 593

Chase, Caleb, 501

Chase & Co., Geo. C., 499

Chase & Sanborn, 435, 470, 471, 485, 498, 501

Chase, Raymond & Ayer, 501

Chatfield-Taylor, H.C., q., 556

Chatterton, Thomas, 80, 85, 88

Chattopádhyáya Virendranath, q., 1, 2

Chaube, 2, 25, 41

Checking the roast, 387, 391

Cheek, Joel O., 509, 513, 515

Cheek-Neal Coffee Co., 443, 509

Cheek, Norton & Neal, 509

Cheetham, Jr., William H., 501

Chelsea bunhouse (London), 560

Chemical analysis
Bean, 171–173
Beverage, 714

Chemistry, 155–173
U.S. Bureau of, 338, 391, 396

Cheribon c., 355, 373

Chess in c. houses, 96, 98, 104

Chesterfield, Lord, 576

Chesterton, Gilbert K., 553

Chestnut, q., 155

Chevalier, Aug., 142

Cheyne, George, q., 59

Chiapas c., 345, 358

Chibouk, 663

Chicago Liquid Sack Co., 471

Chicago Theatre Society, 555

Chicory
Botanical description, 170
Chemical analysis, 170
Extracts of c., use in, 109
First use (Holland, 1750), 170
Introduced into U.S. (1785), 468
Microscopic exam., 152, 153
Substitute for c., 46

Chicory in coffee, 404
France, 678
Great Britain, 673
Paris and Vienna, 670, 671
Scandinavia, 686

Children, effect on, 177, 178

Childs (grocer, St. Louis), 631

China & Java Export Co., 488

Chlorogenic acid. 718, 719

Choate, Joseph H., 690

Chocolate
Discovery of, 12
Introduction into North Am., 106
Prices, London (1662), 59
Sold in London (1657), 56
Sold in London c. houses, 41, 61, 78, 80

Chocolate Cream (brand), 441

Chocolate houses (see Coffee houses)

Chocolate pots, 609

Cholera, effect on, 181

Chops
Brazil, 306
New York, 321

Chréstomathie Arabe, de Sacy q., 2, 17, 663

Christian beverage, 26

Chronology, A coffee, 725–737

Chubuck & Saunders, 508

Churchill, 579, 580

Churchill & Co., Frederick A., 502

Cibber, Colley, 579;
q., 575, 577

Cinnamon in c., 105, 696, 709

Cinnamon roast, 388

Cincinnati, Society of the, 120

Cincinnati Spice Mills, 503

Cipriani, 84, 583

City, The, q., 86

City Coffee Works, 492

City Directory, New York (1848, 1854), q., 494
(1861) q., 496

City Dock Co. (Santos, Brazil), 303

City roast, 388

Clarification, 704, 705

Clark, Ammi, pat., 625

Clark, Charles A., 506, 514

Clark & Host Co., 506

Clarke Bros. & Co., 508

Clay bowls, 616

Cleaning machinery, 246, 248, 257, 383, 385
Hungerford's patents, 644

Clearing Ass'n, N.Y. Exch., 331, 335

Clearwater, Judge, 609

Clement VIII, Pope, 26

Climate, Best for c., 198

Closset, Emile, 507

Closset, Joseph, 507

Closset & Devers, 507

Closset Bros., 507

Cloves in c., 696, 709

Clubs
Boston
First, 111
Merchants, 111
London
Court de Bone Compagnie, 60
Evolution of, 75
Hanover, 577
Literary, 583
London coffee-house
Bread Street, 60
Devil Tavern, 60
Friday Street, 60
Mermaid Tavern, 60
Rota, 59, 60, 583
Turk's Head, 81
Turk's Head Society, 583
White's, 87
New York
Coffee House, 690
South America, 690
Phila., supersede c. houses, 130

Clubs and Club Life in London, Timbs, q., 570–585

Coal roasting, 385, 386

Coarse (see Grinds)

Coated c. Rulings (U.S.) against, 337

Coatepec c., 345, 358

Coating, 166, 396
Condemned by N.C.R.A., 513
Reasons for, 170

Coatzacoalcos c., 345, 358

Coava, 36

Cobáns (c.), 347, 359

Cobbett, William, q., 561, 562

Cochrane, q., 185

Cocoa, first used in Europe, 25

Coffa, 2, 36, 38

Coffalic acid, 719

Coffao, 2

Coffe, 2

Coffee, Keable, q., 181, 182

Coffee, A short historical account of, Bradley, 42

Coffee and Repartee, Bangs, q., 564, 565

Coffee Book, The, q., 714

Coffee cantata, Bach, 46

Coffee Club (U.S.), 453

Coffee Club, The, per., q., 177

Coffee from Plantation to Cup, Thurber, q., 182, 712

Coffee Grinding and Brewing, N.C.R.A., 715

Coffee house, most beautiful, 599

Coffee house, The (comedy) Rosseau, 88

Coffee house, The new and curious, per, 45

Coffee house or newsmongers' hall, (broadside), 68, 69

Coffee-house keepers, London
Proposed newspaper monopoly, 74
Tokens, ill., 56, 62, 74, 89, 582, 602, 603

Coffee houses, 293
Advantages, 72
Algeria, 656
Arabia, 658
Augsburg, first (1713), 45
Berlin
Arnoldi, 45
City of Rome, 45
English, 45
Falck's (Jewish), 45
First (1721), 45
Miercke, 45
Royal, 45
Schmidt, 45
Widow Doebbert's, 45
Boston, 108–113
American, 108, 111
Auctions held in, 112
British, 108
Crown, ill., 108
Exchange, 112, 113
First, 108
Green Dragon, ill., 109, 110, 111
Gutteridge, 108
London, 108, 116, 467
North-End, 112
Royal Exchange, 112
Stage coaches start from, 110, 112
Washington, 110
Brazil, 691
Cairo, number (17th century), 26
Chicago
Exchange, 106
Lake Street, 106
Washington, 106
Constantinople, 663–667
Prices (1554), 19
Damascus, 668–670
First, 19
Gate of Salvation, 19
Roses, 19
Egypt, 656, 657
England
First (1650), 41, 53
Decline, 75
Ordered suppressed, 72, 73
Proclamation by Charles II, 73
Proclamation rescinded, 73
Europe, first, 27
Exeter (Devon)
Mol's, 42
France, 33, 682, 684
Germany, 683, 684
First (1675), 45
Hamburg, first (1675), 45
Italy, 27, 28
First, 27, 686
Leipzig, first (1694), 45
London, 53–89
Adam's (and museum), 559, 560
Baker's, 87
Baltic, 87
Batson's, 78
Bedford, 80, 84, 88, 576, 579, 580
Blue Hall, 575
Bowman's, 83
British, ill., 79, 86
Button's, ill., 80, 81, 83, 84, 570, 575, 576, 577, 578, 579, 593
Caledonien, ill., 84, 593
Chapter, 78, 80, 88, 582
Child's, 78, 88, 560, 582
Cocoa-Tree, 78, 79, 87, 560
Decline of, 61, 62, 81, 82, 674, 675
Dick's, ill., 87, 88, 555, 572
Dish of Coffee Boy, ill., 603
Don Saltero's, ill., 80, 86, 88, 558
Museum, 559
Edinburgh Castle, 75
Farr's, 54
Fire of 1666, 61, 62
First (1652), 42, 53, 54, 293
Folly (house-boat), 89
Garraway's (or Garway's) ill., 56, 77, 80, 83, 561, 570, 571, 572
[Pg 775]Gaunt's, 588
George's, 584, 585
Giles's, 560
Grecian, ill., 61, 77, 80, 85, 560, 584
Groom's, 572
Hamlin's, 78
Jacob's, 42
Jamaica, 83
Jenny Man's, 560
Jerusalem, 88
Joe's, 571
Jonathan's, 88, 554, 560, 572
Little Man's, 79, 88
Lloyd's, ill., 75, 80, 85, 572
London 88, 582
Man's, 61, 88
Miles's, 583
Nando's, 80, 88, 572, 585
New England and North and South American, 88
New Lloyd's, 86
New Man's, 88
New Slaughter's, 84
News centers, use as, 77
North's, 78
Number (1715), 74
Old Man's, 77, 79, 88
Old Slaughter's, 84
"On the Pavement", 583
Rosée's, 42
Peele's, 80, 88, 585
"Penny universities", 3
Percy, 89, 585
Piazza, 80, 89, 581
Piazza coffee room, 580, 581
Rainbow, 62, 77, 89, 572
Read's, 74
Red Cow, 83, 574
Robins's, 63
Robinson's, 570
Rochford's, Mrs., 79
Rose, 84, 574
Royal Swan (and museum), 559
Second, 54
Shakespeare, 84
Slaughter's, ill., 80, 84, 85, 580, 583, 584, 593
Smyrna, 79, 80, 89, 573
Squire's, 86
St. James's, 75, 78, 79, 80, 88, 558, 560, 562, 573, 574, 588
Stone's, 675
Thomas's, 84
Tiltyard, 78
Tom King's, 89, 581
Tom's, ill., 80, 85, 575, 576, 579, 580, 593
Turk's Head, 56, 59, 80, 81, 89, 582, 583
Turk's Head, Canada and Bath, 583
Virginia, 83
Welch (Daniels), 78
White's, ill., 79, 87, 558, 587, 588
Burned (1733), 587
Widow Hambledon's, 575
Williams's, 78
Will's, 77, 79, 80, 83, 558, 560, 574, 575, 588
Young Man's, 78, 79, 88
Marseilles, first (1671), 32
Mecca
Opposition, 17
Relicensed, 18
Milan
Demetrio, 30
Netherlands, 44, 686
New England, 107–113
New Orleans, 106
New York, 115–124
Auctions held at, 118
Bank, 121, 124
Burns, ill., 117, 121
City, 119
Civic forums, use as, 115, 117, 118, 120
Directory, use as, 120
Double R., 690
Exchange, 118, 119
Exchange coffee room, 120
Exchanges, use as, 117, 118, 119, 120, 123
First (1696), 116
Decline, 123
Gentlemen's Exchange, 118
Keen and Lightfoot's, 120
King's Arms, ill., 116, 117, 118, 121, 467
Merchants, ill., 115, 118, 119, 122, 123, 593
Birthplace of Union (1774), 474
Congress of Deputies Suggested, 120
Memorial tablet (1914), 473, 474
Organizations meeting therein, 120
New, 117,118
New England and Quebec, 121
New York, 120
Pequot, 611
Social centers, use as, 115
Tontine, ill., 120, 121, 123, 593
Whitehall, 121
Nuremburg, first (1696), 45
Oxford
Jacob's, 41, 53
Jobson's, 41
Tillyard's, 41
Padua: Pedroechi, ill., 29, 30, 599
Paris, 91–104
Alcazar d'Hiver, 98
Anglais, 103
Bonnard's, 98
Beauvilliers', 102
Chartres, 102
Chat Noir, 104
Concert du XIX Siécle, 98
Concert Européen, 98
Des Mille Collonnes, ill., 99
Development of, 94, 96
Durand, 104
Dutch, 103
Eldorado, 98
English, 103
Février's, 102
First (1672), 291, 670
Folles Bobino, 98
Foy, ill., 97, 100
Gaieté, 98
Grand Commun, 102
Gregory's, 93
Guerbois, 104
Laurent, 103, 554
Lefévre's, 96
Le Gantois's, 93
Littéraire, 103
Madrid, 103
Magny's, 94, 96, 102
Maire's, 103
Maison Dorée, 103
Makara's, 93
Maliban's, 93
Mapinot, 102
Massé's, 102
Méot's, 102
Momus, 100
Number of, 93
(1843), 94
Paix, de la, 103
Pascal's (Fair of St. Germain), 33, 92
Paris, ill., 101, 103
Procope, ill., 94, 95, 98, 566
Rambuteau, 98
Régence, 96, 98
Riche, 103, 104
Rocher de Cancale, 104
Rotonde, 100, 102
Royal Drummer, ill., 94
Stephen's, 93
Terre's, 103
Tortoni, 103
Tour d'Argent, 94
Trois Frères Provençaux, 102
Vachette, 102
Venua's, 102
Véry, 102
Voisin, 103
Persia, 21
Philadelphia, 125–130
Decline of, 130
Exchange (proposed), 130
Scene from Hamilton, ill., 556
Exchanges, use as, 128
First (1700), 126
James, 127
London, ill., 125, 126
Slave auctions, ill., 128
Sunday closing, 129
Swearing, gaming, etc., prohibited, 128
London (2nd), ill., 127
Merchants, 125, 129, 130
Roberts', 127
Social centers, use as, 125, 130
Ye coffee house, 125, 126, 467
Post-office, use as, 126
Portugal, 686
Regensburg: first (1689), 45
Santo Domingo, first (1738), 34
Spain, 686
St. Louis: Leonhard's, 105
Stuttgart: first (1712), 45
Turkey, 32, 663–670
Closed, 20
Reopened, 21
United States (1700), 708
Venice,
Abbondanza, 28
Angelo Custode, 28
Arabo-Piastrelle, 28
Arco Celeste, 28
Aurora Plante d'oro, 28
Buon genio-Doge, 28
Coraggio-Speranza, 28
Dame Venete, 28
Ducca di Toscana, 28
Florian, ill., 27, 28, 29, 555
Fontane di Diana, 28
Imperatore Imperatrice della Russia, 28
Menegazzo, 28
Orfeo, 28
Pace, 28
Pitt. l'eroe, 28
Ponte dell' Angelo, 27
Quadri, 28
Redentore, 28
Re di Francia, 28
Regina d'Ungheria, 28
Spaderia, 27
Tamerlano, 28
Venezia trionfante, 28
Vienna, 671, 672
Blue Bottle, 50, 590
First, 51, 590
Kolschitzky's, 50
Mosee's, Franz, 51
Number of (1839), 52
Sacher, 50
Schrangl, 671

Coffee houses vindicated, pamph., q., 71, 72

Coffee, Its History, Cultivation and Uses, Hewitt, 480

Coffee kings
First (Germany), 47
(U.S.), 517
Last (U.S.), 518

Coffee-makers' guild of Vienna, 51

Coffee man's granado, The (Broad-side), 66

Coffee palaces (see Coffee-houses)

Coffee Pep (brand), 539

Coffee pots (see Service)

Coffee Roaster & Mill Mfg. Co., 497

Coffee Roasters Traffic and Pure Food Association, 473

Coffee rooms (Norway), 686

Coffee scuffle, The (broadside), q., 64

Coffee shops (houses), London, 674

Coffee-smellers (Germany), 47

Coffee, tea, and chocolate, Concerning the use of, Dufour, 34

Coffee, tea, and chocolate, The manner of making, Dufour, 34

Coffee tree, Kentucky, 564

Coffee water (rosa-folis), 695

Coffey, 41

Coffi, 2

Cognac in c., 106, 686

Cogollo & Co., 34

[Pg 776]Coho, 1, 2, 38

Cohoo, 2

Cohove, 91

Cohu, 2

Coit & Son, Henry, 476

Coke roasting, 385, 386

Colaux & Cie, pat., 625

Cole & Son, Stephen, 476

Coles Manufacturing Co., 472, 646

Colet M.H., q., 594

Colgate, Charles C., 492

Colgate, Samuel, 492

Collection of Voyages and Travels, A, q. 23

Collins, William, 580

Coloring substances, 170

Colombians (c.), 348–350, 363, 364

Colpani, 558

Columbia University, 186

Columbian Centinel, newsp., q., 434

Columnaris, C., hyb., 140

Comité Français du Café, 445

Commaille, q., 165

Commercial Ass'n, Santos, 314

Commercial coffee chart, 191

Commercial Coffee Co., 478

Commercial Organic Analysis, q., 159

Commissario, 303, 304, 305, 306, 312, 491

Commissions
New York, 334, 336
Santos, 304

Committee of Correspondence, 120, 474

Committee of One Hundred (1774), 120

Commonwealth and c., 54, 59

Competition, retail, 426

Complet, Café, 683

Compton (Bishop of London), 570

Condorcet, 94

Confectionery, C., 695

Confessions, Rousseau, 102

Congensis, C., 147

Congensis var. Chalotii, 147

Congensis × Ugandæ, hyb., 146

Congo, Belgian, c., 353, 377

Congo coffee, caffein content, 161

Congress of Deputies, 120

Conkling & Lloyd, 476

Con léche, Café, 691

Connoisseur (London), per., q., 579

Conopios, Nathaniel, 40, 41, 43

Conquest of Granada, Dryden's (censured by Rota), 60

Conrad & Co., J.H., 502

Consolidated Coffee Co., 508

Consortium of 1868, 476

Constantine, George, chk., 61, 84, 584
(See Jennings, George)

Constantinople, Illustrated, Walsh, q., 663, 664

Constantinople in 1657, Relation of a Journey to, Rolamb, q., 23

Constantinople, Old and New, Dwight, q., 664–667

Constituents of c., Valuable, 693

Constitutional Antiquities of Sparta and Athens, Gilbert, q., 40

Consumo (grade), 261

Consumption, 285–302
Argentina, 279, 286, 287, 291
Australia, 286, 287, 291
Balkan States, 290
Belgium, 285, 287
Canada, 286, 287
Chile, 286, 287, 291
Colombia, 278
Cuba, 286, 287, 291
Denmark, 287, 290
Europe (19th Century), 295, 296
Federated Malay States, 284
France, 285, 287, 290
Average annual, 678
Germany, 285, 287, 290
Great Britain, 285, 287
Guiana, French, 279
Italy, 285, 287, 290
Mexico, 280
Netherlands, 285, 287, 290
New Zealand, 285, 287, 291
Norway, 287, 290
Peru, 278
Portugal (1919), 290
Russia, 285, 287, 291
Salvador, 280
San Francisco, 487
Scandinavia, 285, 290
Spain, 285, 287, 290
Sweden, 287, 290
Switzerland, 285, 287, 290, 291
Table of World, 287
Tea and c. comparisons, 288, 289
Union of South Africa, 286, 287, 291
United States, 106, 285, 287, 288, 293, 294
Popularity explained, 106
Prohibition; effect on, 689
World-war; effect on, 297
Venezuela, 278

Consumption per capita
Foreign countries, 288–290
Groix, Island of, 176
Tables, 288
United States, 298, 299, 476
Methods of computing, 302

Containers, 402–404, 408–412, 470, 471
First paper and tin-end, 471
First strawboard (1881), 471
Leather bags, greased (1710), 620
Pots of various sizes (1790), 491, 492
Standardizing, 410
Vacuum, 471

Conti, Prince de, 590

Contracts, 329, 331
Cost-and-freight, 513, 515
In-store, 331
N.Y. Exchange, 333–335
To arrive, 335

Controversies
England, 64–74
Commercial, U.S., 438
Medical, Eng., 58, 59
Political, Eng. (1666–72), 72, 73, 76
(See also Opposition; Coffee houses)

Conway, Charles, 499

Cooling, 381, 636, 641

Cooling machinery, 394, 395

Cooling machines
Burns's flexible-arm, 652, 653
Emmerich automatic (1897), 639
German patents (1877–85), 638
Grohens's rotary, 646

Cook, O.F., q., 202, 223

Cooper, Charles, q., 675

Cooper, Cornelius, 492

Cooper, L.S., 495

Cooper & Co., Nathaniel, 476

Coorg c., 351, 379

Copha, 1, 2, 38

Cophie, 56, 58

Cophy, 56

Coppée, François, 565

Cordoba c., 347, 358

Corinchies c., 355, 371

Corner in Coffee, The, Brady, 563

Corners
Arnold's (1869–1881), 517, 518
Blanco's (1895), 529
Kaltenbach's (1891–92), 476, 529
United States (1901), 530

Corn-poppers for roasting, 635

Correa & Sons, F.A., 338

Corbett, Barney, 503

Corbett & Heekin, 503

Corbin, May & Co., 485

Corinna (Mrs. E. Thomas), 575

Cornell & Smith, 508

Cost card for roasters, 392

Cost analysis, 407, 408
Retail, 418

Cost and freight brokers, 336, 337

Cost and profits, retail, 426, 427
Chart 428

Costa Ricas (c.), 348, 361

Coste, Felix, 448, 457, 514

Cotovicus, 32, 696;
q., 20

Cottraux, E.P., 505

Cottrell, 496

Couha, 2

Couguet, Dr. A., q., 26

Coventry, Sir William, q., 72

Cowha, 2

Cowha, 2

Cowper, William, 88, 557;
q., 550, 572

Cradle of Am. liberty, 293

Cramer. P.J.S., q., 133, 138, 140, 142, 144, 146, 147, 345

Crampton, G.E., 501

Crawford, Thomas A., 505

Crawley, Edwin, pat., 642

Cream in c., 399, 698

Crébilon, 94

Credit policy, retail, 428, 429

Creighton, Clarence, 477

Creighton & Ashland, 477

Creighton, Morrison & Meehan, 477

Creme, Café à la, 708

Crepaux, 708

Cripps, q., 602

Crispe, Sir Nicholas, 54

Crocker, Nathaniel, 508

Cromwell, Henry, 575

Cromwell, Oliver, 72

Crooks & Co., Robert, 485

Crooks & Co., Samuel, 501

Cross & Co., C.A., 642

Crossman, George W., 482, 518, 519

Crossman, W.H., 482, 518, 519

Crossmnn & Bro., W.H., 482, 484, 518, 530

Crossman & Sielcken, 482, 519, 521

Crossman-Sielcken contract, 519

Crouse & Co., Jacob, 508

Cruger, Henry, 475

Cruger, John, 475

Crusade (brand), 435

Cubans (c.), 351, 361

Cucuras (c.), 348, 349, 364

Cuchaletto (chocolate), 107
Sold in Boston (1670), 107

Culapius, S., pseud., q., 181

Culbreth, q., 181

Cultivation, 197–243
Crop maturity, 138
Early, 197
Spread of, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
(see also Propagation)

Cultivation (geographical)
Abyssinia, 1
Africa, British Central, 9
Africa, British East, 9
Amazonas (began 1752), 9
Angola, 229
Arabia, 2, 5, 230, 231
Began (A.D. 575), 5, 230
Argentina, 236
Australia, 9, 238, 239
Bolivia, 236
Bourbon (Réunion), 9
Brazil, 9, 74, 75, 204–208, 275
Profits (1900), 205
California, Southern, 9
Celebes (began 1750), 9, 217, 283
Ceylon, 236, 237
Begun by Arabs (before 1505), 6, 43
Begun by Dutch (1658), 6, 43
Systematic (1690), 282
Colombia, 208–212
Costa Rica, 9, 135, 225, 280
Cuba, 9, 231, 232
Dominican Republic, 232
Ecuador, 230
Federated Malay States, 238
Fiji Islands, 243
France, 6
Guadeloupe, 233, 234
Guam, 242, 243
Guatemala, 9, 135, 219, 220
Guiana, British, 235, 236, 279
Guiana, Dutch, 235, 236, 279
Guiana, French, 235, 236
Haiti, 9, 220
Hawaii, 9, 239, 241
Honduras, 234
Honduras, British, 234, 235
Indo-China, French, 9, 237
India, 5, 9, 225–227, 282
Jamaica, 9, 74, 233
Java, 9, 43, 74, 213, 293
[Pg 777]Liberia, 230
Martinique, 6, 7, 8, 9, 233
Mexico, 9, 220, 221, 222, 280
U.S. interest, 221
Netherlands, 5, 6
Netherlands E. Indies, 6, 213–217, 283
New Caledonia, 243
Nicaragua, 227
Panama, 235
Pará, 9
Paraguay, 236
Peru, 236
Philippines, 9, 241, 242
Porto Rico, 9, 222, 223, 225
Queensland, 9
Rio de Janeiro, 9
Salvador, 217, 219, 279
Santo Domingo, 9
São Paulo, 205–208
South America (first), 279
Straits Settlements, 238
Sumatra, 216, 217, 283
Tahiti, 243
Tobago, 234
Tonkin, 9
Trinidad, 234
Uganda, 230
United States, 9
Venezuela, 9, 212, 213, 277
West Indies, 9
Western Hemisphere (first), 294

Cultured (brand), 474

Culver & Geiger, 509

Cumberland, q., 573, 574

Cummings, W.A., 496

Cunningham, 583

Cup of c., or c. in its colours, A (broadside), q., 64

Cup-testing, 356, 357
San Francisco, 487, 488

Curaçoa c., 351, 363

Cure-all, 58

Cure for drunkenness, 58, 61

Curiosities of Literature, D'Israeli, q., 41

Curtis & Burnham, 508

Curtis Publishing Co., 441

Cushing, q., 179

Customs and Fashions in Old New England, Earle, q., 709

Custom-house procedure, New York, 319

Cutler, Benjamin, 492

Cuyler, Philip, 475

C.W. (brand), 441

Cyrill, Patriarch, 40, 41


da Ponte, Lorenzo, 28

Dagoty, 589, 590

Dahlman, Henry, 506

Dahlman, John, 506

Daily Post (Lond.), newsp., q., 588

Dakin, Elizabeth, pat., 633

Dakin, William, pat., 633

Dakin & Co., 633

Dakotan, v., 316

D'Alembert, q., 3

Dally, Gifford, 128

Dana, John Cotton, q., 712

Dancourt, q., 554

Daney, Sidney, q., 8

Daniel, chk., 78

Dannemiller, A.J., q., 409
Coffee-selling chart, 409

Dannemillers & Co., 484

Danton, George Jaques, 94, 98

Danvers' Letters, q., 2

d'Argenson, De Voyer, 594

Dark roast, 356, 387

Darouf (Arabian bale), 266

d'Arvieux, Chevalier, q., 2

Dash, Bowie, 479, 497, 527

Dash, J. Bowie, 497

Dash & Co., Bowie, 469, 477, 528

Dater, Henry, 482

Dater, Philip, 482

Dater & Co., Philip, 482

Dauchet, 554

Daudet, Alphonse, 103

Daughty, Charles, M., q., 661–663

Daugleish, Dr., 677

Dauphine of France, 600

Davenant, Sir William, 80, 576

Davenport & Morris, 485

David, 13

Davies, Tom, 567, 568

Davies & Co., John L., 502

Davies & Co., Ltd., Theo. H., 488

Davis, S.L., 499

Davis & Co., Noah, 501

Dawson, August T., q., 711, 712

Dayton & Co., 480

Dayton Spice Mills, 443

Dayton Spice Mills Co., 508

De Belloy, Jean Baptiste, inv., 94, 621, 622, 697, 698

de Boze, q., 543

de Bussy, Th. Roland, q., 656

de Chirac, 6

de Clieu, Mathieu Gabriel, 6, 7, 8, 233, 550
Memorial to, 9
Verses about, 8
Voyage to Martinique, 6, 7

De Constantinople à Bombay, Lettres, Della Valle, q., 12

de Coverley, Sir Roger, 86

De Fremery & Co., 488

de Goncourt, Jules, 102, 103

de Gourcuff, O., 557

de Jour, Rouillé, 8

de Jussieu, Antoine, 6

De la Café, de Gourcuff, 557

de la Motte, Houdard, 554

De Lancey house, New York, 121

de Lannay, Count, 47

de Laval, Pyrard, q., 2

de l'Écluse, Charles, 31

De Lessert & Co., J.S., 476

De Lima, D.A., 482

De Lima, D.A. & J., 482

De Lima & Co., D.A., 482

De Luxe, Café (Guadeloupe), 257

de Mattei, Natale, pat., 653

De Mattia, pat., 166

De Mattia Bros., 686

de Maupassant, Guy, 565

de Mere, Mlle., 91

de Monteith, Fulbert, q., 22

de Musset, Alfred, 98, 102, 565;
q., 103

de Noailles, Duke, 567

de Nointel, 542

De Quincey, Thomas, q., 562

de Pompadour, ill., 588, 600

de Rabutin-Chantal, Marie, 91

de Sacy, Baron Antoine Isaac Silvestre, 17;
q., 2, 663

De Saluberrimá Cahue seu Café, etc., Nairon, 16

de Santais, Edward Loysel, pat., 629

De Sarlo, q., 186

de Saxe, Marie-Josephe, 600

de Sévigné, Madame, 91, 565

de Thévenot, Jean, 31, 91

de Tournemine, 591

de Wildman, M.E., q., 132

Dealers, Wholesale
New Orleans, 486, 487
New York, 475–482

Dearman, Richard, pat., 621

Decaffeinated (see Caffein-free)

Declaration of Independence, 111

Decoction defined, 698

Decreuse, 589

Deep Sea Hotel (Arbuckle's), 524

Deer Co., A.J., 443, 472, 473, 643, 646

Defendorf, George, 492

Deffes, 594

Defoe, Daniel, 80;
q., 78, 79

Dehio, 186

del Castillo & Co., Rafael, 340

Delafield, Henry, 476

Delafield, William, 476

Delille, Jacques, q., 547

Dell, John C., pat., 644

Della Valle, Pierre (Pietro), 543;
q., 2, 12, 27

Delphine, Sr., pat., 639

Demidoff, Prince, 103

Democracy, Coffee and, 20, 21, 54, 72, 75, 293
Am. colonies, 107
Boston, 111
England, 59
France, 100
Italy, 28

Demonstrations, etc., Store, 425

Dennis, 575

Denobe, pat., 621

Deodorant, 58, 180

Department stores, 415

Des Arts & Henser, 476

Des Dames du Temps Jadis, Villon, q., 135

Descamps, 591

Desmoulins, Camille, 94, 100

Desserts, recipes, 723, 724

Destrée, q., 186

Desvignes, pat., 157

Detroit Testing Laboratories, 715

Developing point, 389

Deverall, R.R. & A. 501

Devers, A.H., 507

Dewevrei, C., 142
Java, 214

Diarrhea, effect of c. on, 181

Diary, Jourdain, q., 1

Diary and Correspondence, Evelyn, q., 40

Dickinson, Gilchrist, 476

Dictionary, d'Alembert, q., 3

Dictionary, d'Arvieux, q., 2

Dictionary of Applied Chemistry, q., 164

Dictionary, New English, Murray, q., 1

Dictionary, Universal, q., 176

Diderot, Denis, 94;
q., 96, 98

Dieckmann & Co., 488

Diefenthaler, Charles E., 497

Diefenthaler, T.F., 497

Dietl, 186

Dietz, F.C., 508

Digestion, effect of c. on, 175, 177, 178–180

Diligence (infusion device), 620

Dilworth & Co., J.S., 507

Dilworth Bros., 435, 507

Dimond & Gardes, 482

Dimond & Lally, 480, 482

Direct-flame roasting, 386, 641

Discovery of c. (see Origin)

Diseases and pests, 147, 148, 152, 203, 204
C.-berry beetle, 203
C.-leaf miner, 147, 203
Eel-worm disease, 204
Fungoid, 147, 148, 203
Hemileia vastatrix, 148, 152, 203
Insects, 203
Leaf blight
Ceylon 203, 236, 237, 282, 283
Dominican Rep., 281
Hawaii (1855), 241
India, 226
Philippines (1889), 242
Pellicularia tokeroga, 148
Root disease, 148, 204
Sphaerostilbe flavida, 204
Spot of leaf and fruit, 148

D'Israeli, I., 557;
q., 41, 53, 72, 91

Distillation devices
Napier-List (1891), 639
Napierian (1870), 639
Napier's vacuum (1840), 637
Wyatt's patent (1802), 621

Ditson, Thomas, pat., 245

Dittman, Charles, 486

Dittman, Jr., Charles, 487

Dittman Co., Chas., 486, 487

Divination by coffee grounds, 558

Divorce, C. and, 22

Doane & Co., J.W., 482, 484, 485

Dolton & Co., Wm., 508

Domestick Coffee Man, Broadbent, q., 293, 697

Dominguez, Andres, 221

Donaldson, 578

Donovan, Prof., q., 704

Donmartin, inv., 620, 697

Donns, q., 8

Doolittle, q., 167

Doran, John, q., 705

Dorn, R.H., 505

Dorr, S.H., 535

Dorsay, Benjamin, 468

Dorset, Earl of, 584

Double roasting, 387

[Pg 778]Douglas, James (Bishop of Salisbury), 42, 543, 574

Downer, Samuel A., 502

Downer & Co., 501, 502

Downtown Association, New York, 517

Drake, Samuel Gardner, q., 108, 116

Drake & Co., W.D., 507

Dramatic Literature, C. in, 554–556

Draper & Co., John H., 482

Dressing machinery, 245

Drew, J.C., 505

Drink (see Beverage)

Drinksum (brand), 524

Droste, H.R., 503

Drouais, François Hubert, 589, 599

Drug stores, C. sold in, 415

Drums (see Containers)

Drupes (see also Botany; Fruit), 136

Dry method, 136, 249, 251

Dry roast, 389, 391

Dryden, John, 60, 77, 78, 80, 84, 574, 575, 583, 584

Drying, 251

Drying grounds, 251, 254

Drying machinery, 254, 255

Du Barry, Madame, ill., 92, 563, 566, 588

Du Belloy, Archbishop, 697

Du Mont, 543

Du Tour, q., 707, 708

Dubard, Prof., q., 147

Dublin Philosophical Journal, per., q., 704

Ducis, 548

Duehring, Carl H., pat., 642

Dufour, Philippe Sylvestre, 34, 432, 543, 557;
q. 2, 11, 13, 74, 98

Dugdale, E., 470

Dumant, Pierre Étienne Louis, q., 13

Duncan, James, q., 59

Duncombe Mfg. Co., F.A., 649

Dunham, Charles A., 508

Dunks, John, 118

Duparquet, L., pat., 469, 639

Duparquet, Huot & Moneuse Co., 639, 644

Durand, Calvin, 502

Durand, H.C., 502

Durand, H.C. & C., 502

Durand & Co., 502

Durand & Kasper, 502

Durand & Kasper Co., 485

Durant, Nicholas Felix, pat., 625, 634, 699

Durieux, Elizabeth, 178

Duryee, P.S., q., 420

Dutch (see Netherlands)

Dutch New York, Singleton, q., 105, 115, 125, 709

Duties, Export
Angola, 268
São Paulo, 315

Duties, Import
Abyssinia, 310
Belgium, removed (1904), 296
England (1692, 1732), 74
United States, 296, 468
Porto Rico requests, 472
(See also Chronology)

Dwight, H.G., q., 664–667

Dwinell, James F., 501

Dwinell & Co., 501

Dwinell, Hayward & Co., 501

Dwinell, Wright & Co., 485, 501

Dwinell-Wright Co., 501, 629

Dybowski, C., 144
Java, 216

Dybowski × excelsa, hyb., 146

Dyer & Co., 501

Dykes & Wilson, 480

Dymond & Gardes, 486


Eagle Coffee and Spice Mills, 503

Eagle Spice Co., 507

Eagle Spice Mills, 503

Eames, Wilberforce, 474

Earle, Alice Morse, q., 709

Early History of Coffee Houses in England, The, Robinson, q., 11

East Indies (c.), 350, 370–374

Eating coffee, 180, 615, 655, 693, 694

Eccles, William, 475

Eckert, q., 164

Eckhardt, pat., 167

Ecuadors (c.), 350, 367

Eddy & Co., L.B., 508

Eder, q., 179

Edmond, 102

Edtbauer, P.E. (Mrs. E.), pat., 472

Educational exhibits, 715

Edwards, Daniel, 53, 54, 459

Edwards, Hugh, 482

Edwards, J.M., 479

Edwards & Co., J.M., 479

Edwards & Maddux, 479

Edwards & Raworth, 482

Edwards, Townsend & Co., 507

Ekelund Charles, 509

Electric motors, 471, 646

Electric roasting, 386

Electric Scale Co., 471

Electric signs, 443

Elephant (grade), 258

Elers, 604, 612

Elford, chk., 83

Elford, inv., 616, 617

Elford the younger, q., 61

"Elixir of life", 174

Elkington & Co. Ltd., 637, 639, 699

Elliott, chk., 573

Ellis, Douglas, 557

Ellis, H.D., q., 602, 603, 604

Ellis Bros., 485

Elmenhorst & Co., 482

Ely & Co., D.J., 480

Ely & Co., D.J. & Z.S., 480

Emerson, E., 501

Emerson, Edward R., q., 566

Emmerich Machine Factory and Iron Foundry, pat., 638, 639

Emo, Angelo, 27

En pergamino (grade), 261

Encyclopedia, Diderot, 98

Encyclopedia Britannica, q., 11, 200, 657

Encyclopedia der Therapie, q., 185

Encyclopedia of Domestic Economy, q., 704

Encyclopedia of Practical Cookery, q., 710

Engelberg, Evaristo C., pat., 247

Engelberg, Huller Co., 247, 471

Engelhard, Albert, 505

Engelhard, Jr., Albert, 505

Engelhard, George, 505

Engelhard, R.W., 505

Engelhard, Victor H., 505

Engelhard, Jr., Victor H., 505

Engelhard & Sons, Inc., A., 505

English, Dr., q., 180

English c.-pots (1714–70), 620, 621

English Factories in India, Foster, q., 2

Ennis, Frank, 515

Ensaccador, 304

Enterprise Coffee Co., 485, 508

Enterprise Mfg. Co. of Pa., 469, 471, 639, 646

Eoff, Garrett, 612

Epicure, per., 675

Eppens, Frederick P., 482

Eppens, William H., 482

Eppens, Smith & Co., 482

Eppens, Smith & Wiemann, 482

Eppens Smith & Wiemann Co., 485, 496, 499

Eppens Smith Co., 494, 496, 499

Eppens-Smith Co., 496, 499

Erdmann, q., 163, 183

Erecta, C., hyb., 140

Esau, 13

Escoffier (chef), 678

Escott, q., 87

Esménard, 548;
q., 8

Esperanza Coffee Co., 497

Essential oil, 163, 164

Essmueller Mill Furnish'g Co., 649

Estienne, Jacques, 548

Estrado & Co., Pedro, 340

Établissements Lauzaune (see Lauzaune)

Etherege, Sir George, 569, 570

Ethridge, Tuller & Co., 508

Etiquette
Arabia, 658–663
Paris (17th century), 91
Turkey, 664–670
(See also Manners and Customs)

Etruscan Coffee Pot Co., 645

Etymology, 1, 2, 3, 27

"European fiasco" (1888), 529

Evans, pat., 158

Evans, David G., 503

Evans, Gwynne, 503

Evans, Richard, pat., 624

Evans & Co., David G., 502, 503

Evans & Walker, 508, 635

Evelyn, John, q., 2, 40

Evening World, New York, q., 553, 554

Ewé, 160

Ewell, q., 165

Ex-sailing ships, 316

Excellent Qualities of Coffee and the Art of Making It, The, Rumford, 621, 622

Excelsa, C., 142
French Indo-China, 237
Java, 217

Excelsa × liberica, hyb., 146

Excelsior Mills, 501, 502

Excelso (grade), 261

Excessive use, effect of, 179

Exchange, Foreign, 336

Exchanges, Coffee, 329–337
Amsterdam, 296, 491
Antwerp, 296, 491
Baltimore, 491
Hamburg, 296, 329, 491
Havre, 296, 329, 491
London, 296, 491
New York, 329–337, 471, 491
Change of name, 474
Clearing Ass'n, 331, 335
Contract, 321
Functions, 331–338
Incorporated (1881), 471
Initiation fee, 332
Membership, 333
Organized (1881), 528
Reincorporated (1885), 471
Rio gradings, 343
Robusta dealings prohibited, 341
Seats, Sales of, 332, 333
War-time suspension, 534–537
New Orleans, 491
Rotterdam, 296, 491
Royal (New York, 1752), 120
San Francisco, 491
Santos, 306, 308, 491
Trieste, 296, 491

Excursions through Asia-Minor, Fellows, q., 667, 668

Experimental gardens (see Gardens)

Exports, 276, 277
Abyssinia, 228, 229, 276, 284, 285
Aden (1921), 276
Africa, British East, 276, 285
Arabia, 282
Borneo, Brit. North, 276, 284
Brazil, 190, 275-277, 295
First (1770), 204
Largest (1906–07), 275
Central America, first to U.S., 469
Ceylon (1741–1900), 283
First (1721), 236
Largest (1873), 237
Colombia, 192, 276, 278
Costa Rica, 193, 276, 280
Cuba, 233, 282
Dominican Republic, 194, 233, 276, 281
Ecuador, 276, 278
Federated Malay States, 284
France (1921), 290
Germany (1920), 290
Gold Coast (1916–17), 276
Grenada (1916), 282
Guadeloupe, 234, 276, 282
Guatemala, 192, 276, 280
Guiana, 276, 279
[Pg 779]Haiti, 194, 276, 281
Hawaii, 194, 241, 276, 284
Honduras, 276, 280
India, 276, 282
Indo-China, French, 237
Jamaica, 193, 276, 281
Java, 283, 294
Leeward Islands, 282
Mauritius, 285
Mexico, 193, 220, 276, 280, 281
Netherlands, 290
Netherlands E. Indies, 195, 276, 283, 295
New Caledonia, 243
Nicaragua, 276, 280
Nigeria, 276, 285
Nyasaland, 276, 285
Peru, 276, 278, 279
Philippines, 242, 284
Porto Rico, 194, 222, 276, 281
Portugal, 290
Producing countries (table), 276
Réunion, 276, 285
Salvador, 193, 276, 279, 280
Santos (1900–01), 472
Sarawak, 284
Sierra Leone, 285
Somali Coast (French), 276, 285
Somaliland, 276, 285
Straits Settlements, 238, 284
St. Vincent (1917), 282
Sumatra, 283
Tobago, 282
Trinidad, 282
United States, 301, 302
Venezuela. 190, 276–278

Extra (grade), 261

Extracts, Coffee, 169, 670, 712
First U.S. trade-mark, 469

Eyre, Henry, 482


Faba Arabica, Carmen, Fellon, 543

Fair-price list (Phila., 1776), 467

Fairy Cup (brand), 539

Fakr-Eddln-Aboubeckr ben Abid Iesi, 543

Fancies (Sumatra), 355

Faneuil Hall, Boston, 612

Faneuil, Peter, 612

Fantasia (grade), 261

Fantastic claims for c., 58, 433
Advertising, 439

Faris, Charles, 612

Farquhar, q., 587

Farr, James, chk., 53, 54, 62

Farrell, C.P., 508

Farrington, Campbell & Co., 508

Fat content in c., 164, 693, 715, 718, 719
Loss in roasting, 167

"Father of English C. houses," (Blount), 56

Fatigue, effect of c. on, 186

Fauldier, H., pat., 640

Faunce process, pat., 160

Faust (brand), 441, 539

Fauvel, q., 176

Fazenda (brand), 445

Fazendas (see Plantations)

Fazendeiros, 258, 303, 304

Federal Sugar Refining Co., 123, 473

Fell & Bro., C.J., 501

Fellon, 543

Fellows, q., 667

Fendler-Stüber method, 172

Fenjeyl (see Findjan)

Fenjyn (see Findjan)

Feré, q., 186

Fermentation, 254

Fermented (see Flavors)

Ferrari, Mary, chk., 118, 119

Ferris, P.J., 508

Fertilizers
Ashes, 201
Chemical determination, 155, 156
Coffee pulp, 156

Fertilizing, 202
Salvador, 219

Fiber, crude, 718

Fidelity Trust Co., 112

Fielding, Henry, 80, 89, 554, 579, 580

Fielding, John, 579

Figueroa, 543

Filter bags, care of, 707, 714, 715, 717

Filter paper, 715

Filtration
Definition, 698
Methods, 715, 716, 721
N.C.R.A. recommendations, 718

Filtration devices
Acker's "percolator" (1905), 701
Baker's cloth (1902), 647
Beurt's pneumatic, 705
Blanke's cloth (1909), 651
Boss (1881), 645
Brain's vacuum, 705
Caseneuve's paper (1824), 623
Reversed Fr. drip (1824), 699
Double glass, 637, 701, 702
Egrot's steam cloth, 708
Evans's tin air-float, 705
Gaudet's cloth, 623, 699
Half-Minute, 645
King's, for restaurants, 651
"Percolator", 701
Kin-Hee, 646, 647
Make-Right, 651, 701
Minute, 645
Napier's vacuum, ill., 637, 699, 700
Parker's pneumatic, 705
Platow's vacuum glass, 705
Private Estate, 649, 701
Raparlier's pocket, 637
Rapid (see Rapid)
Salazar's steam-pressure urn, 653
Tricolator, 445, 651, 652, 701
Tricolette, ill., 654
Tru-Bru, 651, 701
Vanderweyde's "continuous", 637
Wear's patent, 651

Filtré, Café, 675

Finch, William, q., 36

Findjans, 31, 36, 616, 661, 662

Findlay, Paul, q., 421

Fine; Very fine (see Grinds)

Fine Arts, C. in relation to, 587–614

Fines (England), 59

Fin-ion (see Findjans)

Finishing machinery, 396

Finjans (see Findjans)

Fink & Nasse Co., 502

Finney, Samuel, 126

First
Authoritative treatise, 27
Comprenenslve treatise in German, Meisner's (1721), 46
Description in print, 26
Mention by European, 5, 541
Printed mention, 25, 45
America, 105
England, 35
As "Coffe", 36
Europe, 12
France, 31
Printed treatise, 543
Written mention in Mass. (1670), 107

Fischer, B., 497

Fischer, Benedickt, 634;
biog., 497

Fischer, Emil, 160

Fischer, William H., 497

Fischer & Co., B., 443, 485, 497, 499

Fischer & Lansing, 499

Fischer & Lehmann, 499

Fischer & Thurber, 499

Fischer, Kirby & Brown, 497, 499

Fishback, F.C., 509

Fishback, Frank S., 509

Fishback, John S., 509

Fishback Co., 509

Fisher, George, 497

Fitch & Howland, 484

Fitzgerald, 584

Fitzpatrick, Austin C., 496

Fitzpatrick & Case, 499

Fitzpatrick & Co., A.C., 496, 499

Flanders, Geo. W., 482, 491

Flanders & Co., Geo. W., 482

Flannel sack used for infusion, 620

Flasks and Flagons, Saltus, q., 552

Flat (see Flavors)

Flat-bean Santos c., 260, 341, 342, 366

Flats, 1st, 2d, 3d (grades), 258

Flaubert, Gustave, 565

Flavoring, Use in, 723, 724

Flavors, 397

Fleury, pat., 640

Fleury & Barker, pat., 638

Flint, Austin B., q., 176

Flint, J.G., 485, 506

Flint, W.K., 506

Flint, Wyman, 506

Flint, W. & J.G., 506, 635

Flint Bros. & Co., 501

Flint Co., J.G., 506

Flint, Evans & Co., 502, 503, 635

Floor brokers, 336, 337

Flora de las Antillas, Tussac, q., 8

Florian, chk., 27, 28
(See Francesconi)

Flower, Henry, 126

Flugel & Popp, 502, 503

Foley, John T., 478

Folger, J.A., 514

Folger & Co., J.A., 488, 505, 506, 509

Folger, Schilling & Co., 506, 507

Folkes, Martin, 578

Folkingham, 603

Fontenelle, 94, 98, 543, 554;
q., 565

Food Administration, U.S.
(See Government Control)

Food and Dietetics, Hutchinson, q., 179

Food and Drugs Act, U.S., 404

Food and drugs inspection, 338

Food conservation show, 386

Food use, 136, 615, 655, 693

Food value, 174, 180, 711, 712
U.S. Army, 539

Food Values, Locke, q., 180

Foote, Samuel, 85, 89, 579, 580, 581, 584

Foote & Knevals, 485

Forbes, A.E., 503;
q., 629, 631

Forbes, James H., 502, 503, 629, 635

Forbes, Robert M., 503, 510, 514

Force & Co., W.H., 482

Force & Co., W.S., 482

Force & Co., William H., 484

Formaleoni, Vincenzo, 27

Forrester, George R., 508

Forster, q., 159

Forster's Life of Goldsmith, q., 573

Forster, E.S., 508

Forsythe & Co., James, 502

Fossi & Co., 340

Foster, q., 2

Foster, A.C., 479

Fowler, John A., q., 269

Fox, 583

Francesconi, Floriono, 27

Francis, Norman, 492

Franco-American (brand), 441

François, Damame, 34

Frankel, E.M., 716

Frankel, F. Hulton, q., 180, 693

Franklin, Alfred, q., 7, 557

Franklin, Benjamin, 94, 98, 126, 467

Franklin, Samuel, 475

Franklin, Walter, 475

Franklin Tea Warehouse, 503

Fraser, q., 179

Fraser, David B., pat., 642, 644

Fraser Manufacturing Co., 644

Frederick the Great, 45;
q. 46

Frederick William I, 45

Fredericq, q., 184

Freeman, W.G., q., 133

Freight forwarding bureau, 323

Freight rates
Brazil to U.S. (1917–18), 535, 536
War-time, 338

French Color Prints of the XVIII Century, Salaman, q., 589

French Company of the Indies, 9

French Revolution, 100, 102, 293

French roast, 356, 388

Freund, 158

Fricke, E., q., 161

Frisbie & Stephens, 507

Frisi, 558

[Pg 780]From Tree to Cup with Coffee, N.C.B.A., q., 713, 714

Fromm & Co., 482

Fruit
Beverages from, 15, 694
Food use, 15, 693, 694

Fry & Co., Henry A., 501

Fryer, q., 2

Fuels, 385, 386
Coal, 620
Electricity, 647, 648
Gas, 640, 643
Natural, 642

Full city roast, 388

Full difference, 331

Fullard, William, pat., 643

Fulton Mills, 498

Funk, C., q., 180

Fustian bag used for infusion, 620

Future of coffee, 585

Futures market (New York), 329

Fuzelier, q., 594


G.G. (hall mark; see Garthorne, G.)

Gaa Paa, v., 316

Gabriel, Angel, 15, 23
Legend, 38

Gaffney, Hugh, 497, 498

Gage, H.N., 505

Gainsborough, Thomas, 84, 583

Galen, 11

Galla (see Eating coffee)

Galland, Antoine, 31, 543, 548, 557;
q., 2, 12, 16, 20, 22

Gallienii, C., 147
Caffein content, 161

Galt, Herbert, pat., 652

Galuppi, 556

Gambetta, 96

Gandais, J.A., pat., 625, 699, 708

Ganse, John H., 507

Garair (Arabian bale), 266

Gardell, Theodore, 85, 584

Gardens
Botanical
Amsterdam, 6, 44
Arabia, royal, 34
Paris (Jardin des plantes), 6
Martinique (Jardin Desclieux), 9
Experimental
Bangelan (Java), 138, 146, 345
Camayenne (Fr. Guinea), 146
Indo-China, French, 237
Java, 43, 215
Pleasure (New York), 121, 123, 124
Cherry, 124
Contoit's, 124
New York, 124
Niblo's, ill., 121, 124
Ranelagh, 124
Sans Souci, 124
Vauxhall, ill., 123, 124
Tea (London), 80, 82, 83
Adam and Eve, 83
Bagnigge Wells, 83
Bayswater, 83
Canonbury House, 83
Copenhagen House, 83
Cuper's, 82
Dog and Duck, 83
Highbury, 83
Hornsey, 83
Jews' Harp, 83
Marylebone, 82
New Spring Gardens, 82
Ranelagh, ill., 81, 82, 83
Spring Gardens, 82
Vauxhall, ill., 81, 82
White Conduit House, 83

Garrick, David, 80, 81, 85, 88, 569, 574, 579, 580, 583;
q., 573

Garrick, David (Mrs.), 579

Garrick, Westphal & Co., S.B., 476

Garrison, C.H., 508

Garrondona, J.L., 340

Garth, Sir Samuel, 576, 578

Garthorne, Francis, 601

Garthorne, George, 601, 602

Garway (see Garraway)

Gas roasting, 385, 386

Gaskell, Mrs., 582

Gasser, M.H., 510, 511, 513, 514

Gastronomy as a Fine Art, Brillat-Savarin, q., 557

Gates, H., 505

Gates, John W., 519

Gates & Co., A.B., 508

Gaudet, pat., 623, 699

Gaudron, 543

Gautier, Théophile, 98, 102, 565

Gazette, London, newsp., 585

Gazette de France, per., q., 8

Gay, John, q., 575, 577

Gee, Edward, pat., 634

Geiger, Frank J., 509

Geiger-Fishback Co., 509

Geiger-Tinney Co., 508, 509

Gelabert, José Antonio, 9

Gemaleddin, Sheik, 16, 541

Genius fostered by c., 557

Geographical distribution, 189–195

George III, 106, 117, 583

George V, 601

George & Co., P.T., 485

Georgi, Theophilo, 45, 433

Gephart, q., 180

Gerard, (French minister), 130

German Trading Co., 527

Germicidal properties, 180

Germination, 5, 138

Gérôme, Jean Léon, 591, 656

Ghiradelli & Co., D., 505

Giacomini, Luigi, pat., 648

Gibbon, Edward, 81, 583

Gilbert, Colgate, 494

Gilbert & Co. Colgate, 498

Gillet, Frère, 144

Gillett, A.B., 508

Gilles, E.J., q., 408

Gillies, James W., 495;
biog., 494

Gillies, Wright, 497;
biog., 494

Gillies & Bro., Wright, 494, 495, 499

Gillies & Co. Inc., E.J., 495, 499, 501

Gillies Coffee Co., 494, 495, 499

Gilman, George F., 479, 485

Gimborn, Theo. von, 638;
pat., 639

Glazes and coatings, 170

Glazing
Arbuckle's patent, 522
Effects, 167
Italy, 686
Machinery, 396

Glines, J.T. & N., 501

Globe Mills, 496, 497, 499, 526

Gloria, Café, 683

Glover, Force & Co., 482

Glyceral as sweetening, 165

Glynn, Martin J., 482

Glynn & Co., Martin J., 482

Godey's Lady's Book, per., q., 711

Goed Vrouw, v., 317

Goetzinger, M.E., q., 521

Gold and Silversmiths' Soc., 609

Golden Gate (brand), 441

Golden Sun (brand), 441

Golden Wedding (brand), 441

Golden West (brand), 441

Goldoni Carlo, 28, 555, 588;
q., 556

Goldsmith, Oliver, 80, 81, 85, 88, 568, 574, 579, 582, 584
"Retaliation", 573

Goldtree, Liebes & Co., 488

Goldsworthy, William G., pat. 702

Goodhousekeeping, per., q., 175, 176, 182

Gomez, Juan Antonio, 9, 221

Gordon, Douglas, pat., 248

Gordon, Fred P., 478

Gordon, G.O., 485, 486

Gordon, John, pat., 246

Gordon & Co., Fred P., 478

Gordon & Co., Geo. O., 486

Gordon & Co., John, 246

Gorter, q., 156, 159, 160

Gothot, Ferd., 639

Gottlieb, 185

Gould (chemist), q., 167, 168

Gould, George J., 519

Gouverneur, Isaac, 475

Gouverneur, Nicholas, 475

Gourewitsch, q., 176

Gout, strange remedy for, 182

Government (brand), 434

Government control, War-time, 338, 474, 534–538

Government Monopoly
Java, 213, 214
Netherlands E. Ind., 44, 283, 312

Grace & Co., W.R., 442, 482, 488, 489

Grade, Basic (N.Y. Exch.), 329, 335

Graders (N.Y. Exch.), 333

Grades, 258
Colombia, 260
Mocha, 351
New York, 329
Porto Rico, 264
São Paulo, 260
U.S. (prohibited), 337

Grading
Brazil, 304, 306
Hand, 258
Machinery, 246–248, 258, 383
Machine (Van Gulpen's), 638
New York Exchange, 333
Santos, 304

Grafe, q., 164

Grafting (see Propagation)

Gragé (see Peaberry)

Graham, q., 153

Gram, pat., 158

Grand concern of England explained, pamph., 72

Grandin, 708

Granger & Co., 508

Granger & Hodge, 508

Grant, U.S., 563

Grassy (see Flavors)

Gray, Arthur, q., 552, 553, 713

Gray, Louis R., 446

Gray, Thomas, 80

Great American Tea Co., 479, 499

Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Co., 417, 479, 485, 499
Premiums, 429

Great Boom (see Booms), 528, 529

Great London Tea Co., 435

Greeks of the Present Day, About, q., 685

Green, William, 492

Green coffee marks, ill., 338, 340

Green Dragon c. urn, 613, 614

Greene, Richard A., pat., 652, 653

Greenwood, Paul, 71

Gregory, chk., 93

Grenier, Dufougeret, 9

Grever & Bro., 501

Grévy, François Paul Jules, 566

Griebel, q., 159

Griffiths & Co., J., 508

Grigor & Co., T.S., 508

Grinding
Arabia, 658–662
Australia, 692
Greece, 685
Household
England, 695, 696, 704, 705
Greece, 685
United States, 711
Steel cut, 714
New Zealand, 692

Grinding and packing, 167, 168

Grinding machinery, 400–402, 615–654
Chronology, 643–654
Commercial
Burstone Mills, 637
France, 680
Greece, 685
Household, 615–620
First French patent, 625

Grinding machines
Household
Book's (1665), 617
Bronson's patent (1903), 647
Bruff's patent (1798), 621
Clark's hand-mill (1832), 625
Colaux's patent (1829), 625
Dearman's patent (1779), 621
Electric (first, 1897), 471
First English patent, 634
First U.S. patent, 468, 621
Herbert's patent (1848), 634
[Pg 781]Kenrich's mill (1815), 624
Lacoux' combined roaster and grinder, 625, 627
Moore's mill (1813), 623
Morgan's glass-Jar mill, 645
Hand mills, 644, 645
N.C.R.A. Home Mill (1915), ill., 652, 714
Parker's hand mill (1832), 625
Rittenhouse's hand-mill, 627
Selden's hand-mill (1831), 625
Stillman's "mica window", 627
Stowe's hand mill, 644
Strowbridge's box mill, 644
Turkish combination, 670
Van Vliet's hand mill, 634
Webb's box mill (1878), 644
Wilson's steel mill (1818), 623
Retail
Dell's store mill, 644
Morgan's patent (1919), 653
Wholesale
Barbor mill, 637
Burns's granulator, 637, 652
Ideal steel-cut mill (1916), 652
Knickerbocker (1882), 645

Grinds, 401, 402
Coarse and fine compared, 167
Comparative test (1917), 716
Definitions, 714
Greek preferences, 685
Irregular (King's patent), 167, 402, 474, 716

Griswold, H.F., 502

Grocer helps, 412

Grocers Engineering and Whitmee, Ltd., 640, 641, 642

Grocers, Retail, no. in U.S., 415

Grocery stores, 422, 423
Model c. departments, 415, 418

Groff & Co., Charles R., 508

Grohens, A.P., 646, 649

Gros, 589

Gross, March & Co., 479

Grossman, George A., 506

Grossman, William, 506

Grossman & Co., William, 506

Grossman Co., Wm., 506

Groundy (see Flavors)

Growths, French preferences, 680

Gruner, Siegfried, 478

Gruner & Co., 530

Gruner & Co., S., 478

Gruppe, Charles P., 593

Guadeloupes (c.), 350, 363

Guam c., 355, 375

Guardian (Lond.), per., 80;
q., 576

Guardiola, José, pat., 247

Guatemalas (c.), 347, 359, 360

Guildhall museum, 62, 602

Guillasse, Dr., q., 181

Guineas (c.), 353, 378

Gump Company, B.F., 474, 652

Gutteridge, Mary, chk., 108

Gutteridge, Robert chk., 108

Guy, Francis, 593

G. Washington's Prepared (brand), 538

Gwynn (architect), 584


Haas, Kalman, 482

Haas Bros, 482, 488

Haase, Heinrich, 484

Habit-forming: c. is not, 176, 186

Habitat, 133, 291

Hacendado Mex. El, q., 156

Haciendas (see Plantations)

Hackfeld & Co., Ltd., H., 488

Haddon, q., 159

Hadrot, pat., 621, 622, 699

Haebler & Co., 485

Haehnlen Bros., 508

Haeussler, August, 480

Hagar, 18

Hahnemann, Samuel, q., 175

Haimi-Harazi c., 351, 368

Haitis (c.), 350, 362

Hakimani, 17

Hakluyt Society, 1, 2

Half difference, 321

Halifax, Lord, 577

Hall, G.M., 502

Hall, I.W., q., 184

Hall, Robert (Rev.), 556

Hall & Co., Martin L., 501

Halla, Wm., 488

Halley, Dr., 582

Halligan, T.F., 513

Hallmarks, 601, 602, 607

Hals, Frans, 587

Halsey, R.T. Haines, 607, 609

Halstead, Charles, pat., 470, 644

Hamakua c., 356, 375

Hamberger-Polhemus Co., 488

Hamill, David B., 509

Hamill, Smith, 509

Hamill & Co., S., 508, 509

Hamilton Alexander, 130;
duel, 123

Hamilton, Duke of, 572

Hamlin, Mary P., 130;
q., 556

Hamor, W.A., pat., 406, 539

Hamsley, M.F., pat., 642

Hanauer, Herman, 482

Hanauer, Moses G., 482

Hanausek, q., 147, 159

Handbills, 432–435
First (Rosée's, 1652), 54

Handbook of Medical Science, q., 182

Handbuch der Physiologie, q., 177

Hanley, John, 480

Hanley & Co., Geo. F., 508

Hanley & Kinsella, 480

Hanley & Kinsella Coffee and Spice Co., 485, 502

Hannes, Edward, 572

Harari c., 353, 376

Harari longberry c., 353

Hard, Anson Wales, 480

Hard & Rand, 477, 480, 484
Pacific Mail strs. chartered, 486

Harding, Warren G. (Mrs.), 567

Hare, q., 183

Hargreaves, C.F., pat., 247

Harkness, q., 176

Harley, 573

Harnack, 158

Harper's Weekly, q., 16

Harriman, E.H., 519

Harrington, Elizabeth, 614

Harrington, James, 60

Harris (actor), 574

Harris, Benj., 108

Harris, Samuel L., 492

Harris, Wm. B., 390, 492, 716

Harrison, D.Y., 503, 629

Harrison, W.H., 503

Harrison & Co., W.H., 503

Harrison & Wilson, 503

Harsh Santos c., 341

Hartford Steam Coffee & Spice Mills, 508

Hartwich, q., 147

Hart & Howell, 477

Harvard University
Bureau of Business Research 418, 428

Harvest time, 249, 250

Harvey, Eliab, 40

Harvey, Gideon, q., 58

Harvey, William, 40

Harwood, 581

Hassey, Cornelius, 492

Hatch & Jenks, 508

Hatches, Major, chk., 112

Hatfield c. pots, 607

Hatton, Edward, q., 54

Haulenbeek, Jr., John W., 497

Haulenbeek, Sr., John W., 497

Haulenbeek, Peter 494, 497, 499

Haulenbeek & Co., John W., 497

Haulenbeek & Mitchell, 499

Haulenbeek Roasting & Milling Co., 499

Havemeyer, Henry O., 506, 521, 523

Havemeyers, The, 470

Hawaiian c., 355, 375

Hawk, Philip B., q., 177, 182

Hawkins, Sir John, q., 579

Hawkins, Thomas, 505

Hawkins & Thornton, 505

Haworth & Dewhurst, 507

Haydon, 84, 583

Haye, de la, 31

Hayes, John (and Mrs.), 505

Hayman, 583

Hayward, George W., 508

Hayward, Martin, 501

Hayward & Co., 501

Hazlitt, Carew W., q., 28

Hazlitt, William, 557

Heading, 389

Health, Effect on, 174–188
Favorable 23, 38, 42, 72, 557, 558, 562
Unfavorable, 38, 46

Health and longevity through Rational Diet, Lorand, q., 182

Heart, Effect on, 181

Hébert, 94

Hedging, 329, 335

Heekin, Albert E., 503

Heekin, James, 503

Heekin, James J., 503

Heekin, Robert E., 503

Heekin & Co., James, 503

Heekin Co., 503

Heekin Co., James, 503, 651

Heekin Co., James J., 503

Heekin Spice Co., 503

Hekem, chk., 19

Hekteon, q., 178

Helen (of Troy), 12

Hellmann Bros. & Co., 487, 488

Hellsten, q., 186

Hemileia vastatrix (see Diseases)

Henckel, James, pat., 245

Hendershot, Peter, 508

Henneman, Karel F., pat., 639, 640

Henrici, F.H., 511

Henrion, pat., 621

Henry IV, 60

Hentz & Co., Henry, 482

Herald, New York, newsp., q., 185

Herald of Health, per., q., 181

Herbert, Luke, pat., 634

Herbert, Sir Thomas, 1, 2, 543;
q., 38

Herklotz, Corn & Co., 482

Hertford, Countess of, 570

Hess, H.P., 508

Hewitt, Jr., Robert, 557

Hewitt, Jr., Robert C., 480

Hewitt, H.H., 507

Hewitt & Phyfe, 480

Hickey, 574

Hidey (see Flavors)

High roast, 388

Higgins & Co., Geo. W., 501

Hignette, pat., 640

Hildreth, A.G., 480

Hill, John (Dr.), 576, 580

Hill Bros., 471

Hill, Dwinell & Co., 501

Hill & Thornley, 501

Hillis Plantation Co., 501

Hinchman & Howard, 508

Hind, Rolph & Co., 488

Hinkle, Henry, 501

Hinz, F.W., 503

Hippocrates, 11, 12

Hire Co., Charles G., 539

Hires' Soluble (brand), 539

Hirsch, q., 186

Historia Vitae et Mortis, Bacon, q., 38, 543

History and Antiquities of the City of Boston, Drake, q., 108

History and Reminiscences of Lower Wall Street, Wakeman, 478

Historical and chronological deduction of the origin of commerce, Anderson, 72

History of Am. Manufactures, Bishop, q., 105, 115, 125

History of Literature, Routh, q., 561

History (of Phila.), Scharf & Westcott, q., 126

Hlasiwetz, q., 159, 165

Hobart Electric Mfg. Co., 646, 652

Hobart Mfg. Co., 646

Hobson-Jobson, q., 1, 2

Hoch, q., 186

Hodges, Alderman, 53, 54

Hodges, Dr., 58

Hodhat, Kadhi, q., 663

Hoepner, 472

Hoffman, Daniel H., 505

Hoffman, Lee & Co., 485

Hogarth, William, 80, 84, 576, 578, 579, 581, 583, 587, 593

Holbrook, E.F., 539

Holland (see Netherlands)

[Pg 782]Holland, Charles H., 501

Holland Coffee Co., 497, 501

Hollingworth, H.L., q., 176, 185, 186
Caffein investigations 187, 188

Holman & Co., 509

Holmes, F.T., 471, 472, 641, 642;
pat., 643

Holstad, S., 509

Holstad, S.H., 514

Holstad & Co., S., 509

Holstad & Co., S.H., 443

Home, Chamberlain, q., 563

Home Economics Laboratories, Un. of Kansas, 714

Home, Life of, Mackenzie, q., 86

Homer, 12

Homeyer, H.L., 510

Honduras c., 347, 360

Honey in c., 105

Hookah, 668

Hoole, 575

Hoopes, B.F., 508

Hoover, Herbert, 536, 537

Hope, G.W., pat., 649

Horace, 543

Horn, William L., 509

Horner & Co., Henry, 502

Horter, John, 506

Hotel Astor (brand), 441, 465

Hotels
London
Cecil, ill., 675
Piccadilly, 675
Richardson's, 576
Sabloniere, 583
Savoy, ill., 675, 677
Tavistock, 580
Waldorf, ill., 675
New York
Ambassador, 691
Astor House, 690
City, 121
Waldorf-Astoria, 690, 691
Philadelphia
Mansion House, 130

Houghton, q., 40

Houghton's collection (1698), q., 54

House-boat coffee house, 89

Howard, q., 159

Howell, James, 40;
q., 58

Howell, Son & Co., B.H., 479

Howells, William Dean, q., 548, 549, 567

Howland & Aspinwall, 476

Hoyt & Co., W.M., 485, 502

Huatusco c., 345, 358

Huber & Stendel, 508

Hubner, pat., 162

Hudson, D.D., 507

Hudson, Thomas, 84, 584

Hudson & Co., H.C., 507

Hudson-Fulton celebration, 607

Hudson Mills, 497

Huestis & Hamilton, 508

Hughes, Charles E., 332

Hugo, Victor, 98, 565

Hull, John, 607

Hulling machinery, 245, 246, 247, 248, 255, 256
Bucket and beam crusher, 260
Costa Rica, 264
First U.S. patent, 245, 469
Smout's, 257

Hulls, beverage from, 655, 658, 694
(See Husks)

Hulls and pulp, beverage from, 15

Hulman, H., 508

Humboltiana, C., 147
Caffein content, 161

Hume (pseud. of Voltaire), 556

Humphrey, chk., 121

Humphreys, H.M., 482

Humphry (appr. to Bowman), 54

Hungerford, G.S., pat., 644

Hungerford, G.W., pat., 644

Hungerford Co., 644

Hunt, Leigh, 550, 557;
q., 562, 578

Hunt, Mathew, 503, 631

Huntington, L.M., q., 155

Huntley Mfg. Co., 248, 472, 642, 643

Huntoon & Towner, 501

Hurd, Jacob, 612

Husks, beverage from, 26, 156, 231
(see Hulls)

Husted, Ferguson & Titus, 482

Hutchins, John, chk., 116, 117

Hutchinson, chk., 109

Hutchinson, Edward, 112

Hutchinson, Gov., 109

Hutchinson, Jonathan, q., 175, 177, 179

Hutchinson, Woods, q., 176, 177, 180

Hybrids, 138, 140, 146, 236

Hyde, chk., 122

Hyde, E.J., pat., 634

Hydrolysis, 719


Ibrik, (boiler), 31, 615, 656, 658, 668, 695, 696

Ibriq (see Ibrik)

Iced c., 724

Ichtoglan, 22

Ideals, Coffee, 585

Illustrated History of English Plate, Jackson, q., 601, 602, 603

Imbusch, J.F.W., 506

Importers
Baltimore (Brazil c., 1894), 485
New Orleans (no., 1900–20), 491
New York, 475–482
Brazil c. (1894), 484
Number (1900–20), 491
Phila. (number 1900–20), 491
U.S., Brazil branches, 304
San Francisco, 487, 488
Number (1900–20), 491
(See Dealers, Wholesale)

Importing ports
Amsterdam, 327
Antwerp, 327
Baltimore, 482, 484
Hamburg, 327
Havre, 327
New Orleans, 296, 482, 484
New York, 296, 476, 482, 484
Rotterdam, 327
San Francisco, 296, 482, 484

Imports
Aden (for re-export), 282
Argentine (1919), 291
Australia, 239, 291
Austria-Hungary (1913–17,) 290
Ceylon, 282
Chile (1920), 291
Cuba, 281, 282, 291
Denmark (1921), 290
Fed. Malay States (1920), 284
Finland (1921), 290
France, 32, 33, 290, 291
Germany (1920), 290
Italy, 290
Martinique, 282
Netherlands, 290, 294
Early, 43, 44, 291
New Orleans, 482, 484–487
New York (1881), 528
(1900–20), 480, 484
New Zealand (1920), 291
Norway (1921), 290
Panama, 280
Portugal (1919), 290
San Francisco, 325, 482, 484, 488, 489
Spain (1920), 290
Straits Settlements (1920), 284
Sweden (1921), 290
Union of So. Africa (1920), 291
United States, 296, 299–302
Brazil c., 296, 468, 475
Early, 468, 475
First in Am. vessels, 468
Value (1919–21), 299-302
Venice, early, 27

Impotence, C. and, 23, 46, 71

Inchbald, Mrs., 578

Indiana Coffee Co., 485

Indias (c.), 351, 369

Indigena, C. (Maragogipe), 345

Indirect flame, 642, 646

Indo-China c., 352, 370, 371

Industrial exhibition (1921), 654

Influence des cafés sur les moeurs politiques, Salvandy, q., 100

Influence of Alcohol and Other Drugs on Fatigue, Rivers, q., 186

Infusion, defined, 698

Infusion devices
Bencini's condenser (1838), 625
Biggin (1817), 624, 699, 710, 712
Dakin's cloth-bag, 633, 645
Denobe's pharmacological-chemical (1802), 621, 699
Donmartin's flannel sack (1763), 620, 697
Duparquet's muslin strainer, 644
Etruscan (1887–88), 645
First French (1711), 696, 697
Halstead's china-lined metal, 644
L'Aine's Diligence (1763), 620
Martelley's condenser, 624, 625
Rapid (see Rapid)
Old Dominion (1856), 625, 710
Rowland's condenser (1844), 625
Triumph, 699

Ingram, Margaret A., 593

Inner-heated roasting machines, 386

Insomnia caused by c., 176

Inspector, London, per., 579

Inspectors at ports of entry
Favored by N.C.R.A., 513

In-store contract, 331

Intellectual drink, The, 566

Intelligence, per., q., 59

International Coffee Congress (1902), 472

Internationalized by French, C., 585

Introduction, beverage
Aleppo (1532), 19
American colonies (1668), 708
Arabia, 11, 12
Austria (1693), 49
Cairo (1510), 16
Constantinople (1517), 19, 291
Damascus (1530), 19
England (1637), 35–42
Europe (1615), 25–30
France (1644), 31–34
Germany (1670), 45–47
Italy (1615), 25, 26
London, 58
Marseilles (1644), 31, 291
Mecca (1470–1500), 16
Medina (1470–1500), 16
Netherlands (1616), 43–44
New York (1668), 115–124
North America (1660–70), 105–113
Oxford (1637), 40
Paris (1657), 31, 91
Persia, 21
Philadelphia (1682), 125–130
Venice (1615), 25, 291
Vienna (1693), 49–52

Invisible supply (N.C.R.A.), 514

Ireland, Augustus, 479

Ireland, Sam, 81, 576, 578, 593

Irregular grind, King's patent, 167, 402, 716

Irrigation
Abyssinia, 197
Arabia, 197, 231
Mexico, 222

Irving, Washington, q., 317

Isenberg, Paul, 519

Ishmael, 18

Israel, Leon, 482, 532

Israel & Bros., Leon, 442, 482

Italian roast, 356, 388

Ittel, pat., 640


Jackson, Charles James, q., 600, 601, 602

Jackson, S., 486

Jackson, W.F., 485

Jackson & Co., 499

Jacob, chk., 41, 42, 53

Jacquand, 591

Jaeckle, q., 163

Jagenberg Machine Co., Inc., 472

Jalapa c., 345, 358

Jamaica c., 350, 362

James, James, chk., 127

James, Mrs., chk., 127

Jamison, Catherine Arbuckle, 524

Jamison, Robert, 524

Jamison, Wm. Arbuckle, 523, 524

Janney, Jr. & Co., B.S., 501

[Pg 783]Jardin Desclieux, Inauguration de, q., 9
Fort de France, 9

Jardin des plantes, Paris, 6

Jardin, Edélestan, q., 2, 3, 6, 14, 16, 27, 32, 557, 565, 629, 695, 708

Jarvie, James N., 479, 523, 524

Java c., 353, 355, 373, 374

Jause, 50

Jay Cooke panic, 527

Jefferson, Thomas, 130

Jeffreys, Judge, 570

Jenkins & Bro., T.C., 507

Jennings, Constantine, chk., 61, 582
(See Constantine, George)

Jewel Tea Co., 417

Jewett & Sherman, 506

Jewett, Sherman & Co., 506

Jobson, Cirques, chk., 41

Johns, Benjamin, chk., 112

Johnson, James D., 495

Johnson, Life of, Boswell, q., 567

Johnson, Samuel, 80, 81, 88, 89, 557, 567, 568, 569, 574, 577, 583, 585;
q., 561

Johnson & Co., Theo. F., 508, 635

Johnson Automatic Sealer Co., 472

Johnson-Locke Merc. Co., 488

Johnston, Herbert L., pat., 646, 652

Johnston, W.T., pat., 642

Johnston, William, 501

Johnston & Co., E., 445, 486

Johnston, Gordon & Co., 486

Joint Coffee Trade Publicity Committee, 489, 443, 445–459, 474
Booklets, 455
Brewing, 717, 718
Coffee Club, 453, 455
Information service, 453
Membership, 448
Organized (1919), 474, 514
Program, 514
Recipes, 723, 724
Scientific research, 453, 457

Jones, Dorothy, 107, 108, 467

Jones, J.F., 507

Jones, W.T., 505, 511, 513

Jones, Webster, 515

Jones & Co., S.L., 488

Jones Bros., 501

Jonson, Ben, 60

Joseph, chk., 93

Joseph Andrews, Fielding, 80

Joteyko, q., 186

Joubert, 96

Jourdain, John, q., 1, 2

Journal Am. Chem. Soc., q., 155, 160

Journal Am. Med. Ass'n, per., q., 175, 185

Journal d' Antoine Galland, q., 2

Journal of Assoc. Agric. Chem., per., q., 169

Journal of the Franklin Institute, q., 711, 712

Journal of the Gen. Assembly of the Colony of New York (1709), q., 117

Journal of Pharmachol., per., q., 184

Journal, Revett, q., 2

Journey through England, Mackay, 75

Julian, sec. to the Muses, 574

Julien (of Gobelins), 567

Jurgens, pat., 167


Kadoe c., 355, 373

Kaffa, 3

Kaffa coffee, 228, 229

Kaffee Hag Corp., 473

Kaffee-klatsch (first), 45, 433, 683

Kaffee-sieder, 50, 51

Kahoueh, 3

Kahua, 3

Kahvedjibachi, 20, 22

Kahveji, 665

Kahwa, 3

Kahwah, 15

Kahwah (coffee-room), 657, 658, 662

Kahwe, 45

Kair Bey, 17

Kaldi, 14, 15

Kaltenbach, George, 476, 529

Kant, Immanuel, 562

Kaspar, Adam J., 502

Kato, Sartori, 471, 538

Kato Coffee Co., 538

Kavah, 2

Kaveh, 1

Kaveh kanes, 17
(See also Coffee houses)

Kavveghi, 22

Kawih, 11

Keable, B.B., q., 181, 182

Keats, John, 549;
q., 550

Keen, William, chk., 120

Keen's Chop House, 498

Kelly, George, 501

Kelly, H.D., pat., 472, 649

Kemble, John, 581

Kendrick, F.G., 507

Kenny, C.D., 508

Kenrich, Archibald, pat., 624

Kentucky coffee tree, 564

Kentucky Warbler, The, Allen, q., 564

Kerr, Mary Alice, 523

Khawah (see Kahwah)

Kickleburys on the Rhine, Thackeray, q., 563

Kidde, Frank, 479

Kidneys, effect on, 175, 181

Kilgour & Taylor, 503

Kimball, O.G., 527, 528

King, Dr., q., 584

King, John E., 513, 539, 701, 720;
pat., 167, 474, 651;
q., 168, 402, 716
(See also Irregular grind)

King, Moll, chk., 581, 587

King, Thomas, chk., 581

King, Tom, chk., 587

King Coffee Products Corp., 539

King of American breakfast table, 107

King of perfumes, 565

Kingdom's Intelligencer, London, per., q., 433, 582

Kipfel, 50

Kirby, James H., 480

Kirby & Halstead, 480

Kirby, Halstead & Chapin, 480

Kirby, Halstead & Chapin Co., 485

Kirkland, A., 480

Kirkland, W.J., 480

Kirkland & von Sacks, 480

Kirkland Bros., 478, 480

Kisher, 231, 266, 655, 658
Method of preparing, 694

Kissing the cheeks, 387

Kitchen, James, chk., 130

Kitchen Directory and American Housewife, q., 709

Kneller, Sir Godfrey, 578

Knickerbocker & Cooke, 499

Knickerbocker Mills, 496

Knickerbocker Mills Co., 496

Knight, Eberman & Co., 507

Knowles, Cloyes & Co., 502

Knowlys, Thomas John, pat., 633

Knudsen & Co., P.J., 488

Koch, q., 186

Kock, Paul de, 565

Koenig & Co., J. Henry, 503

Kohwah, 12

Kolschitzky Franz George, chk., 49, 50, 51, 590
Introduces c. to Vienna, 50
Portrait, ill., 51
Statue, ill., 50, 599
Wife (Ursula), 51

Kolster & Co., 340

Kona c., 356, 375

Kooman, G.W., pat., 649

Koran, q., 15, 20

Kosmos Line, 489

Kraepelin, q., 186

Krag-Reynolds Co., 502

Kraut, Adolph, 471

Kreiser, Alexander W., 509

Kreissel, Fillip, 538

Kroberger, Charles, 501

Kroe c., 355, 371

Krout, J.M., 503

Krull, pat., 247

Krupp A.G. Grusonwerk, Fried, 247

Kuchelmeister, F., pat., 647

Kuhlemeir, Fred J., pat., 648

Kuhlke, George F., 482

Kunhardt, Henry, 482

Kunhardt & Co., 482

Kuprili, Grand Vizier, 20, 21 49, 71, 664


Labaree & Co., J.H., 480, 482, 484

Labeling machinery, 403

Labels, law affecting, 410

Labor
Angola, 268
Arabia, 266
Arbuckle business, 524, 525, 526
Brazil, 207, 260, 261, 293, 445, 530, 531
Colombia, 260
Guadeloupe, 233
Guatemala, 219
Guianas, 236
Honduras, 234
Java, 269, 271
Mexico, 263, 264
Nicaragua, 264
Netherlands E.I., 283, 293, 294
Salvador, 217
Sumatra, 269
Venezuela, 263
West Indies, 293

Lacedæmonian (see Black broth), 13

La Chaussée, 94

La Coux, François Réné, pat., 627

La Guaira c., 348

La Roque, Jean, 31, 32, 34, 543, 557;
q., 5, 15, 33, 197, 245, 542, 565, 616, 694, 695

La Seine c.-pot, 607

Lactation, Effect on, 177, 178

Ladies Home Journal, per., 177;
q., 709

Ladies Home Magazine, per., q., 709, 710

Lahey, B., 480

L'Ainé, inv., 620

Lait, Café au, 691, 696

Lally, Albert V., q., 570

Lamb, Charles, q., 550

Lamb (Folger, Schilling & Co.), 506

Lambert, Joseph, 642, 646, 471, 472

Lambert Food & Machinery Co., 646

Lambert Machine Co., 649

Lamboray, C., 144

Lancet, per., q., 179

Landanabileo, q., 181

Landers, Frary & Clark, 472, 644, 647, 648, 649, 653, 701

Langfeld, 186

Langius, 543

Lantern Slides, 443

Lantern-shaped c.-pot, 602, 603, 604, 619

Lapicque, q., 184

Larousse, q., 91

Lascelles & Co., A.S., 482

Last-bag notice, New York, 321

Lastreto & Co., 488

Lathrop & Co., C.D., 484, 485

Laud, Archbishop, 41

Laughlin & Co., J.W., 508

Laurens, pat., 623, 694

Laurent, Emil, 144

Laurentii, C. (robusta), 142, 144

Laurentii Gillet, C., 142

Laurina, C., hyb., 138

Lauzaune, pat., 640

Lauzaune, Établissements, 625, 646

Lavado (grade), 261

Lawrence, George W., 535, 537

Lawrence & Van Zandt, 476

Lawton, Frederick, q., 557

Lawton, William, inv., 641, 651

Lazear, Jesse, 508

Lead number, 159, 513

Leaf-blight (see Diseases)

Leaves, beverage from, 133, 694

Le Candiot, chk., 93

Le Conte, q., 178

Le Gantois, chk., 93

Le Morgan Coffee Co., 508

Le Page, Jules, pat., 474, 652

Leclerc, 96

Lee, H.H., 508

Lee & Murbach, 502

Leech, John, 582

Lefévre, 96

[Pg 784]Légal, 96

Legendary origin (see Origin), 541

Leggett & Co., Francis H., 398, 480, 482, 494

Legislative com. on speculations, N.Y., 322

Lehmann, Julius, q., 70, 183

Lemare, 708

Lemierre, 94

Lemmon & Son, 507

Lemon in c. (Russia), 686

Lemonade venders, 670
(See also Pedling)

Lensing, J.H., 638

Leo XIII, Pope, q., 549

Leone, 579

Leopold, Emperor, 49

Lepper, q., 145

L'Estrange, 59

Lester, George C., pat., 472, 647

Lettre sur l'Origine et le Progres du Café, Galland, q., 12

Leven, 185

Levering, William T., 484, 485

Levering & Co., E., 484, 485, 508

Levinthal, q., 185

Levy, Florence N., q., 607

Levy & Co., M.M., 485

Lewin-Meyer Co., 488

Lewis, Charles, 503;
pat., 646

Lewis, Teacle Wallace, 480

Lewis & Co., T.W., 480

Liberian c., 353, 378

Liberica, C.
Allied Species, 142, 144
Botanical description, 140, 142
Colombia, 211
Dutch Guiana, 236
Federated Malay States, 238
French Indo-China, 237
Guadeloupe, 234
Java, 215, 216
Liberia, 229
Trees to acre, 230
Netherlands E.I. (1920), 283
United States imports, 341

Liberty Boys, 120

Licenses
Boston
Coffee-house, 108
First, Dorothy Jones, 107
England
Coffee-house, 59
First royal warrant, 59
France (first, 1692), 34
Germany, 46, 293
Mecca, coffee-house, 18
Philadelphia, coffee-house, 18
United States
First (1670), 467
War-time (1917–18), 338, 534
Württemberg, 47

Lichty, George E., 535

Lidgerwood, John, pat., 246

Lidgerwood, Wm. Van V., pat., 246, 247

Lidgerwood Mfg. Co., Ltd., 246

Liebig, Baron von, 682, 684, 685, 687;
q., 711

Liebreich, q., 185

Lievre, Frick & Co., 506

Life of Addison, Johnson, q., 561

Life of Home, Mackenzie, q., 86

Life of Johnson, Boswell, q., 567

Light roast, 356, 387, 388

Lightfoot, Alexander, chk., 120

Lilly (astrologer), 69

Limbird, John, 585

Limonáji, 670

Linn, A.R. & W.F., 508

Lins, Albuquerque, 531

Linschoten's travels, ill., 43;
q., 35, 37

Lion (brand), 523

Lion's head (Button's c. house), ill., 80, 576, 593

Livre Commode (Paris, 1691), 433

Lippincott, Jesse H., 507

Lispenard, Anthony, 475

Lispenard, Leonard, 475

Literature of coffee, 541–585

Literature, Influence of c. on 552, 556
England, 60, 81
Paris, 94, 96, 98, 100, 102, 103

Littledo, L., pseud., q., 550, 551

Lives of Eminent Men, Aubrey, q., 40

Lives of the Lord Chancellors, Campbell, q., 570

Lives of the Poets, Johnson, 570

Livierato, B.A., 479

Livierato, Gregory B., 478

Livierato Frères (Bros.), 338, 478, 488

Livierato-Kidde Co., 479

Livingstons, The, 475

Lloyd, the law-student, 579;
q., 584

Lloyd, Edward, chk., 85, 86

Lloyd, John C., 480

Lloyd & Co., John C., 480

Lloyd's (London), 120
Register of shipping, 85

Loading, Santos, 312, 314

Loaiza & Co., W., 488

Locke (chemist), q., 180

Locket, Mrs., chk., 570

Lockier, Dean, q., 574

Lockwood, Dr., q., 176

Lockyer, Captain, 120

Loeven & Co., E., 505

Loew, Oscar, q., 156

Logan & Strowbridge, 644

Logan & Strowbridge Iron Co., 644

London
Fire (1666), 61, 62, 74, 83
(1748), ill., 76, 83

London, Paris & Am. Bank, Ltd., 488

London Pleasure Gardens of the 18th Century, The, Wroth, q., 82

Long, Mary, chk., 56

Long, William, chk., 56

Longe, W. Harry, 444

Longevity, Effect of c. on, 178

Longhi, Alessandro, 588

Longhi, Pietro, 556, 558

Lopez, Pedro, 220

Lopez & Co., P.A., 338

Lorand, q., 182

Lorimore Bros., 508

Lorraine, Prince of, 49

Lott & Low, 475

Loudon, Howard C., 495

Loudon, J. Carlyle, 495

Loudon & Johnson, 495, 499

Loudon & Son, 495

Loudon & Stellwag, 495

Louis XIII, 91

Louis XIV, 6, 33, 91, 92

Louis XV, 8, 92, 94, 563, 566

Love, N., q., 175

Low, Seth, 473

Low & Co., Adolphe, 487

Lowell, Ebenezer, 467

Lower Wall St. Bus. Men's Ass'n, 473

Lown Coffee Co., W.G., 508

Lowther, Sir James, 584

Loyal Association (London), 583

Lubricant to human machine, 585

Ludlow & Goold, 475

Ludolphus, q., 5

Lueder & Co., A., 485

Lure of coffee, 585

Lurman & Co., T.G., 484, 485

Lusk, q., 180

Luttrell, 579

Lyman, John Chester, pat., 245

Lyons, A. Neil, q., 563

Lytton, Lord, 102


Macassars (c.), 355, 374

Macaulay, Thomas B., q., 75, 77

Macedoine Poetique (1824), 548

Machinery
Evolution of, 615–654
History of Manufacture, 468–474

Mackay, 75;
q., 79

Mackey, William D., 477, 491

Mackey & Co., 477

Mackey & Small, 477, 480

Mackintosh, Sir James, 556

Macklin, Charles, 89, 580, 581

Maclachlan, C.H., 527

Maclaine, Jemmy, 578

Macrocarpa, C., 146

MacVeagh & Co., Franklin, 485, 502

Madagascar c., 353, 378

Madagascar, C., 146

Madagascariensis, C., 146

Maddux, H. Clay, 479, 491

Magic Cup (brand), 539

Maguire, Charles, 479

Maguire, Joseph, 497, 498

Maguire & Gillespie, 508

Mahomet (See also Mohammed), 38

Mahood, E.B., 507

Mahood, Samuel, 507

Mahood, W. James, 507

Maidi c., 351, 368

Mail-order houses, 415

Maine & Eckerenkotter, 505

Mairobert, q., 566

Maitland, Coppell & Co., 482

Maitland, Phelps & Co., 482

Makara, chk., 93

Makonnen, Ras, 310

Malabars (c.), 351, 369

Malang c., 355, 373

Malaria, Effect of c. on, 181

Maldonado & Co., 488

Maliban chk., 93

Mallet, J.W., q., 176

Malone, q., 61, 574

Man, Alexander, chk., 59, 88

Mandelsloh, Joh. A. von, q., 45

Mandheling c., 355, 371

Manet, Edouard, 103, 104

Manipulated Java, 338

Manizales c., 348, 364

Manner of Making C., Tea and Chocolate, Dufour, 543

Manners and Customs, 655–692
Abyssinia, 655
Africa, 655–657
Africa, Portuguese E., 657
Algeria, 655, 656
Arabia, 657–663
Argentina, 691
Asia, 657–663
Brazil, 691
Chile, 691
Constantinople, 19, 22, 23, 663–670
Damascus (c.-house), 668–670
England (c.-house), 60, 75–89
Egypt, 655–657
France, 33, 680–683
Germany, 683–685
Italy, 686
London (c.-house), 73
Mexico, 687
Netherlands, 686
New Orleans, 690
North America, 686–691
Norway, 686
Oriental, Early, 17, 19, 22, 23
Paraguay, 691
Paris, 91, 96, 98, 100, 102, 103, 104, 554, 683
Persia (c.-house), 22
Philadelphia (c.-house), 128
Saxony, 684
Somaliland, 655
Sweden, 686
Thuringia, 684
Turkey, 20, 27, 36, 38, 663–670
Uganda, 655
United States, 687–691
Uruguay, 691
Vienna (c.-house), 562, 671, 672
(See also Coffee-houses)

Manning, E.B., pat., 637

Manning, Bowman & Co., 649, 701

Manthey-Zorn Laboratories, 653

Mantsaka c., ill., 142

Manual of Pharmacology, Sollman, q., 182

Manufacture, U.S., 298

Many, Daniel, 507

Marac, 682

Maracaibo c., 348, 349, 365

Maragogipe c., 345, 367

Maragogipe, C., hyb., 140
India, 227

Marat, 94

Marchand, pat., 640

M'Ardell (mezzotinter), 84, 584

Marden & Folger, 506, 507

Marden & Myrick, 505

Margins, 329, 333, 335

Mariahalden, 519, 520

Marie Antoinette, 96

Marilhat, 591

[Pg 785]Marion Harland c.-pot., 645, 699

Market names, 191
(See also Characteristics)

Marlborough, Earl of, 109

Marmontel, 98

Marquis de Someruelas, v., 468

Marshall, q., 183

Martelley, Lewis, pat., 624, 699

Martin, pat., 485, 640

Martin & Co., N., 485

Martinique c., 350, 363

Martinique, Histoire de la, Daney, q., 8

Martinique, La, Pardon, q., 8

Marvell, 60

Mary, Queen, 601

Mason, Fred, 689

Mason, L.F., 479

Mason, Marcus, pat., 246, 248, 469

Mason & Co., Marcus, 248, 469

Mason & Thompson, 476

Mason machines, 264

Masons, Grand Lodge, 110

Masons, St. Andrew's Lodge, 111

Mass. Inst. of Technology
Scientific research, 453, 457, 515, 714, 717

Massieu, Abbé Gulllaume, q., 14, 544

Matagalpa c., 347, 360

Materia Medica and Pharmacology, Culbreth, q., 181

Materia Medica, Pharmacy and Therapeutics, Potter, q., 181

Materia Medica, Therapeutics and Pharmacology, Butler, q., 179

Matheson, S., 482

Matheson, Jr. & Co., S., 482

Mattari, c., 351, 368

Mattei, q., 180

Maumenet, q., 548

Mauran, C.S., 502

Mauritiana, C., 138, 146
Caffein content, 147, 161

Maury, Joseph E., 515

Maximilian Frederick, Elector, q., 47

Maxwell, q., 165

Maxwell House (brand), 441

Mayer Bros. & Co., 482

Mayflower, v., 108, 616
Mortar and pestle, ill., 105

Mayne, 585

Mayot, 96

Mazagran, Café, 92, 655, 682

Mazerolles, S., 591

McBride, R.P., 482, 499

McCann, Alfred W., 398, 399

McCarthy Bros., 488

McChesney & Sons, 488

McClean, Jemmy (see Maclaine)

McCord, Brady Co., 508

McCready, William, 479

McCreery, Henry F., 480

McCreery, R.W., 511;
q., 427

McDonald, Duncan, 521, 522

McDonald & Arbuckle, 521

McDonald & Arbuckles, 522

McDonald & Glynn, 482

McFadden, J.M., 513

McFadden & Bro., George H., 480

McFarland, A., 508

McGarty, M.J., 399

McGill. A., q., 687

McKinnon, William, 245

McKinnon & Co., Ltd., Wm., 245

McLaughlin, Frederick, 502

McLaughlin, George D., 502

McLaughlin, William F., 502

McLaughlin & Co., W.F., 443, 502

McLaughlin & Co., W.H., 484

McMaster, John Bach, q., 468

McMullin, John, 612

McNeil & Higgins, 502

McNeil & Higgins Co., 502

McNeil, Thomas, 494

McNulty, John R., 479, 491

McNulty & Co., J.R., 479

McReynolds, Attorney General, 533

Meacock, James, pat., 245

Mead, Dr., 582

Meal Market, New York, 119

Meat-packers in c. trade, 514

Mechanic's Magazine, London, 585

Medellins (c.), 348, 364

Medical News, per., q., 183

Medical Record, per., q., 185

Medical Times, per., q., 176

Medicinal properties of c., 12, 26, 27, 38, 45, 56, 58, 71, 72, 173–188
Due to caffein content, 182

Medicine
C. first used as, 693
Café au lait used as, 696

Meditations, Brillat-Savarin, q., 697

Medium (see Grinds)

Medium roast, 336, 388

Meehan, Charles L., 535

Meehan, P.C., 476, 477

Meehan & Co., P.C., 477

Meehan & Schramm, 477

Meidinger, q., 565

Meilhat, 594

Meisner, Leonhard Ferdinand, 46, 543

Meith, Hugo, 591

Mejia, E., 488

Melangé, Café, 671

Melaye, S., 548

Mellon Inst. of Industrial Research, 714

Memoirs, Diderot, 98

Memoirs, Sherman, q., 563

Menado c., 355, 374

Menda & Co., 340

Mendel, q., 185

Menezes, T. Langgaard de, ill., 446

Mengai, 694

Menico, 28

Menier, 566

Menosperma, C., hyb., 138

Menown, Hugh, 631

Menown, H. & J., 502

Menown & Gregory, 631

Men's Answer to Women's Petition, The, pamph., 71

Menslichen Genussmittel, q., 147

Mental and Motor Efficiency
Effect of caffein on, 186
Effect of tea on, 186

Menzel, Adolph, 591

Merchants Coffee Co. of N.O., Ltd., 505

Merchants Exchange (New York), 123

Merck & Co., 473

Mercure de France, q., 8

Meridas (c.), 349, 365

Merrill & Co., S.C., 487

Merritt & Ronaldson, 499

Merwin & Co., Geo. A., 499

Mery, C.D., 548

Messenger & Co., Thomas H., 480

Metchnikoff, q., 178

Metropolitan Mills, 494, 495

Mexicans (c.), 345, 338, 359

Meyer (chemist), 164

Meyer, B., 535

Meyer, Fred W., 502

Meyer, Robert, 510, 511, 513

Meyerheim, Paul, 591

M'Ginley, Joseph, 492

M'Gregor, Coll., 476

Michaud, I.F. and L.G., q., 8

Michelet, q., 98

Microscopy of c., 149–153
Analysis, value, 152

Microscopy of Vegetable Foods, Winton, q., 150

Midland Spice Co., 508

Milde, 591

Milds (market name), 341, 345
(See also Characteristics)

Milk in coffee, 38, 58, 399, 665
Effect of, 178
First used by Nieuhoff (1660), 696

Millar & Co., E.B., 502

Millar Spice Co., E.B., 502

Miller, Chas. A., 480

Miller, Harry, 480

Miller, Rev. James, 555;
q., 554

Miller, R.O., 501, 514

Miller, Watts, 480

Miller, W.H., 488

Miller & Walbridge, 480

Miller, Smith & Co., 485

Milling (see also Cleaning), 383

Milreis, 336

Milton, John, 60;
q., 549

Miner, W.H., 505

Minerva, v., 128

Minford, Thomas, 479

Minford & Co., L.W., 479, 485

Minford, Lueder & Co., 477, 479

Minford, Thompson & Co., 479

Mingo, Cirilo, pat., 471

Minkowski, 185

Minor, W.H., 485

Minott, Samuel, 609

Minute (brand), 539

Minute, Café à la, 708

Mirror, London, per., 585

Misbranding
Condemned by N.C.R.A., 513
Rulings (U.S.), 337, 338

Mitchell, George, 478

Mitchell, William L., 478

Mitchell Bros., 478

Mixing (see Blending)

Mixtures, Strange c., 56, 57

Moat With the Crimson Stains, The, Champney, q., 563, 564

Mocengio, 27

Mocha c., 230, 351, 353, 368, 369

Mocha longberry c., 228

Mocha-seed Bourbon-Santos c., 341, 366

Mocha-seed Santos (grade), 260

Modern Italian Poets, Howells, q., 548, 549

Moegling, Carl, inv., 647

Mogeneti, C. (caffein content), 147, 161

Mohammed, 14, 15, 19, 20, 38, 54

Mohammed IV, 49, 50, 91

Mohedano, José Antonio, 9

Mohns-Frese Com. Co., 488

Moir, John R., 535

Mokaska Mfg. Co., 485, 508

Mokkæ, C., hyb., 138

Molded beans, 170

Molke, 9

Molmenti, Pompeo, q., 27, 28

Moncrieff (dramatist), 572

Moncrieff, Alexander, chk., 572

Moneuse, Élie, pat., 469, 639

Monin, Sieur, q., 696

Monitor machines, 248

Monk, General, 59, 69

Monkey coffee, 136

Monroe, James (Pres.), 113

Monstruo (grade), 261

Montagu, Lady Mary Wortley, 573

Montague, q., 551

Monte Carmelo c., 350, 365

Montealegre & Co., 487, 488

Montesquieu, 100

Montuori, q., 176

Moore, Alexander Duncan, pat., 623

Moore, C.T., 508

Moore, Dr., q., 179

Moore & Co., Geo. A., 488

Mopsy, 579

Moréas, Jean, chk., 102

Morewood, T.C., pat., 642

Morey Mercantile Co., C.S., 508

Morgan, Charles, 644;
pat., 645, 653

Morgan, Edward H., 644

Morgan Brothers, 644

Morize, pat., 623, 699, 708

Morley, W.T., 513

Morning Advertiser, Lond., newsp., 585

Morning Chronicle, London, newsp., 585

Morning Herald, Lond., newsp., 585

Morning Post, Lond., newsp., 585

Morosini, Gianfrancesco, 26

Morrison, S.B., 497

Morrison, Wm. J., 498

Morrison & Bolnest Co., 498

Morton, Robert, 69

Mosely, Dr. Benjamin, q., 2, 38

Moser (artist), 584

Mosso, Ugolino, q., 186

Most excellent virtues of the mulberry called coffee (1671), 34

Mother (grade), 258

Mother of cafés (Vienna), 50

Motion pictures, 443, 455, 514

Mott & Williams, 494

Mottant, A., 641, 645

Muddiman, 59

Mudiford, 58

[Pg 786]Muhlberg, R. pat., 638

Muller, Frederick H., pat., 653, 702

Munden, Admiral, 86, 559

Murdock, Charles A., 506

Murdock & Co., C.A., 508

Murdock Mfg. Co., C.A., 506

Murger, Henry, 98

Murphy, Arthur, 584;
q., 579

Murray, Sir James, 699;
q., 1

Murray, James H., 496

Murray, Robert, 475

Murta, C., hyb. 138

Musgrave, James, 612

Music, C. in, 593–599

Music in coffee houses, 656, 666, 667, 669

Mustapha, Kara, 49, 50

Mustard in c., 58, 696

Myer, pat., 162, 473

Myers, Myer, 612

Mylne (architect), 584

Mysore c., 351, 369

Myrtle c. (Mexico), 222


Nabob (brand), 441

Nairon, Antoine Faustus, 16, 27, 543

Nakhel douin (palm), 266

Nalpasse, Valentin, q., 175, 176, 177, 179

Names for c. (English and foreign), 1, 2, 3

Names of places (see Note, p. 769)

Nancy (tea ship) v., 120

Naphew, Charles, 479

Napier, Robert, inv., 637, 699, 700

Napier & Co., 486

Napier & Sons, Robert, 699

Narcotism, Effect of c. on, 181

Narghil (palm), 266

Narghillai, 663, 664, 665, 668
(Also nargile, narguileh)

Nash Grocery Co., George, 503

Nash, Smith & Co., 502

Nash-Smith Tea & Coffee Co., 503

Nashville Coffee & Mfg. Co., 509

Nason, James H., pat., 637

Nat'l Ass'n of Retail Grocers of the U.S., 428

Nat'l Chain Store Grocers' Ass'n., 417, 418

National coffee day, 513

Nat'l C. Roasters Ass'n., 323, 439, 448, 473, 474, 509–515
Better c. making com., 713–717
Brewing recommendations, 717
Conventions, 512–515
Dues, 514
Freight forwarding bureau, 323
Home mill, 652
Industrial Expositions, 514, 515, 654
Membership, 511–514

National C. Roasters Traffic and Pure Food Ass'n., 510, 511

National Coffee Week, 439, 455, 473, 474, 514

Nat'l Packaging Machinery Co., 443, 472

Nat'l Retail Tea and Coffee Merchants' Ass'n., 417

National Review, per., q., 74

Nature, Café, 683

Nature of the Drink Kauhi, The, Pocoke's trans. q., 12, 38

Nature, quality and most excellent virtues of c., The (broadside), ill., 69, 70

Navarro, Francisco Xavier, 9, 225

Nave & McCord Merc. Co., 485

Nave-McCord Mfg. Co., 508

Negro plot (New York, 1737), 118

Neidlinger & Schmidt, 499

Nelson, Charles, pat., 649

Nepenthe, 12

Nervous system, Effect of c. on, 174, 175

Netherlands E. India Co., 43, 44, 283, 291, 294

Netherlands West India Co., 105

Neutral (see Flavors)

Nevers, George J., 479

Nevill, 60

Nevison, J., 631

New and curious coffee-house, etc., The, per., 45, 433

New Caledonia c., 356, 374

New Guinea c., 355, 374

New Discoveries, etc., Paschius, q., 13

New England Automatic Weighing Machine Co., 471

Newbold, William, 479

Newell, pat., 246

Newhall, H.B., 501

Newmark, H., 509

Newmark, Maurice H., 509

Newmark & Co., H., 509

Newmark & Co., M.A., 509

New Orleans Coffee Co., 485, 505

New uses for c., 457

New View of London (1708), Hatton, 54

New York
Coffee and Sugar Exchange (See Exchanges)
Daily Advertiser, q., 434, 468
Dock Co., 319, 532
Gazette, per., q., 118
Historical Soc., 474, 591
Hospital, 124
Journal, per. (1775) q., 115
Stock and Exchange Board, 123

News from the coffee house (broadside) q., ill., 68, 69

Newstadt, Emil, pat., 645

Niblo, William, chk., 121, 124
(See also Gardens)

Nicaraguas (c.), 347, 360, 361

Nicholson, David, 502

Niemuhr, Karstens, 543;
q., 22

Nielsen, Thorlief S.B., 520

Niessen, von, pat., 158, 167

Nieuhoff, 543, 696

Niles, G.M., q., 175

Nonnenbruch, q., 185

Nordlinger, Henry, 482

Nordlinger & Co., Henry, 482

Norris, G.W., 532, 533

North, Roger, q., 72, 570

Norton, Edward, 471

Norton, Weyl & Beven, 482

Norton & Holyoke, 434

Nossack & Co., 340

Notes and Queries, per., q., 1

Nurseries, 200, 205

Nutmeg in c., 696

Nutrio Mfg. Co., 501

Nutt, Jr., F.T., 535


Oaxaca c., 345, 358

Oberholtzer, Ellis Paxson, q., 125

O'Brien, 579

O'Brien, E.H., 455, 488

O'Brien, Jonas P., 482

O'Brien, Joseph A., 482, 491

Oceana, Harrington, 60

O'Donohue, Charles A., 123

O'Donohue, John, 480, 498

O'Donohue, John B., 123, 498

O'Donohue, Joseph J., 480

O'Donohue, Peter, 480, 498

O'Donohue & Co., J.B., 485

O'Dononue & Sons, John, 480

O'Donohue & Sons, Joseph J., 477, 480

O'Donohue & Stewart, 498

O'Donohue Coffee Co., 498

O'Donohue's Sons, John, 338, 485, 498

Oelschlager (see Olearius)

Of the Excellent Qualities, etc., Rumford, q., 697, 698

Ogden & Co., George, 501

Ogilby, 571

Ohio Coffee & Spice Co., 508

Oils, Coffee, 164, 711, 712

O'Krassa, R.F.E., pat., 247, 248

Olavarria, J.D., 471

Old Dutch Mills, 482

Old Ground Coffee Works, 492

Old Judge (brand), 441

Old Homestead (brand), 441

Old Master (brand), 441

Old Reserve (brand), 441

Oldys, William, q., 53

Olearius, Adam, q., 22, 45, 543

Olendorf, Case & Gillespie, 478

Olivier, Abbé, 548

Omar, Sheik, 13, 14, 655

Opera: Le Café du Roi, Meilhat and Deffes, 594

Opposition
Commercial
England, 64, 74
Medical
Cairo, 19
Germany, 46
Marseilles, 32, 33
Mecca, 17
Political
Constantinople, 293
England (c. houses), 72, 293
Proclamation, Charles II, 73
Germany, 46, 47
London, 293
Religious
Cairo, 19
Constantinople, 20, 21
Mecca, 17, 18
Venice, 29
(See also Controversies; Coffee-houses)

Options, 329

Orange Juice, peel, in c., 106

Ordinaries (see Taverns)

O'Reilly, Count, q., 222

Organon salutis (1657), Rumsey's, q., 56, 58

Oriental Trip, Mandelsloh, q., 45

Origin of c., 5, 11, 13–16, 541–542

Orizaba c., 345, 358

Orleans, Regent of, 96, 98

Osborn, Lewis A., 434, 469, 496, 522

Osborn's Celebrated Prepared Java (brand), 434, 469, 496, 522

Oseretzkowsky, q., 186

O'Shaughnessy, John W., 480

O'Shaughnessy & Co., John W., 480

O'Shaughnessy & Sorley, 480

Ostrander, Loomis & Co., 508

O'Sullivan, Eugene, 479

O'Sullivan, James, 479

O'Sullivan & Co., Eugene, 479

Otis, James, 110, 111

Otis, McAllister & Co., 488

Otter v., 127

Otto, Carl Alexander, pat., 640, 641

Outlandish drink, 59

Over the Black Coffee, Gray, q., 713

Overton, John B., 479

Ovington, q., 2

Oxford Coffee Club, 41

Oxford, Lord, 584


Pacific Mail Co., 489, 490

Package coffees
Advantages, disadvantages, 408, 409
Deterioration, 168
Early (U.S.), 469, 470, 522
First crude (1791), 491, 492
France, 680
Great Britain, 673

Packaging economics, 410, 412

Packaging machinery, 383, 402–404
United States patents, 470

Packard & James, 494

Padang, v., 317

Padang Interior c., 355, 371

Page, Judge, q., 570

Page, Thomas, pat., 637

Painter, John (see Paynter)

Pal, q., 184

Palaces, C. (see Coffee houses)

Paladino, q., 159

Palais Royal (Paris), 96, 102

Palambang c., 355, 372

Palatability aid to digestion, 180

Palgrave, q., 658–661

Palmer, David, 480

Palmer, Harvey H., 480

Palmer & Co., H.H., 480

Palmer, Warner & Co., 508

Paludanus, Bernard Ten Broeke, q., 2, 35, 41

Pamela, Richardson, 80

Pamphlets (see Broad-sides)

Panamas (c.), 348, 361

Pan-American Congress, 472

[Pg 787]Panics, U.S., 528–530
(See also Booms and panics)

Panter, William, pat., 245

Paradise Lost, Milton, 584

Parché, Café, en (Guadeloupe), 257

Parchment, 136, 138, 149, 150

Pardon, q., 8

Parent & Co., J.A., 508

Parini, Guiseppe, q., 548, 549

Park, Fellowes & Co., 508

Park & Tilford, 484, 499

Parker, Charles, inv., 469, 625

Parker, Edmund, pat., 625, 636

Parker, Gilman L., 501

Parker, John, pat., 634

Parker & Dixon, 503

Parker & Harrison, 503, 635

Parker Co., Charles, 625

Parkes, q., 704

Parkinson, John, 534;
q., 41

Parlin, Charles Coolidge, 441

Parmentier, 8

Parr, 557

Parrott & Co., 487, 488

Parry (Welsh harper), 85, 584

Parry, 543;
q., 36

Parson, 557

Pascal, chk., 33, 92, 94, 554, 619, 670;
q., 432

Paschius, George, q., 13

Patents, U.S., 654

Patrick (lexicographer), 576

Patterson, Robert W., q., 106

Pavoni, Desiderio, pat., 649

Pawinski, q., 185

Payen, q., 694

Paynter, Jonathan, 53, 54

Peabody, B.F., 535

Peaberry, 136, 249
Botanical description, 149

Peaberries, 1st and 2d (grades), 258

Pears in c. (Russia), 686

Pearson, George, 507

Pearson, Peter, pat., 638, 640

Pechey, 543

Peck, Edwin H., 477

Peck, Walter J., 477

Peck, E.H. & W.J., 477, 484

Peck & Co., Edwin H., 477, 479

Peck & Kellum, Benj., 508

Peck, Stowe & Wilcox Co., 644

Pedling
Constantinople, 21
Florence, 670
Italy, 27, 29, 670
Padua, 29
Paris, 92, 93, 94, 96
Vienna, 51

Pedrocchi, Antonio, chk., 29, 599

Peeling (see Hulling)

Pellicularia tokeroga (see Diseases)

Pemberton, John, 128, 129

Penn, John, 127, 129

Penn, Letitia, 128

Penn, William, 105, 115, 125, 126, 467

Pennsylvania Gazette, newsp., q., 126, 127

Pennsylvania Journal, newsp., 127, 128

Penny-change plan, 427

Penny Magazine, per., q., 704

Penny universities, 73

Peonage (see Labor)

Pepion, John, 508

Pepys, Samuel, q., 59, 554, 561, 574, 582

Percolator, The, per., q., 521

Percolators
Acker's Mo-Kof-Fee, 645
testing-table, 649
two cylinder (1905), 645
Andrews's pumping (1841), 700
Bohemian, 654
Bouillon Muller's steam, 708
Bowman's valve-type (1876), 637
Bruning's vacuum jacket (1920), 653
Cafetière Sené (1815), 699
Carlsbad, 654
Chamberlain's automatic, 652
De Belloy's (1800), 621, 622, 697, 708
De Santais' hydrostatic, 629
Durant's pumping, 625, 699
First French patent (1806), 699
Galt (1914), 652, 701
Gandais' pumping, 625, 699
German (plug in spout), 708
Glass "balloons", 627
Hadrot's "filter", 621, 699
Half-minute (1881), 701
Hutchinson's, 710
Jones's pumping, 704
Kellum (1906), 649
Kin-Hee (1900), 701
Laurens' pumping, 623, 699
Laurent's steam "whistling," 708
Malen's, 708
Marion Harland, 645, 696
Mo-Kof-Fee (Acker's), 645
Morize's reversible, 623, 699
Nason's fluid-joint (1865), 637
Nelson's patents (1912–13), 649
Phylax (1914), 652, 701, 702
Potsdam, 710
Preterre's vacuum (1849), 634
Pumping discussed, 714, 715
(first, 1819), 623
Rabauts reversed (1822), 699
Raparlier's glass "filter", 708
Reversible double drip, 623
Rumford's (1806–12), 621, 622, 623, 697, 698
Rumford type, 705
Russian egg-shaped, 708
Savage's patent (1906), 649
Smart's patent (1919), 653
Star (1886), 645
Sternau's patent (1904), 649
Universal (1901), 647
Vanderweyde's patent (1866), 637
Vardy's vacuum urn, 627, 699
Vassieux' glass (1842), 627, 700
Vienna, 638, 639
Viennese type, 708
Warner's patent (1906), 649

Percolation
Defined, 621, 698
Discussed (Trigg), 720, 721
N.C.R.A. recommendations, 718

Percy, Reuben, pseud., 585

Percy, Sholto, pseud., 585

Perez & Sons, Juan Pablo, 340

Perfect cup of c., 721–723

Perfect Vacuum Canning Co., 471

Perfumed c., 59, 695

Pergamino, Café en (grade), 261

Perieri, C., 146

Persecution (see Opposition)

Persian letters, Montesquieu, q., 109

Perus (c.), 350, 367

Pests (see Diseases)

Peters, J., q., 467

Petit, q., 12

Petring, G.H., 510

Petty, Sir William, 60

Pharmaceutical Journal, per., q., 156

Pharmaceutice Rationalis, Willis, q., 58

Pharmacological-chemical brewing device, 699

Pharmacology, Cushing, q., 179

Pharmacology of c., 174–188

Phelps, Jr., Edward A., 495, 499

Philadelphia Commission of Inspection, 467

Philidor, 96, 98

Philipp, John, 591

Philippines (c.), 355, 375

Philios, Ambrose, 80, 576, 577, 578

Phillipi, Peter, 591

Phillips, Sir Richard, 578, 585

Phillips & Co., M., 488

Philology (see Etymology)

Phipps, Sir William, 111

Phipps & Co., J.L., 476, 482, 484, 486

Phoenix, John, 482

Phoenix & Co., J.W., 482

Phoenix Electrical Heating Co., 647

Phyfe, James W., 480

Phyfe & Co., Jas. W., 480

Phonetic difficulties, 1

Physique Sacrée, on Histoire Naturelle de la Bible, Scheuzer, q., 13, 16

Piccander, q., 595

Picking c., 250
Colombia, 260

Pickslay, Joseph D., 477, 535

Pictures
Afternoon in the court gardens, Munich, Walle's, 591
Afternoon at the coffee table, Meith's, 591
Button's coffee house, Shepherd's, ill., 593
Café en Asia Mineure, De Ternamine's, 591
Café sur un route de Syrie, Marilhat's, 591
Café Turc, Descamp's, 591
Coffee comes to the aid of the Muse, Ruffio's, ill., 591
Coffee house at Cairo, Gérôme's, ill., 591, 656
Decorative panel for Paris House, Mazerolles', 591
Dutch coffee house of 1650, Van Ostade's, ill., 587
First coffee house in Vienna, Schams', ill., 590
Four times of the day, Hogarth's, ill., 587
French coffee house, Rowlandson's, 593
Goldoni in a Venetian café, Longhi's, ill., 588
Kaffeebesuch Phillipi's, ill., 591
Lion's head at Button's, Shepherd's, ill., 591
Mad dog in a coffee house, Rowlandson's, ill., 593
Manager Classen and his family, Milde's, 591
Mme. de Pompadour, Van Loo's, ill., 588
Mme. Du Barry at Versailles, Decreuse's, ill., 589, 590
Napoleon and the curé, Charlet's, ill., 593
Old woman with coffee cup, Philipp's, 591
Oriental coffee house, Meyerhelm's, 591
Parisian boulevard café, Menzel's, 591
Pastor Rautenberg and his Family, Milde's, 591
Petit déjeuner, Boucher's, ill., 588
Rake's progress, Hogarth's, ill., 587
Slaughter's coffee house, Shepherd's, ill., 593
Sweets shop of Josty in Berlin, Schmidt's, 591
Tom's coffee house, Shepherd's, ill., 593
Tontine coffee house, Guy's, 593
Washington's official welcome to New York, Gruppe's, ill., 593

Pictures, C. in, 587–593

Pierce, Jr., O.W., 509

Pierce, Sr., Oliver Webster, 509

Pierce & Co., O.W., 509

Piers, steel-roofed (N.O.), 325

Pilcher, q., 184

Pinzon & Co., 338

Pioneer Mills, 508

Pique, R., q., 156

Piron, 94

Pitt, William, 580

Pitt & Sons, C.F., 485

Place, E.B., 482

Place, J.K., 482

Places, names of (see Note, p. 769)

Plantation machinery, 245–248
Brazil, 207
Salvador, 217

Plantation machines
Guardiola drier, 255
Planet Junior, 207

Plantation preparation, 201
Arabia, 197

Plantation processes, 245–271
Abyssinia, 268
Angola, 268
Arabia, 245, 264, 266, 268
Brazil, 258–261
[Pg 788]Colombia, 260
Guatemala, 263
Haiti, 264
Java, 268, 269, 271
Mexico, 263
Netherlands E. Indies, 268, 269, 271
Nicaragua, 264
Porto Rico, 264
Salvador, 263
Sumatra, 268, 269
Venezuela, 261, 263

Plantations
Abyssinia, yield per acre, 228
Angola
Cazengo, 230
Australia, yield per acre, 239
Brazil (fazendas)
Araqua, 208
Azevedo, L. de O., 208
Caféeria São Paulo, 208
Capital invested, 207
do Val, F.S., 208
Dumont, ill., 205, 208, 258
Ellis, Alfredo, 208
Irmaos, Alves, 208
Oliveira, 208
Principal, 208
Ribeirao Preto, ill., 208
São Martinho, 208
São Paulo Coffee Co., 208
Schmidt, 208, 258
Ceylon, first British, (1825) 237
Colombia, 211, 212
Namay, 212
Cuba, number, 282
Guadeloupe, yield per acre, 233
Hawaii, yield per acre, 241
India
Cannon's Baloor, 227
Hoskahn, 227
Mylemoney, 227
Santaverre, 227
Sumpigay Kahn, 227
Yield per acre, 227
Java
Jakatra, 44
Kedawoeng estate, 6
Typical, A., 269, 271
Mexico
Orduna, 220
Porto Rico
Capital invested, 223
Yield per acre, 223, 225
Salvador, first (1876), 217
Sumatra
Gadoeng Batoe, ill., 217
Venezuela (haciendas)
Altamira, ill., 212
Carmen, ill., 213
Yield per acre, 213

Planting (see also Propagation), 200

Plants of Egypt, Alpini, 26

Plants, Roasting, ill., 379, 381, 383, 385

Platow, Moritz, pat., 627, 699

Platt, Jr., James, q., 1

Plays
Autocrat of the Coffee Stall, The, Chapin, 556, 563
Beaux' Stratagem, Farquhar, q., 587, 588
Bold Stroke for a Wife, A, Centlivre, q., 554
Boston, first performed in, 111
Bottega di Caffè, La, Goldoni, 555
Café; ou, l'Ecossaise, Le, Voltaire, 556
Caffè, Le, Rosseau, 554, 555
Caffè di Campagna, Il, Galuppi, 556
Caffettiéra da Spirito, La, 556
Coffee House, The, Rosseau, 88
Coffee House; or, Fair Fugitive, The, Voltaire, q., 556
Coffee-House Politician, The, Fielding, q., 554, 555
Devin du Village, Rousseau, 102
"English comedy," q., 61
Foire St. Germain, La, Dancourt (1696), q., 554
Hamilton, Hamlin and Arliss, q., ill., 556
Persian Wife, The, Goldoni, q., 556
Socrates, Voltaire, 556
Tarugo's Wiles; or, the Coffee House, St. Serf, q., 554

Pleasure gardens (see Gardens)

Pletzer, q., 185

Pluehart, inv., 710

Plunket (highwayman), 578

Pneumatic Scale Corp., 471, 472

Pneumatic Scale Corp., Ltd., 471

Pocoke, Edward, q., 12, 38

Pods, 329

Poemata Didascalia, d'Olivet, 543

Poems
"As long as Mocha's happy tree," Pope's, q., 549
Ballad of the South Sea Scheme, Swift, q., 571
Bouquet Blanc et le Bouquet Noir, Le, Mery, 548
Café, Le (anon.), 548
Café, Le, Berchoux, 548
Caffè, Il, Barotti, 548
Cap and Bells, Keats, q., 550
Carmen Caffaeum, Massieu, q., 14, 544–547
City Mouse and Country Mouse, Prior and Montague, q., 551
Coffee, Saltus, q., 552
Coffee—a Chanson (music by Colet), ill., 594, 595
Coffee and Crumpets, "Littledo," q., 550, 551
C. Companion (from Arabic), q., 543
Coffee Slips, The, Hood, q., 550
Comus, Milton, q., 549
de Clieu, Esménard, q., 8, 548
Flogé du Café, L'Estienne, 548
Frugality, Pope Leo XIII, q., 549
Gilbert K. Chesterton Rises to the Toast of C., Untermeyer, q., 553
Giorno, Il, Parini, q., 548, 549
Grandeur de Dieu dans les Merveilles de la Nature, La, 548
In Praise of C. (from Arabic), q., 542
Like His Mother Used to Make, Riley, q., 552
Lines (appended to broadside) Morton, ill., 69
Lines on C. (from French), 548
Long Story, A, Gray, q., 576
Ode to Coffee, Price, q., 553
Over the Black Coffee, Gray, q., 552, 553
Pity for Poor Africans, Cowper, q., 550
Plantes, Les, Castel, q., 548
Rape of the Lock, Pope, q., 550
Recipe for Making C., Hodhat, q., 663
Royal Drummer (Paris) q., 96
Rules and orders of the C. house (broadside) q., 60, 61
Song from The Coffee House, Fielding, q., ill., 555
Three Reigns of Nature, Delille, q., 547
To the Mighty Monarch, King Kauhee, Sephton, q., 552
To the Coffee House, Altenberg, q., 549
To Pasqua Rosée, q., 54
(Unnamed), Belighi, 547
(Unnamed), Lloyd, q., 584
Verses, Maumenet, q., 548
Wealthy Shopkeeper; or, Charitable Christian, q., 572
What Every Wife Knows, Rowland, q., 553–554

Poetry, C. in, 542–554

Poffenberger, Jr., A.T., q., 723

Poison, C. a, 58, 174

Polished C., rulings (U.S.), 337, 338

Polishing machinery, 247, 248, 257

Political liberty; England's won in coffee houses, 74

Politics, C. and, 59, 62

Polli, Pietro, 558

Pollitzer, q., 176

Polstorff, K., 159, 160

Ponfold, Schuyler & Co., 482

Poore, G.W., q., 705, 707

Pop open, 389

Pope, Alexander, 78, 80, 81, 575, 576, 577, 578, 583;
q., 549, 550
Life of, Carruthers, q., 549

Popularity of c. in U.S.; reasons for, 106

Portable c. making devices
French (1691–1754), 618
Turkish, 615, 616, 617

Portable grinding machines, 685

Portal, Antoine, q., 58

Porthandling charges
Brazil, 306, 315
New York, 323

Porthandling methods, U.S., 513

Porter, David (Capt.), 112

Porter, David D. (Admiral), 112

Porter, Horace, Gen., q., 563

Porter & Co., W.J., 480

Porto Rico Coffee Co., 488

Porto Rico Planters' Protective Ass'n, 444, 445

Porto Ricos (c.), 350, 362

Posadas, J.Z., 488

Postman, London, per., 560

Postulart, pat., 640

Pot and Kettle, The, Lally, q., 570

Potter, pat., 167

Potter, Dr., q., 181

Potter, Ellis M., 498;
pat., 642

Potter & Parlin, 503

Potter Coffee Co., 498

Potter-Parlin Co., 471, 641, 642

Potter-Parlin Spice Mills, 498

Potter, Sloan, O'Donohue Co., 498

Pounding c., 697, 705

Poursine & Co., P., 486

Poursini & Co., R., 505

Powdered (see Grinds)

Power, q., 155

Power-Chestnut method, 172

Prado, Paulo da Silva, 532, 534

Praedium Rusticum, Vaniére, 543

Pratt, A.H., 502

Pratt, David S., pat., 539

Preanger c., 355, 373

Pregnancy, Effect of c. on, 177

Premium for early shipping (Santos), 314

Premium distribution, retail, 429

Premiums, 412, 413
Arbuckle, 522, 525

Prendergast Bros., 482

Prentiss & Page, 637

Prepared Coffee, 404

Prescott, Prof. S.C., 515, 714;
q., 717

Preterre, Apoleoni P., pat., 634

Price, William A., q., 553

Prices
Advance notice of change, 514
Beverage
Constantinople, 665
London, 675, 677
(1662), 582
(1677), 73
Blends, retail, U.S. (1922), 722, 723
Green
American colonies, 467, 475
Amsterdam (1810–12), 468
England (1719), 74
New York (1670), 105
(1683), 125
(1898), 471
(1903), 472
(1919), 474
Netherlands (early), 44
Netherlands E. Indies, 312
United States
Early, 475
(1814), 468
(1880–93), 527, 530
(1911), 532
(1913), 538
(1921), 299, 330
War-time, 536–538
Guaranteeing, 514
Roasted
New York (1791), 492
Roasting (1885), 509

Prideaux, W.F., q., 1, 2

Priest, William, 612

Primera (grade), 261

[Pg 789]Primero (grade), 264

Prims, J.C., pat., 473, 643

Prior 89;
q., 551, 575

Pritchard, George W., 480

Pritchard & Sons, Geo. W., 480

Private Estate (brand), 496

Private estates
Java, 214, 215
Netherlands E. Indies, 283, 312

Probst & Co., F., 482

Proceedings, Society of Antiquaries (1889), q., 602, 603

Procope, François, chk., 94

Proctor, Charles E., 538

Producing countries, leading, 191

Production
Abyssinia, 284
Africa, British E., 229, 285
German E. (1913), 229
Angola (1913), 229
Arabia, 282
Argentina, 279
Australia, 284
Bolivia, 279
Brazil, 273, 275, 277
(1850), 205
(1887–1902), 528–530
(1903, 1906), 472
(1906–07), 534
Santos passes Rio (1900–01), 530
Cape Verde Islands (1916), 229
Celebes, 217, 283
Ceylon, 236, 282, 283
Chile, 279
Colombia, 211, 278
Congo, Belgian, 229
Costa Rica, 225, 280
Cuba, 282
Dominican Republic, 281
Ecuador, 278
Eritrea (1918), 229
Federated Malay States, 284
Gold Coast, 285
Guadeloupe, 281, 282
Guam, 284
Guatemala, 219, 225, 280
Guiana, British and French, 279
Dutch, 236, 279
Haiti, 220, 281
Hawaii, 239, 284
Honduras, 234, 280
British, 235, 280
India, 282
Jamaica, 281
Java, 215, 283
Liberia (1917), 229
Madagascar (1918), 229
Martinique, 282
Mauritius, 285
Mexico, 280, 281
Netherlands E. Indies, 283
Nicaragua, 280
Nigeria, 285
Nyasaland, 285
Oaxaca (Mex.), 220
Panama, 235, 280
Paraguay, 236, 279
Peru, 278
Philippines, 284
Porto Rico, 281
Réunion (Bourbon), 285
Salvador, 225, 279, 280
Sierra Leone, 285
Somali Coast (French), 285
Somaliland (Fr. and It.), 229
(British), 285
St. Thomas and Princes I.'s, 229
Sumatra, 217
Uganda, 229, 285
Uruguay, 279
Venezuela, 212
World (1883–1921), 273
(1901–02), 531
(Statistical Table), 274

Production and Consumption, 273–285

Prohibition, U.S.
Effect on consumption, 288, 689

Prolongation of Life, Metchnikoff, q., 178

Propagation
Cuttings, 138, 200
Grafting, 200
Seeds, 138, 200
Arabia, 231

Proteins in c., 693, 718, 719
Dearth in beverage, 180

Provang, 56

Pruning, 133, 202, 203
Angola, 230

Publick Adviser, per., q., ill., 56, 432, 581

Public Ledger, London, per., 327

Publicity, National campaign, 513

Publishers' Information Bureau, 441

Puerto Cabello c., 348, 364

Puhl, John, 502

Puhl-Webb Co., 502

Pulp, uses, 136, 156

Pulping, 250, 251

Pulping machinery, 245, 246, 247, 248, 252, 254

Puna c., 356, 375

Pupke, John F., 482, 496

Pupke & Reid, 482, 496, 499, 635

Pupke, Reid & Phelps, 496

Purcell, Alexander H., 477

Purcell, Joseph, 477, 480, 535

Purcell & Co., Alex. H., 477

Purser (artist), 668

Purchas his pilgrimes, q., 36

Purchas, Samuel, 36

Purdy, L.J., 479

Pure Food and Drugs Act, 337, 338, 410, 472, 722

Purin Bodies of Food Stuffs, Hall, q., 184

Purity Dried Fruits Cleansing Co., 471

Purpurescens, C., hyb., 140

Pyriform c.-pot, 604

Pythagoras, 13


Qăhvăh, 2

Qahwah, 1

Quadri, Giorgio, 28

Quakers (imperfections), 329

Quarry, Col., 126

Queen Anne, 82

Queen Mary, 601

Queensberry, Duchess of, 572

Quelle, Ralph J., pat., 648

Quick roast, 387, 388

Quillou, C., 146
Java, 216

Quillouensis, C., 146

Quin, James, 580, 583

Quinby & Co., W.S., 501

Quincy, Dr., 543

Quotation relationship (table), 330

Quotations
Daily, how determined, 335
Foreign, 336


Rabaut, L.B., pat., 623, 627, 699

Racine, 91, 565

Radcliffe, John, 77, 572

Rainfall requirements, 198

Raleigh, Sir Walter, 42

Rambaldi, Angelo, 558;
q., 696

Rameau's Nephew, Diderot, q., 96

Ramos, Augusto, 531

Ramos, Francisco F., 534

Ramponaux, Jean, chk., 94, 96

Rand, George, 480

Randall, John, 479

Ranelagh (see Gardens)

Ransom, Amos, pat., 625

Raparlier, pat., 637

Rape of the lock, Pope, 80

Rapid-filtration devices
de Mattel's patent (1920), 653
Express, 651
Italiana Sovereign, L., 651
J. & S. (Still's), 674
Victoria Arduino, La, (1909–20), 651

Rapid-infusion devices
Bezzara system, 649, 651
Ideale, ill., 651
Malthey-Zorn centrif., 653, 654

Rapid-percolation device
Loysel's hydrostatic, 708

Rasch, Anthony, 612

Rasis ad Almans (see Rhazes)

Rauwolf, Leonhard, 43, 45, 431, 541, 543;
q., 2, 12, 25

Ray, John, 42, 543

Ray & Co., Winthrop G., 478, 479, 480

Razi, El (see Rhazes)

Ready and easy way to establish a free commonwealth, Milton, 60

Reamer, Sr., Abraham, 480

Reamer, Turner & Co., 480

Rebagging
New York, 322, 338
Santos, 304, 306

Rebellious antidote (broadside), q., 58

Recipes, dessert's, etc., 723, 724

Reconditioning, 322

Recovery, v., 468

Red Can (brand), 441

Red D Line, 482

Red E (brand), 538

Red pottage, 13

Red Ribbon (brand), 441

Reed, Charles, 127

Reed, Charles B., q., 557

Reed, Nathan, pat., 245, 469

Reeve, Daniel, 482

Reeve & Van Riper, 482

Reeve, Case & Banks, 479

Re-exports
London, 327
United States (1921), 299, 301, 302

Refining device
Johnston's patent (1913), 652

Reichert, E.T., q., 183

Reid, Thomas, 469, 482, 494, 496, 497, 522, 526

Reid & Co., Thomas, 499

Reid, Murdoch & Fischer, 480, 502

Reiger, q., 184, 185

Reimers & Meyer, 485

Religious associations
Christian, 26
Mohammedan, 15, 16, 17, 22

Remi c., 351, 368

Remington, J.R., pat., 633

Remington, Mortimer, 445

Remmer, Oscar, 502

Renan, 102

Renovating, 158

Renshaw, William, chk., 130

Rentschler, q., 161

Repassing machine, 252

Research, Scientific
Brewing, comparative test, 714, 716
Dawson and Wetherill (1855), 711, 712
Grinds, comparative test, 716
University of Kansas, 714
Mass. Inst. of Technology, 515, 716–718
Mellon Institute, 539
N.C.R.A., 513–515, 539, 713–718
Prescott, 515, 714, 716–718
Robison, 715
Trigg, 539

Restaurants
London
A, B, C (chain), ill., 674, 677
Brit. Tea Table Ass'n., 675
Buzard's cake house, 677
Cabin, 677
Carlton, 678
Corner Houses (chain), 677
Express Dairy Co., 677
Groom's, ill., 674
Lipton's, 677
Lyons (chain), ill., 674, 675, 677
Peel's, 674
Slater's, 675, 677
Temple Bar, ill., 675
Trust-houses, Ltd., 675
Ye Mecca Co., ill., 674
New York
Childs (chain), 691
Dorlon's, 690
Thompson (chain), 691

Restrepo, Dr., q., 181

Retailing, 415–429
Blending, 722
Channels of distribution, 415

Retaliation, Goldsmith, 573, 574

Reuter-Jones Mfg. Co., 649

Revere, Paul, 110, 609, 611;
biog., 612, 613

[Pg 790]Revett, William, q., 2

Revolution
American, 110, 125, 128
French, 100, 102, 293

Revolution, C. and, 18, 20, 31
(See also Democracy: Politics)

Rewards, 50, 51

Reynolds, J. B, 506

Reynolds, Sir Joshua, 81, 88, 574, 580, 585

Reynolds, Hatcher & Pierce, 509

Rhazes, q., 11, 12, 25, 431, 541

Rheumatism, remedy, 182

Rhodes, Benjamin, 477

Rice, W.S., 502

Richards, Charles, 508

Richardson, Charles, 80, 576;
q., 584

Richardson & Lane, 501

Richelieu, Duke of, 96, 98

Richheimer, I.D., 538, 539;
pat., 651, 652;
q., 715

Richter, q., 159

Ricker, Harvey, 701;
pat., 645

Ridenour, Baker Gro. Co., 485

Riechelmann, q., 159

Ries, Maurice, 338

Riggs, J. H, 508

Riley, James Whitcomb, q., 552

Rinehart & Stevens, 507

Rios (c.), 341, 343, 366

Ripley, D.C., 497

Risley, Christopher, 479

Risley, Leander S., 479

Risley & Co., C., 479, 480, 528

Rittenhouse, John, pat., 627

Ritz, 678

Rivarol, 98

Rivers, 186;
q., 187

Roach, Tiger, 579

Roasters
Baltimore, 507, 508
Boston, 501
Chicago, 501, 502
Cleveland, 507
Detroit, 508
Louisville, 505
Milwaukee, 506
New Orleans, 505
New York (1790–94), 475, 476
(1805–1922), 492–501
Philadelphia, 501
Pittsburgh, 507
San Francisco, 505, 506
St. Louis, 502, 503
Toledo, 506, 507
Other cities, 508, 509
United States, 492–509
(See also Dealers, wholesale)

Roasting
Arabia, 658–662
Australia, 692
Great Britain, 673
(18th century), 695, 696
(19th century), 704, 705, 707
France, 679
Greece, 685
Netherlands, 686
New Zealand, 692
United States, 709, 710, 712

Roasting, Chemistry of, 165–167, 388, 389

Roasting economies, 513

Roasting, Household
Decline of, 635
Devices
Braziers, 615
Clay dishes, 615
Corn-poppers, 635
Cylinder, 619
Earthenware, 615, 620
Extemporized, 617, 635, 695, 696
Glass flasks (Italy), 623
Iron dippers, spiders, 616
Metal plates, 615
Stirrers (spatula), 616

Roasting machinery, 381–386, 615–654
Coal, 391, 392
Development of, 629
Direct-flame, 386
French, 678–680
Glass cylinder, 646
Gas, 386, 640–643
German (1860–1897), 638, 639
Imports from Gt. Brit., 625
Indirect-flame, 642, 646
Inner-heated, 386
Retail, 420, 421
Sample (France), 679
Wholesale,
Burns, J.; improvements, 634–637, 644
French patents, 639, 640
German patent, first, 683
Fullard's heated fresh air, 643
Steam-power, 631, 635

Roasting machines
Household
Bernard's cylinder (1841), 629
Bull's coal (1704), 620
Elford's white iron (1660), 616, 617
Gee's (1852), 634
Home (1908), 646
Hyde's combined (1862), 634
Ittel's glass sphere (1874), 640
Kuhlemann's electric, 648
Lacoux's combined, 625, 627
Lauzaune's cylinder (1829), 625
Lauzaune's "rocking" (1873), 640
Lawton's perforated, gas (1912), 641
Lawton's quick gas (1912), 651, 652
Marchand's fan roaster (1866), 640
Martin's cylinder (1860), 640
Preterre's weighing (1849), 634
Ransom's (1833), 625
Remington's wheel of buckets, 633
Savo (1917), 646
Schick's method (1812), 623
Williamson's (1820), 624
Wood's spherical (1849), 634, 710
Retail
Lambert's 50-pound, 646
Lester's electric (1903), 647
Moegling's electric (1906), 647
Sales promotion value, 423
Seymour's electric (1921), 648
St. Louis, Jr., 649
Talbutt's electric (1911), 647
Uno electric (1909–20), 647, 648
Warner's mill (1905), 648
Sample roasting
Burns, 642
Improved (1883), 645
Swing-gate (1900), 647
Tilting (1909), 651
Wholesale, 646
Arbuckle's first (1903), 647
Aromatic (electric power), 646
Burns Balanced-front (1908), 651
Coal, 391, 392
Direct-flame (1900), 642
First patent (1864), 634
Special gas (1897), 642
Carter Pull-out (1846), 469, 629
Combination (quick gas), 641
Comet, 638
Crawley patents, 642
Dakin (1848), 633
Delphine tubular (1870), 639
Economic, 646
Evans cylindrical (1824), 624
Faulder, 640, 673
First direct flame (U.S.), 471
Fleury gas (1880–81), 638, 640
Fraser gas (1897–98), 642
Giacomini process (1903), 648
Hamsley direct-flame (1898), 642
Henneman direct-flame (1888), 640, 642, 643
Holmes patent (1906), 643
Hungerford patent (1882), 644
Hyde combined (1862), 634
Ideal-Rapid, 639
Johnston patent (1905), 646
Jubilee (1915–19), 643, 652
Jumbo, 522, 524, 647
Knickerbocker, 638, 644
Knowlys's cylinder (1848), 633
Kuchelmeister drum, 647
Lambert indirect-flame (1901), 642, 646
Self-contained, 646
Lambert (French), 646
Magic, 646
Marchand ball (1877), 640
Meteor, 638
Moderne, 646
Monitor direct-flame, 642
Morewood sliding-burner (1901), 642, 673
Muhlberg patents (1878), 638
Otto spiral-tubular (1889), 640, 641
Page Pull-out (1868), 637, 638
Pearson patents, 638, 640
Perfekt, 639
Postulart gas (1888), 640
Potter direct-flame (1899), 642
Probat, 639
Rekord (quick gas), 641
Resson, 646
Royal (1905), 643, 646
Schmidt patent (1906), 649
Schnuck gas (1919), 653
Shortt electric (1919), 647
Sirocco, 641, 646
Thurmer quirk-gas (1891–93), 640, 641
Tornado quick-gas, 641
Tubermann (1877), 638
Tupholme direct-flame (1887), 640, 641
Typhoon, 638
Uno, 673
Van den Brouck cylinder, 646
von Gumborn gas (1892), 639
Van Gulpen (1870), 638

Roasting methods
Automatic control, 166
Better C.-making com., 713, 714
Burns, Jabez; views on, 636
Butter; use in Gt. Brit., 673
Early, 694, 695
Electric, 386
Goldsworthy's process, 702
Lard; use in Gt. Brit., 673
Natural gas, 642
Quick vs. slow, 640, 641

Roasting plants
France, 679
United States
Arbuckle, 524, 525
First and second, 468
New York
Number (1914–1919), 515, 516
Early (1790–95), 491
Number (1855–56), 496

Roasting trade
France, 678, 679
Italy, 686
United States, 379–406, 491–515
Beginning of, 522
Methods and prices (1845), 635
Retail, 418
St. Louis (1857), 629–633

Roasts, 356
Brazilian preferences, 691
British preferences, 673
French preferences, 680
Greek preferences, 685
Italian preferences, 686

Roberts, Mrs., chk., 127

Robertson, Joseph C., 585

Robespierre, 94, 96, 102

Robinson Crusoe, Defoe, 80

Robinson, Dr., q., 176

Robinson, Edward Forbes, 557;
q., 11, 54, 56, 59, 62, 72, 73, 107

Robinson, Tanered, 584

Robinson & Co., N., 501

Robison, Floyd W., pat., 158, 474;
q., 715

Robusta, C.
Botanical description, 144
Ceylon, 236
Cup-tests, 145
[Pg 791]Guadeloupe, 234
India, 227
Indo-China, French, 237
Java, 215, 216
Netherlands E. Indies, 283
New Caledonia, 243
New York, Exchange excludes, 329, 338
Sumatra, 217
Trees; height (Java), 215
yield (Java), 216
Uganda, 353
United States, imports, 341
Varieties, 146

Robusta-achtigen (robusta-like), 216

Robusta hybrid (Ceylon), 236

Robusta × Maragogipe, hyb., 146

Rochester, Earl of, 575

Rodney, William, 126

Roe, Sir T., q., 2

Roettier, John, 62, 582

Rogers, chk., 121

Rolamb, Nicholas, q. 23

Rollins, Thornton, 485

Romance of Trade, Bourne, q., 54

Romero, q., 198

Ronan, James, 508

Roodbessige, C. (Java), 216

Roome, Luke, chk., 118

Roome, William P., 478, 498

Roome & Co., William P., 478, 498

Rooney, John, 475

Roosevelt family, 690

Ropes, Joseph, 468

Ropes, Ripley, 482

Roque, P. de la, 31, 543

Rosary, The, Barclay, q., 563

Rosebault, Charles J., q., 671

Roseburg, William, 521, 522

Rosée, Pasqua, 42, 43, 53, 54, 58, 69, 462, 543;
q., 432
Handbill, ill., 459, 461

Roselius, Ludwig, pat., 162, 473

Ross, C.J., q., 230

Rossbach & Bro., 485

Rosseau, Jean Baptiste, 88, 554

Rosseter, J.H., 490

Rossi, q., 186

Rossignon, q., 707

Rossini, 103

Rota (see Clubs, C.-house)

Roth, 510

Roth Grocery Co., Adam, 485

Rothschilds, 531

Roubiliac, 84, 583, 584

Rouch, pat., 621

Roure, pat., 640

Rousseau, Baron Antoine, q., 656

Rousseau, J.J., 94, 98, 102, 566

Routh, Harold, q., 561

Rowland, pat., 625

Rowland, Helen, q., 553, 554

Rowland & Humphreys, 482

Rowland, Humphreys & Co., 480

Rowland, Terry & Humphreys, 482

Rowlandson, Thomas, 75, 593

Rowley, Levi, 494, 499

Roxbury "hourlies", 10

Royal Exchange Lloyd's, 85

Royal Exchange (London), 86

Royal Exchange (New York, 1752), 120

Royal Scarlet (brand), 441

Royal Society, 41

Royal, Thomas M., 471

Rubia Mills, 434, 496

Ruffio, P.A., 591

Ruffner, W.R., 538

Rule & Bro., Robert J., 501

Ruliff, Clark & Co., 505

Rulings (U.S.), 337, 338

Rumford, Count, inv., 557, 621, 622, 699, 704;
biog., 697;
q., 698

Rumsey, Walter, q., 56

Runkle & Co., J.C., 479, 482

Rupert, Prince, 69

Russell, Edward C., 495

Russell, Frank C., 478, 499

Russell, Robert, 482

Russell, Robert S., 499

Russell & Co., 482, 494, 499

Russell & Fessenden, 501

Ruth, 13

Ruth, Sylvester, 507

Rutter & Co., Thomas, 480

Ryan & Co., James, 506


Saccharin in c., 165

Saffron in c., 660

Saint-Foix, 566, 567

Saint-Victor, 102

Salaman, Malcolm C., q., 589

Salant, q., 184

Salazar, Alfredo M., pat., 653

Salazar c., 349, 365

Sales by candle, 571

Salesmanship, 407

Sales promotion
Retail, 423–426
Wholesale, 412, 413

Saltero, Don, 559, 560

Saltus, Francis S., 541;
q., 552

Salvadors (c.), 347, 360

Salvandy, Narcisse-Achille, q., 100

Samoa c., 355, 375

Sample distribution, 412

Samplers (N.Y. Exch.), 333

Sampling
Brazil, 303, 304, 306
New York, 319, 321
San Francisco, 327
Santos, 303, 304, 306, 312, 316

Sanani c., 351, 368

Sanborn, Chas. E., 501

Sanborn, James S., 501

Sandys, Sir George, 12, 38, 543;
q., 36

Sandys's Travels, q., 36

Sand, George, 565

Sanger, Abraham, 480

Sanger, Beers & Fisher, 480, 497

Sanger & Wells, 480

Santa Ana c., 350, 365

Santa Cecilia, v., 316

Santo Domingos (c.), 350, 362

Santos c., 341, 342, 366

Saportas Bros., 482

Saturday Evening Post, per., q., 177

Sauvage c., ill., 142

Savage, 578

Savage, George E., pat., 649

Savage, Richard, 570

Saxe, Marshall, 98

Saxon Coffee Co., 508

Sayre, q., 163, 164, 166, 183

Schadheli, Sheik, 13, 14

Schaefer, Henry, 478, 535

Schaefer, J.H., q., 428

Schams, Franz, 590

Schanne, Alexandre, q., 102

Scharf, q., 126

Schemsi, chk., 19, 668

Scheuzer, J.J., q., 13, 16

Schick, Anthony, pat., 623

Schierenberg, A., 535

Schilling, A., 506

Schilling & Co., A., 505, 506, 507

Schipano, Mario, 27

Schittenhelm, q., 182

Schmelzel, James H., 495

Schmidt, C., 591

Schmidt, Francisco, 208

Schmidt, Ludwig, pat., 649

Schmidt & Ziegler, 486

Schmiedeberg, Dr. Oswald, q., 185

Schnuck, Edward F., pat., 653

Schnull & Krag, 508

Schoepffwasser, Lorentz, pseud., 45

School of Oratory, Macklin's, 580

Schools, information for, 513

Schools of the wise, 19

Schotten, Christian, 503

Schotten, Hubertus, 503

Schotten, Jerome J., 503

Schotten, Julius J., 503, 510, 631

Schotten, William, 503, 629, 631, 633

Schotten & Bro., William, 503

Schotten & Co., Wm., 485, 502, 503

Schotten Coffee Co., Wm., 503

Schramm, Arnold, 477

Schramm, Inc., Arnold, 477

Schroeder, Bruno, 532, 534

Schroeder & Co., J. Henry, 532, 534

Schuler, John G., 508

Schulte, A., q., 156

Schultz & Ruckgaber, 482

Schultze, q., 165

Schumaniana, C., 146

Schumberg, q., 186

Schürhoff, q., 185

Schurtzkwer, 185

Schwartz, Joseph M., 521

Schwartz Bros., 488

Schweitzer & Co., M., 488

Scialdi, 14

Scolfield, Henry, pat., 247

Scott, Andrew, q., 85

Scott, Edwin, 499

Scott, Sir Walter, q., 573, 574, 579

Scott, William, 479

Scott & Dash, 479

Scott & Meiser, 479

Scott & Sons, William, 479

Scott, Dash & Co., 479

Scott, Meiser & Co., 479

Scott's Sons & Co., William, 479

Scotty, C. (chef), 691

Scriba, Schroppel & Starmen, 475

Scribner's Magazine, q., 664

Scudder, Gale Gro. Co., 485

Scull, William S., 509

Scull & Co., W.S., 508

Scull Co., William S., 509

Sculpture, C. in, 599

Seal (brand), 435, 441, 465

Secchi, 558

Seelye, Frank R., 511, 513

Segundo (grade), 261, 264

Seidell, q., 160

Seifert, q., 185

Selby, Thomas, chk., 112

Selden, David, pat., 625

Seligsberg, Louis, 478

Selim I, 18, 19, 49

Selling chart, 409

Semarang c., 355, 373

Sencial, q., 156

Sené, pat., 623, 625, 699

Sense of Taste, The, Hollingworth and Poffenberger, q., 723

Separating machinery, 383

Sephton, Geoffrey, q., 552

Service, C., 31
Arabia, 658–663, 695
Artistic and historic, 599–614, 619, 620, 621
Britannia ware, etc., 619
Clay bowls, first, 616
English, c.-pots (1714–70), 620, 621
Lantern c.-pots, 602, 619
Sèvres c.-pots, 607
Sheffield-plate c.-pots, 607
Silver c.-pots (18th cent.), 619
Sino-Lowestoft c.-pot, 607
London cafés and restaurants, 674
Oriental c.-pots, 619
Netherlands, 686
New York hotels, 691
Paris (Pascal's, 1672), 619
Turkish, 602, 617, 621, 695

Seven Truths to Teach the Young in Regard to Life and Sex, Abbey, q., 177

Sèvres c.-pots, 607

Seymour, Mark T., pat., 648

Shade, C.-growing under, 133
Arabia, 197
Guam, 242
Guatemala, 219
Hawaii, 241
Requirements, 201

Shadli, Shaomer (see Schadheli), 2

Shami c., 351, 368

Shapleigh Coffee Co., 501

Sharki c., 351, 368

Shaw, Daniel A., 480

Shaw, John W., 492

Shaw, William, 612

Shaw's Louisiana Coffee and Spice Mills, 505

Sheaff, Henry, 475

Sheffield plate c.-pots, 607

Sheldon, Henry, 479

Sheldon & Co., Henry, 478, 479

Sheldon Banks & Co., 479

Shemsi, chk., 19, 668

Shenstone, q., 584

Shephard, Fleetwood, q., 584

Shepherd, T.H., 593

Sheppard, Alexander, 501

[Pg 792]Sheppard & Sons, Inc., Alex., 501

Sherbet, 562
London c. houses sell, 61

Sheridan, Richard Brinsley, 80;
q., 581

Sherif-Eddin-Omar-ben-Faredh, q., 543

Sherley, Sir Anthony, 35, 543

Sherman, Fred, 506

Sherman, Fred T., 477, 482

Sherman, Henry B., 506

Sherman, Lewis, 506, 514

Sherman, Jr., Lewis, 506

Sherman, Milo P., 506

Sherman, S.S., 506

Sherman, William, 506

Sherman, William H., 506

Sherman, William M., 506

Sherman, William T. (Gen.), 563

Sherman & Taylor, 477

Sherman Bros. & Co., 485, 502, 506

Shewbert, John, chk., 126

Shewbert, Mrs., chk., 126

Shields & Boucher, 507

Shihâb-ad-Dîn manuscript, 542

Shinkle, Wilson & Kreis Co., 484, 485

Shipping Board, U.S., 338

Shipping c., 312–327
Brazil, 306
American vessels, 515
Colombia, 314, 315
Iron steamships (1868), 476
Longest voyage, 316
Santos, 312, 314
Time-table, port to port, 316

Shipping ports, principal, 191

Shope, W.C., 502

Shortt, Everett T., pat., 647

Shrinkage, 389, 391
Roasting, 388
Table (green c.), 393

Shubert (see Shewbert)

Sias, Charles D., 501

Siddons, Mrs., 569

Siegfried, John C., 506

Siegfried & Brandenstein, 505, 506

Siegman, John G., 507

Sielcken, Hermann, 473, 482, 511, 518, 519, 520, 523, 531;
biog., 517, 521
Valorization, 530–534
Woolson Spice Co., 506

Sielcken, Hermann (Mrs.), 518

Sielcken-Crossman contract, 519

Sierra c., 345, 359

Signs, Coffee-house
London, 602, 603
Bowman's, 54
Morat (Amurath), 62
Rosée's, 54
Soliman, 62
New York, 117, 124
King's Arms, 124

Signs, Grocers'
Lowell, Ebenezer (New York), 467
Richards, Smith (New York), 124

Silver c.-pots, 619

Silver skin, 136, 138

Silversmiths, American, 609, 612

Silversmiths Society, 612

Simmonds, W. Lee, 478

Simmonds & Bayne, 478

Simmonds & Co., H., 478

Simmonds & Co., W. Lee, 478

Simmonds & Newton, 478

Simon, Jr., M., pat., 167

Simonds H., 478

Sinclair, Evans & Elliot, 508

Singleton, Esther, q., 105, 115, 709

Sinnot, J.B., 505

Sino-Lowestoft c.-pot, 607

Sion & Co., 340

Sir Antoine Shirlies Trauelles, Parry, q., ill., 38

Sirups (see Syrups)

Sizing (see Grading), 258

Skiddy, Francis, 479

Skiddy, Minford & Co., 479, 485, 530

Skinner, Cyriac, 60

"Skyscraper" coffee house, 112, 113

Slacks, 322

Slave auctions, Phila., ill., 128

Slemmons & Conkling, 508

Sloane, Sir Hans, 86, 543, 582

Sloss, Robert, q., 531

Slow roast, 387

Small, C.K., 477, 480

Small, John, 480

Small Bros. & Co., 477, 479, 480

Smalls & Bacon, 480

Smart, Joseph F., pat., 653

Smith, Adam, 81, 583

Smith, Clarence 480

Smith, Daniel, chk., 129

Smith, Frank, 499

Smith, George H., 501

Smith, John (Capt.), 105, 543,;
q., 36

Smith, John Thomas, 583;
q., 569

Smith, Michael E., 503

Smith, Mrs., chk., 119

Smith, Nathaniel, 584

Smith, Robert, 501

Smith, Robert A., 501

Smith, Sidney, q., 567

Smith, William T., 501

Smith, William V.R., 523, 524

Smith & Co., D., 476

Smith & Co., Thomas, 700

Smith & Curtis, 507

Smith & McKenna, 505

Smith & McNell, 494

Smith & Schipper, 485

Smith & Son, Robert, 501

Smith & Son, Thomas, 637, 639, 699

Smith & Sons, Robert, 501

Smith Bros. & Co., 505

Smith Bros., 486

Smith Bros. & Co. Ltd., 505

Smith's Sons, M.V.R., 480

Smith's Sons, Robert, 501

Smoke screens (Guatemala), 219

Smollett, 559

Smooth (see Flavors)

Smout, Jules, pat., 248

Smyser, Henry L., 523;
pat., 470

Sobieranski, q., 186

Sobieski, King John, 49

Sociedade Promotora da Defesa do Café, 446

Société de Café Soluble Belna, 539

Société Generale, 532, 534

Society of Antiquaries, 602

Society of the Friends of Music, 597

Soda fountains, 689

Soils
Australia, 238
Best, 198, 201
Brazil, 198, 205
Costa Rica, 225
Federated Malay States, 238
Venezuela, 212

Soliman Aga, 91

Soliman the Great, 18, 19

Sollmann, q., 182, 183

Soluble coffee, 404, 406
Brands, 470, 538, 539
History of, 538, 539
Kato's patent, 471
Processes, 169
U.S. Army war needs, 539
Washington's patent, 471

Soluble Coffee Co., 539

Somers, A.L., 507

Songs of Brittany, 548

Sons of Liberty, 120

Sorenson, John S., 520

Sorenson & Nielson, 482, 520

Sorley, William, 480, 491

Sorting machinery, 245

Sorver, Damon & Co., 485

Soulie, 102

Soup, Coffee, 177

Sour (see Flavors)

South Sea bubble, 571, 572

Southern boom (1904), 530

Southern Coffee Mills, Inc., 505

Southern Coffee Polishing Mills, 505

Southern Cross, v., 316

Southern Pacific Co., 489

Souvestre, Emile, q., 565

Spatula (see Roasting machinery), 616

Specialty stores, 415, 421

Spectator, per., 75, 80, 85, 88, 558, 573, 584;
q., 86, 87, 560, 561, 572, 575, 582

Spencer, G.L., q., 165

Sperry Flour Co., 488

Spice Mill, per., 470, 526, 527

Spice-Mill Companion, 427

Splitting nickels, 427

Spot brokers, 336, 337

Spot of leaf and fruit (see Diseases)

Spot Market, New York, 329, 330

Spot quotation committee (N.Y. Exch.), 334

Sprague, Albert A., 502

Sprague, Irvin A., 477

Sprague, O.S.A., 502

Sprague & Rhodes, 477

Sprague & Stetson, 502

Sprague & Warner, 502

Sprague, Warner & Co., 483, 502

Sprague, Warner & Griswold, 502

Spreckels & Bros. Co., J.D., 488

Spring Garden Iron Works, 245

Spruce, Richard, q., 200

Squier, George L., 246

Squier Mfg. Co., Geo. L., 246, 247, 469

St. Germain's Fair (see Coffee houses, Paris)

St. Serf, Thomas, q., 554

Stachan, John, chk., 119

Stacie, chk., 579, 580;
q., 581

Stadium (circus), New York, 124

Stage coaches, Boston, 110, 112

Stamp Act (1765), 120, 125, 128

Stamps, Trading, 429

Stanton, Sheldon & Co., 479

Star Coffee and Spice Mills, 506

Star, London, newsp., 585

Star Mills, 494, 499

Starhemberg, Rudiger von, 49, 50

State of São Paulo Pure C. Co. Ltd., 445

Statistical Abstract, U.S., q., 299

Statue of Kolschitzky, 599

Steam power for roasting, 631, 635

Steel-cut, 401, 714
Baker-Duncombe suit, 649

Steele, Mrs., chk., 121

Steele, Sir Richard, 75, 80, 84, 557, 570, 572, 576, 577, 578, 579;
q., 558, 559

Steele & Co., E.L.G.S., 487

Steele & Emery, 508

Steele & Price, 470

Steele, Wedeles Co., 485

Steele-Wedeles Co., 502

Steeping, 720

Ste.-Foix, 94

Steinwender, Julius, 482

Steinwender, Stoffregen, 485

Steinwender, Stoffregen & Co., 338, 340, 482, 502

Steinwender, Stoffregen Co., 484

Stella (Esther Vanhomrigh), 562

Stenhouse, q., 163

Stenophylla, C., 216
Botanical description, 140

Stenophylla × Abeokutæ, hyb., 146

Stenophylla Paris, C., 146

Stephen, chk., 93

Stephens, Alvan, 507

Stephens, Henry A., 507

Stephens Samuel R., 507

Stephens & Co., A., 502

Stephens & Sons, A., 507

Stephens & Widlar, 507

Steppe, J.P., pat., 649

Sterility, C. and, 23, 46

Sternau, Sigmund, pat., 649

Sternau & Co., S., 649

Sterne, Richard, 601

Stetson, Z.B., 502

Stevens, Alfred, 103

Stevens, Henry B., pat., 247

Stevens, W. & S., 508

Stevens & Armstrong, 480

Stevens, Armstrong & Hartshorn, 480

Stevens Bros. & Co., 480

Stewart, C.H., q., 349

Stewart, James, 478

Stewart, Robert C., 477, 498

Stewart & Co., C.M., 485

Stewart & Co., R.C., 477

Stewart & Walker, 478

Stickney & Poor, 501

[Pg 793]Still & Sons, W.M., 647, 674

Stillman, Abel, pat., 627

Stiner & Co., Joseph, 409

Stitt, William J., 494, 497

Stitt & Co., W.J., 497, 499

Stock Exchange, New York, 122

Stofffregen, Carl H., 448, 511, 535

Stokes, John, 129

Stoning machinery, 381, 394, 395

Storage
Havre, 327
New York, 319, 321
Santos, 303
Venezuela, 315

Storia di Venezia nella Vita Privata, La, Molmenti, q., 27

Storm, Walter, 482

Storm, Smith & Co., 482

Story, Rufus G., 479, 496

Story & Co., R.G., 496

Story-tellers in c. houses, 666, 669

Stoufs, Joseph, 590

Stowe, Orson W., pat., 644

Strassberger, L., pat., 649

Straus, Oscar, 672

Strauss & Sons, L., 518

Street brokers, 337

Stringer, Mary, chk., 56

Strong, Joseph, 508

Strowbridge, Turner, pat., 644

Stuart, Alexander, 503

Stump, Aug., 482, 484

Stumpp & Co., August, 482

Suakurensis, C. (Java), 216

Substitute, C., advertising, 437, 438
Charts, 440, 441

Substitute-fakers, 435

Substitutes, 170
Barley, 13, 46
Betony, 74
Bocket, 74
Cereal (harmful to diabetics), 165
Chicory, 46
Corn, 46
Figs, dried, 46
Russia, 686
Saloop (sassafras and sugar), 73, 74
United States (1st patent), 470
Wheat, 46

Succory (see Chicory)

Succop & Lips, 503

Sucrose, 165

Suess-Oppenheimer, Joseph, 47

Sugar in c., 26, 58, 91, 98, 106, 667
Cairo (first use, 1625), 657, 695
Consumption (U.S.), 689
Great Britain (17th cent.), 696
Greece, 685
North America, 105

Sugar of c., 165

Sugar Trust fight, 521–523

Sullivan, Luke, 85, 584

Sully, D.J., 530, 572

Sultan, Café, 658

Sultane, Café, 694

Sumatras (c.), 355, 370–372

Sumerling & Co., 674

Sun, London, newsp., 578

Sun, New York, newsp., q., 175

Sunshine, per., 524

Sutton & Vansant, 485

Swain, Earle & Co., 501

Swaythling, Lord, 604

Swazey, S.L., 479

Sweated c., 316, 317
Artificial (U.S. rulings), 337
Sailing vessels, 353

Sweeney, John, 492

Sweet (see Flavors)

Sweet c.'s, 397

Sweet-bitter c.'s, 397

Swett, E.H., 501

Swift, Jonathan, 80, 84, 88, 89, 557, 562, 570, 573, 577, 578, 579, 587;
q., 571, 575

Swift & Co., H.H., 482

Swift, Billings & Co., 485

Sylva Sylvarum, Bacon, q., 38, 543

Syndicates
Arnold-Dash-Kimball, 527, 528
German Trading Co., 528

Syria, The Holy Land, Carne, q., 668–670

Syrups, Coffee; recipe for, 724

Szekacs, q., 185

Szyszka, q., 185


Tabasco c., 345, 358

Taber & Place, 434, 496

Table, The, per., 675

Table Traits, Doran, q., 705

Tachiras (c.), 349, 365

Tackaberry, William, 509

Tackaberry Co., Wm., 509

Taine, 102

Talbot, Winslow & Co., 507

Talbutt, Robert H., pat., 647

Talleyrand, Prince, 103;
q., 565

Tampico c., 345, 359

Tannin, 160, 182, 711

Tapachula c., 345, 358

Tapperi, David, q., 11

Tapping hands (Arabia), 312

Tatler, per., 75, 80, 85, 86, 561, 572;
q., 558, 559, 571, 573, 575, 584

Tatlock, q., 159

Tavernier, 31, 543;
q., 2

Taverns
Boston
Blue Anchor (inn), 109
Bunch of Grapes, 111
Cole's (Inn), 109
First, 108
Green Dragon, 613
Indian Queen, 109, 110
King's Head, 109
Ship, 109
Sun, 109, 110
Red Lyon (inn), 109
London
Barn, 584
Golden, 583
Locket's Ordinary, 569
Mermaid, 60
Rose, 56
Shakespeare's Head, 576
New York
Atlantic Garden House, 117, 121
Black Horse, 118
Fighting Cocks, 118
Fraunces', 121
Jamaica Pilot Boat, 118
King's Head, 117
Queen's Head, 119
White Lion, 117
Philadelphia, 125
Blue Anchor (first), 126
City, 125, 128, 129, 130
Globe (inn), 126
New, 129
Smith's, 129

Taxation
Arabia, 231
England (1714), 59
Germany, 47
Royal monopoly (1781), 46
Porto Rico (exemptions), 222
São Paulo (valorization), 534
Turkey, 20
(See also Duties; Fines; Licenses; Pure food, etc.)

Taylor, C.K., q., 177

Taylor, James H., 477

Taylor, John, 578

Taylor, William, 475

Taylor & Co., James H., 477, 479, 485

Taylor & Co., Moses, 476

Taylor & Levering, 484, 485

Tea, 35
Action in stomach, 178
American colonies
Introduction, 105, 106
Stamp act (1765) increases consumption, 106
Smuggled from Netherlands, 106
Antiquity, 15
Canada, 687
Discovery, 12
Great Britain
Consumption compared with c., 288, 289
First sold in London (1657), 56
Imports (1700–57), 75
Introduced at Court, 582
National beverage, 75
Preferred to c., 674
Prices (1662, 1714), 582
Sold in c. houses, 61, 78, 80
Taxation, 59
Eulogized by Mosely, 38
Johnson, Sam'l, 568
Europe (first used, 1610), 23
Literary stimulus, 357, 358
Mental efficiency, Effect on, 186
Philadelphia (introduction), 125
Russia, 686
United States
Consumption per capita (1783), 468
Consump. comp. with c., 288, 289
Imports (1783), 468
Laws affecting, 337

Tea and coffee pots, 609

Tea and Coffee Trade Journal, per., 138, 402;
q., 34, 147, 155, 160, 161, 168, 175, 176, 177, 178,
179, 180, 181, 186, 387, 388, 399, 410, 418, 421, 422,
427, 439, 527, 558, 679, 689, 693, 715, 717, 720
Begins publication (1901), 472
Ukers assumes editorship (1904), 527
Urges nat'l organization of roasters, 511

Tea gardens (see Gardens)

Tea party (see Boston; New York)

Tea-rooms (London), 675, 677

Teeth, Effects of c. on, 175

Tegals (c.), 355, 373

T'eh (tea), 35

Teixelra, Pedro, q., 2

Telephone in retail stores, 424

Tellicherry c., 351, 369

Temperance, C. and, 61

Tennent, Robert Bowman, pat., 246

Terminology, 168

Terms and credits, 403, 513–515

Terms and discounts (Brazil), 306

Terry, Edward, q., 36

Testing (France), 679, 680

Text Book of Physiology, Flint, q., 176

Teyssonnier, 146

Thackeray, W.M., 103;
q., 563

Thannhauser & Co., 488

Thayer, Byron T., 501

Theatrum botanicum, Parkinson, 543;
q., 41

Thebaud, Joseph, 476

Thein, 160

Theobromin, 160

Therapeutic Gazette, per., q., 176

Thery, q., 543

Thévenot, 543

Thomas, C., 501

Thomas, Elizabeth, 575

Thomas, Gov., 127

Thomas, R.G., 494

Thomas Co., R.G., 494

Thomas & Son, J.W., 508

Thomas & Turner, 494

Thompson, Benjamin, inv., 621;
q., 163
(See also Rumford)

Thompson, Dr., q., 159, 181

Thompson, James, 492

Thompson, James Henry, pat., 246

Thompson, Patience, 492

Thompson, W.D., 479

Thompson & Bowers, 478, 480

Thompson & Davis, 479

Thompson Bros., 479

Thompson Co., J. Walter, 445

Thompson, Shortridge & Co., 478, 479

Thomsen & Co., 479

Thomson, A.M., 502

Thomson, James, 502

Thomson, James (poet), 574

Thomson, A.M. & James, 502

[Pg 794]Thomson & Taylor, 502

Thomson & Taylor Co., 502

Thomson & Taylor Spice Co., 484, 502, 509

Thorn, A.B., 499

Thornley, Jesse, 501

Thornley & Bro., 501

Thornley & Ryan, 501

Thornton, Richard J., 505

Thornton, Richard J. (Mrs.), 505

Thornton & Co., R.J., 505

Thornton & Hawkins, 505

Thorpe, q., 159, 164

Thousand and One Nights (see Arabian Nights)

Three Reigns of Nature, Delille, q., 547

Thum, pat., 158, 164

Thumb-piece on English c. pots, 620

Thurber, A.D., 499

Thurber, Francis B., 557;
q., 182, 712

Thurber, H.K., 482

Thurber & Co., H.K., 499

Thurber & Co., H.K. & F.B., 482

Thurlow, Lord, 80, 88, 572

Thurmer, Max, 640, 641

Tibiriçá, Jorge, 531

Times, London, newsp. 585;
q., 175

Times, New York, newsp., 671, 672

Tilloch, Dr., 585

Tillyard, Arthur, 41

Timbs, John, 557;
q., 53, 69, 555, 570–585

Timby, pat., q., 157

Timor c., 355, 376

Tinned coffee (Great Britain), 673

Tinney, Henry C., 509

Tipping, origin of, 74

To arrive, 330
San Francisco, 327

Tobacco
In c. houses, 42, 77, 78, 84, 98
Intoxication, 182

Todd, Robert, 118

Togami, K., q., 179

Toledo & Co., Filipe S., 340

Tolimas (c.), 348, 364

Tolman Co., J.A., 485

Tomkyns, chk., 576

Toms, G.W., 513

Tone, Isaac E., 509

Tone, Jay E., 508, 509

Tone, Jekiel, 509

Tone, W.E., 509, 510, 511

Tone Bros., 509

Tonkin c., 352, 370

Tonti, Lorenzo, 122

Torner, Richard, chk., 572

Torro & Co., Louis M., 340

Totten & Bro., W.W., 508

Touches, Vicomte des, 532, 534

Tovars (c.), 349, 350, 365

Town Eclogues, Montagu, 573

Townsend, 496

Tractors, electric (Bush Co.), 322

Tracy & Avery Co., 485

Trade
New Orleans, 485–487
Overproduction disturbs (1898), 471
San Francisco, 487–491
Shifting currents, 293, 294, 295, 296
United States, 475–515
(1921), 299–302
Aden and, 301
Brazil and, 300
Tariff preferentials, 296
Booms, 468, 469
Central Am. and, 296, 300
Chronological review, 467–474
Colombia and, 300
Development (1865–1922), 297–299
Mexico and, 301
Netherlands E. Ind. and, 301
Panic (1880), 470
Venezuela and, 300
West Indies and, 301

Trade and Statistics Committee (N.Y. Exch.), 334

Trade Marks, U.S., 413, 469, 470

Trade names of c.'s (see Characteristics)

Trading, 291–302
Amsterdam (1640), 105
Brazil, 295
Early, 293
Europe, 327–340
Germany (begins 1670), 293
Havre, 327
Netherlands, 293, 294
First cargo sold (1640), 43
New York (early), 115
U.S. rulings, 337, 338
San Francisco and Central Am., 325
Sweden (begins 1674), 293

Trading stamps, 429

Traffic Assn. of St. Louis Coffee Importers (1910), 510

Trafton, C.K., q., 527

Traités Nouveaux et Curieux du Café, etc., Dufour, q., 2, 11, 432, 433

Transhipping ports, Europe, 289

Transportation, Inland
Abyssinia, 228, 229, 308, 310
Arabia, 266, 282, 293
Bolivia, 279
Brazil, 303
Central America, 308
Colombia, 308, 316
Nicaragua, 280
Venezuela, 308

Transportation, Seven stages of, 323

Travancore c., 351, 369

Travels, Herbert, q., 36

Travels, Rauwolf, q., 25

Travels, Teixeira, q., 2

Travels and Adventure, Smith, q., 36

Travels in Arabia Deserts, Daughty, q., 661

Travels in India and Persia, Della Valle, 27

Travels of Certayne Englishmen, etc., The, Biddulph, q., ill., 36

Travers & Son, Joseph, 445

Treatise in Latin, Meisner, 543

Treatise on Modern Stimulants, Balzac, q., 557

Tree, Coffee
Age, 203, 211, 213, 222
Salvador, 219
Chemistry of, 155
Height, 133, 142, 202
Arabia, 231
Indigenous to Abyssinia, 1, 5
Origin, 5
Wood, uses for, 138
Yield, 136, 203
Bolivia, 236
Brazil, 138
Colombia, 211
Mexico, 222
Nicaragua, 227
São Paulo, 208

Trees, Coffee
Number of
Brazil, 207, 208
Ecuador, 236, 278
Indo-China, French, 237
Guatemala, 219
Pernambuco, 205
São Paulo, 205, 207, 208
Venezuela, 212
Number to acre, 201
Colombia, 211
Haiti, 220
Porto Rico, 223
Venezuela, 213

Tremont Coffee & Spice Mills, 501

Trentman & Bro., C.A., 508

Trentman & Son, B., 508

Triage (grade), 258

Tribune, New York, newsp., q., 553

Tricolator, 168, 445, 651, 652, 701

Tricolette, 654

Triers, 321, 389

Trigg, C.W., pat., 406, 539;
q., 155, 174, 718–722

Trillado (grade), 260, 263

Trillo (grade), 264

Trinidad c., 351, 362

Triumph of C., Fakr-Eddin-Aboubeckr, 543

Troemner, Henry, 646, 472

True Way of Making and Preparing C., Broadbent, q., 697

Trujillos (c.), 350, 365

Trusdell & Phelps, 495

"Truth in advertising" movement, 435

Truxtun, Scott, 444

Tubermann's Son, G., pat., 638

Tupholme, Beeston, pat., 640

Turguenieff, 102

Turkey gruel, 70

Turkish ewer, 602, 603, 621

Turkish pocket cylinder mill, 615, 616, 617

Turner, A., 508

Turner, Robert, chk., 109

Turner (or Torner) Richard, chk., 572

Turner, William F., 480

Tussac, 8

Twitchell, Champlin & Co., 508

Tyler, George C., 556

Tyler, Henry D., 480

Typhoid fever, Effects of c. on, 181

Typografia Pizzolato, 558


Uganda c., 353, 377

Ugandæ, C., 146
Ceylon, 236
Java, 216

Ungandae × Congensis, hyb., 146

Ukers, William H., 527

Ulman, Lewis & Co., 485

Umber, q., 182

Union Bag & Paper Corp., 472

Union Coffee Co., 477

Union Pacific Tea Co., 482, 501

Universal history of plants, Ray, 42, 543

University of Kansas, 714

University of Pittsburgh, 714

Unloading, 317–327
New Orleans, 323–325
New York, 317–323
San Francisco, 325–327

Unloading machinery, 325, 327

Uno Co., Ltd., 647

Untermeyer, Louis, q., 553

Urioste & Co., 488

Urruella & Urioste, 487

Urwin, William, chk., 84, 574

U.S. Dispensatory, q., 164, 184

Uses for c., New, 457

Utter, J.W., 503

Utter, Adams & Ellen, 503


Vacuum-packed c., 410
(see also Containers)

Vacuum-packing, Effect of, 168

Valentijn, q., 2

Valorization (Brazil), 473, 530–534
N.C.R.A., 511
Norris, Senator, 532, 533
São Paulo, 295, 472, 534
Surtax, 315
Sielcken, H., 521, 531–534
U.S. gov't action, 534

Van Cortlandt museum, 122

Van Dam, Anthony, 475

Van dan Broeck, Pieter, 43

Van den Bosch, Gov., 214

Van Dessel, Rodo & Co., 340

Van Essen, 43

Van Etten, E., 538

Van Gulpen, Alexius, 246, 638

Van Gulpen & Co., 638

Van Gulpen, Lensing & von Gimborn, 638

Van Linschooten, Hans Hugo (John Huygen), q., ill., 35

Van Loan, Thomas, 497, 498

Van Loan & Co., 498

Van Loan, Maguire & Gaffney, 497, 498, 499

Van Loo, 588

Van Ommen, Adrian, 6, 43

Van Ostade, Adriaen, 44, 587

Van Outshoorn, 6

Van Vliet, C.W., pat., 634

Van Zandt & Co., M.N., 508

Vancouver, 239

Vanderhoef, George W., 479

Vanderhoef & Co., George W., 479

Vanderweyde, P.H., pat., 637

Vane, Gov., 109

Vanessa (see Vanhomrigh)

[Pg 795]Vanhomrigh, Esther, 562

Vaniére, 543

Vankorn, Guggenheimer & Co., 501

Vardy, James, pat., 627, 699

Variegata, C., hyb., 140

Varnar, 43

Vassieux, Madame, pat., 627, 700

Vatel, Charles, q., 566

Vaughn, V.C., q., 176, 177

Vauxhall garden, ill., 81, 82, 83

Velloni, chk., 103

Venard, G., 505

Venetian Republic, The, Hazlitt, q., 28

Venezuelas (c.), 348, 364, 365

Verborg, Henry, 503

Verdier & Closset, 507

Verlaine, Paul, 94

Verri, Alexander, 558

Verri, Pietro, 30, 558

Vertu and use of c., Bradley, q., 293

Vesling (Veslingius), q., 12, 26

Vickers. T.L., 498

Victoria Arduino-Societa Anonima, 651

Victorias (c.), 341, 343, 367

Vie privée d'autrefois, La, Franklin, q., 6

Viehoever, A., 160;
q., 144, 145

Vienna
Besieged by Turks (1693), 49
Coffee-makers' guild, 50

Vienna, Relation of the siege of, Vulcaren, q., 50

Villon, François, q., 135

Vilain, 594

Vincent c.-pot, 604

Vintschgau, 186

Virey, q., 20

Virgil, 543

Visconti, 558

Vitamins, 180

Vitamines, The, Funk, q., 180

Viviani, Count, ill., 578

Voit, Carl V., q., 177, 179

Volkman, George, 506

Voltaire, 94, 98, 178, 556, 557;
q., 554, 565

Voyage de l' Arabie Heureuse, La Roque, 543;
q. 15, 31, 32, 34, 197

Voyage into the Levant, A, Blount, q., 38

Vulcaren, John P.A., q., 50

Vyal, John, chk., 109

Wagama, v., 316

Wagner & Co., H.M., 485

Wagon-route distributers
United States, 415, 416, 417
France, 681

Wagstaff, David, 476

Wahibis, 542

Waite, pat., 625

Waite, Creighton & Morrison, 477

Wakeful monastery, 14

Wakeman, Abram, 473, 478

Walbridge, Augustus, 480

Walbridge Inc., Augustus M., 480

Wales, Henry, 508

Walker, John, pat., 245, 246

Walker, Joshua, 478

Walker Sons & Co. Ltd., 246, 247

Wall, Dr., 579

Wallace, Alexander, 475

Wallace, Alfred Russel, q., 200

Wallace, C.L.H. (Mrs.), q., 181

Wallace, Hugh, 475

Wallace, John William, q., 126

Wallace, William, q., 657

Walle, Friedrich, 591

Wallen, Geo. S., 482

Wallen & Co., Geo S., 482

Walpole, Sir Edward, 583

Walpole, Horace, 578, 580, 584

Walsh, Rev. Robert, q., 557, 663–664

Walton, William, 475

Wanni Rukula, C., 144

Ward, Ned, q., 77, 84, 575

Wardell, q., 185

Ware (architect), 583, 584

Warfield, John D., 502

Warfield. W.S., 502

Warne, E., 508

Warner, Alonzo A., pat., 648, 649

Warner, C.M., 538

Warner, Ezra J., 502

Warnier, q., 164, 169, 719

Warren, 110

Warren & Bedwell, 506

Warren & Co., 482

Warton, Joseph, 573

Warwick, Lady, 575, 576

Wascana, v., 316

Wash-brew, 58

Washed vs. Unwashed, 250, 251

Washing machinery, 247

Washington, G., pat., 471, 538

Washington, George (Gen.), 120, 130, 468
Official welcome, New York, ill., 593

Washington, Martha, 130

Washington Refining Co., George, 538

Washington and Jefferson college, 521

Washington's Prepared C., G., 538

Wastell, 603

Water extract, 168, 169

Water power, Nicaragua, 264

Waterbury & Force, 482

Water-supply requirements, 198

Watering, Excessive, 513

Watjen, Toel & Co., 482

Watson, q., 126

Waygood, Tupholme Co., 641

Wear F.F., pat., 651

Webb, James R., 501

Webb, Rudolphus L., pat., 644

Webb, Thomas J., 502, 511

Webb & Son, James R., 501

Webb, Cheek & Co., 509

Webb, Hughes & Co., 509

Webb-Puhl Co., 443

Webber, q., 186

Webster, q., 704

Webster, Daniel, 110

Webster, George, 124

Wedding Breakfast (brand), 441

Wedgwood, 607, 612

Wedmeyer, q., 187

Weighing machinery, 403, 471

Weighmasters (N.Y. Exch.), 333

Weikel & Smith, 501

Weikel & Smith Spice Co., 470, 501, 635

Weir, J.B., 499

Weir, Ross W., 466, 448, 499, 511, 513, 514;
q., 424

Weir & Co., Ross W., 495, 499

Weir, Inc., Ross W., 495, 499

Weissman, John, 488

Weisweiller, q., 163

Weitzmann, pat., 158

Welch, Amos S., 492

Welch & Co., 488

Wellman, C.P., q., 410

Wells, D. Henderson, 482

Wells, John, 482

Wells Bros., 482, 485

Welsh, Ebenezer, 495

Wendroth, Clara, 519

Wessels & Bros., C., 482

Wessels, Kulenkampff & Co., 482

West Indies (c.), 350, 351, 361, 362, 363

West & Melchers, 485

Westcott, q., 126

Westen T. & S. Co., Edw., 485

Westfal, J.R., 496

Westfeldt Bros., 485, 486

Weston & Gray, 482

Westphal, pat., 167

Wet method, 136, 249, 252, 254

Wet roast, 389, 391

Wetherill, Charles M., q., 711, 712

Weyl & Co., G., 482

Weyl & Norton, 482

Wheeler & Co., Ezra, 478, 479

Whieldon, 607, 612

White coffee, 674

White, A.E., pat., 651

White, Francis, chk., 87

White, Herman M., pat., 625

White, Peregrine, 616

White House (brand), 441, 465

White Rose (brand), 441

Whitefoord, Caleb, 573

Whiting & Taylor, 502

Whiting, Goeble & Co., 502

Whitmarsh, Theodore F., 535

Wholesale Grocers Corp., 502

Wholesaling roasted c., 407–413
Capital invested, U.S., 415
Sales, annual, U.S., 415

Wholesome advice against the abuse of hot liquors, Duncan, q., 59

Wickersham, Att'ney Gen., 593

Widlar, Francis, 507

Widlar & Co., F., 507

Widlar Co., 507

Wiji Kawih, 11

Wilcox, O.W., q., 147

Wild (see Flavors)

Wild c. (Abyssinia), 284

Wild, James, 469, 492

Wilde, Herbert W., 492

Wilde, John, 492

Wilde, Joseph, 492

Wilde, Samuel, 482;
biog., 492

Wilde, Jr., Samuel, 492

Wilde & Sons, Samuel, 492

Wilde's Sons, Samuel, 494, 499

Wilde's Sons Co., Samuel, 492

Wiley, Harvey W., q., 175, 176, 180, 182, 396

Wilhelm, R.C., q., 387, 393

Wilke, 579

Wilkie, 583

Willcox, O.W., q., 161, 388

Wille, Theodor, 532, 534

William III, 601

Williams, Frank, 477, 498

Williams & Co., R.C., 494

Williams & Potter, 494

Williams & Taft, 507

Williams, Chapin & Russell, 478

Williams, Dimmond & Co., 488

Williams, Russell & Co., 477, 478, 535

Williamson, C.G., q., 62

Williamson, Peregrine, pat., 468, 624

Williamson, S.H., 498

Willis, Thomas, q., 58

Wills & Co., Alexander, 508

Willson, Wm. B., 485

Wilson, Increase, pat., 623

Wilson, Woodrow, 534, 535

Wilson & Bowers, 480

Wilson & Co., J.W., 480

Wimmer, pat., 162, 473

Windbreaks, 201

Window-displays, 425

Window-trimming contest, 455

Wine
C. classed as, 1, 17, 20
C. a substitute for, 15, 42
Made from fruit, 15
Made from hulls and pulp, 693

Wing Bros. & Hart, 498

Winter, H., pat., 158, 167

Winter & Smilie, 482

Winthrop, Gov., 109

Winton, Andrew L., q., 150

Wise, Capt., 128

Withington, Elijah, biog., 492

Withington & Pine, 492

Withington & Wilde, 492

Withington, Francis & Welch, 492

Withington, Wilde & Welch., 494

Witsen, Nicolaas, 6, 43

Wittenagemott, 582

Wogan, Sir Charles, 575

Wolf & Seligsberg, 478

Wolff. L., 485

Wolseley, Viscountess, 604

Women as coffee sellers, 56

Women's petition against c., The, pamph., ill., 70, 71

Wood, Jr., H.C., q., 176, 185

Wood, Jarvis A., q., 431

Woods, Rufus, 485

Wood, Thomas R., pat., 634

Wood & Co., Thomas, 501

Woodward (actor), 579, 580

Woolson, A.M., 506, 523

Woolson Spice Co., 503, 506, 521, 523

World War effects
Arabia, 268
Consumption, 289
Guatemala, 219
Mexico, 222
United States trade, 534–538
[Pg 796]Imports, 286
San Francisco, 325
World trade, 190–195, 294, 296

World's Commercial Products, The, Freeman, q., 133

World's Work, per., q., 531, 532

Worth, J.G., 499

Wright, q., 167

Wright, George C., 501

Wright, George S., 448, 501, 629

Wright, John S., 482, 491

Wright, John T., 488

Wright, Warren M., 501

Wright Hard & Co., 482

Wrightsville Hardware Co., 644

Wroth, Warwick, q., 82, 83

Wurffbain, 43

Württemberg, Duke of, 47

Wyatt, Charles, pat., 621, 699

Wycherly, 575

Wyld, F. Lehnhoff, 538


XXXX (brand), 44


Yaffey c., 351, 368

Yarrow, Mrs., chk., 555

Yates & Dudley, 508

Yellow fever, effect of c. on, 182

Yemeni c., 351, 368

Yorke, Duke of, 554

Young, Arthur, q., 100

Young, D.K., 482

Young, Samuel, 507

Young, Mahood & Co., 507

Young-Mahood Co., 507

Youngs & Amman, 477

Yuban (brand), 441, 462, 524

Yuban advertising, 462–465

Yuengling, D.G., 508

Yungas c., 350, 367


Zamore, 590

Zamzam, 18

Zanzibar c., 353, 377

Zarf (cup-stand), 661

Zecchini, G.B., 549

Zenetz, q., 185

Ziegler Arctic expedition, 538

Zilmore & Co., A.G., 508

Zinmeister Sr., Frank, 505

Zinsmeister, Jacob, 505

Zinsmeister, L.G., q., 389

Zinmeister & Son, Frank, 505

Zinmeister & Sons, J., 505

Zola, Emile, 103, 565

Zoller & Little, 508

Zwaardecroon, Henrious, 6

Zwick, Charles, 505


Coffee Pot


FOOTNOTES:

[1] First written about tea; improperly claimed to have been written of coffee.

[2] First written about tea; improperly claimed to have been written of coffee.

[3] Jardin, Édelestan. Le Caféier et le Café. Paris, 1895 (p. 55).

[4] Dufour, Philippe Sylvestre. Traités Nouveaux et Curieux du Café, du Thé, et du Chocolat. Lyons, 1684.

[5] Coffee covered with the skin is called boun, and the coffee-tree, boun-tree (sejar et boun).

[6] These four dialects are spoken in Hindustan.

[7] Notice must be taken of the similarity in the names of coffee in Hindustan and Abyssinia, and of the name of the coffee-tree as given by ancient authors.

[8] These four dialects are spoken in Hindustan.

[9] These four dialects are spoken in Hindustan.

[10] These four dialects are spoken in Hindustan.

[11] See note 3 above.

[12] Legal and Houri mean tree.

[13] Legal and Houri mean tree.

[14] North-American Indian.

[15] La Roque, Jean. Voyage de l'Arabie Heureuse. Paris, 1716.

[16] Jardin, Édelestan. Le Caféier et le Café. Paris, 1895. (p. 102).

[17] Année Littéraire. Paris, 1774 (vol. vi: p. 217).

[18] Franklin, Alfred. La Vie Privée d'Autrefois. Paris, 1893.

[19] Michaud, I.F. and L.G. Biographie Universelle. Paris.

[20] Daney, Sidney. Histoire de la Martinique. Fort Royal, 1846.

[21] Inauguration du Jardin Desclicux. Fort de France, 1918.

[22] Dufour, Philippe Sylvestre. Traités Nouveaux et Curieux du Café, du Thé, et du Chocolat. Lyons, 1684. (Title page has Traitez; elsewhere, Traités.)

[23] Robinson, Edward Forbes. The Early History of Coffee Houses in England. London, 1893.

[24] Encyclopedia Britannica. 1910. (vol. xv: p. 291.)

[25] Galland, Antoine. Lettre sur l'Origine et le Progres du Café. Paris, 1699.

[26] The Abd-al-Kâdir manuscript is described and illustrated in chapter XXXII.

[27] Rauwolf, Leonhard. Aigentliche beschreibung der Raisis so er vor diser zeit gegen auffgang inn die morgenlaender volbracht. Lauwingen, 1582–83.

[28] Della Valle, Pierre (Pietro). De Constantinople à Bombay, Lettres. 1615. (vol. i: p. 90.)

[29] "She mingled with the wine the wondrous juice of a plant which banishes sadness and wrath from the heart and brings with it forgetfulness of every woe."

[30] Scheuzer, J.J. Physique Sacrée, ou Histoire Naturelle de la Bible. Amsterdam, 1732, 1737.

[31] Jardin, Édelestan. Le Caféier et le Café. Paris, 1895.

[32] La Roque, Jean. Voyage dans l'Arabie Heureuse, de 1708 à 1713, et Traité Historique du Café. Paris, 1715. (pp. 247, 251.)

[33] Adjam, by many writers wrongly rendered Persia.

[34] Scheuzer, J.J. Physique Sacrée, ou Histoire Naturelle de la Bible. Amsterdam, 1732, 1737.

[35] Harper's Weekly. New York, 1911. (Jan. 21.)

[36] Nairon, Antoine Faustus. De Saluberrimá Cahue seu Café nuncupata Discursus. Rome, 1671.

[37] de Sacy, Baron Antoine Isaac Silvestre. Chresto-nathie Arabe. Paris, 1806. (vol. ii: p. 224.)

[38] Olearius, Adam. An Account of His Journeys. London, 1669.

[39] Niebuhr, Karstens. Description of Arabia. Amsterdam, 1774. (Heron trans., London, 1792: p. 266.)

[40] A Collection of Voyages and Travels. London, 1745. (vol. iv: p. 690.)

[41] Molmenti, Pompeo. La Storia di Venezia nella Vita Privata. Bergamo, 1908. (pt. 3: p. 245.)

[42] Goldoni, Carlo. La Bottega di Caffè. 1750.

[43] Hazlitt, W. Carew. The Venetian Republic. London, 1905, (vol. 2: pp. 1012–15.)

[44] Jardin, Édelestan. Le Caféier et le Café. Paris, 1895. (p. 16.)

[45] "Drop by drop they take it in," said Cotovicus.

[46] Misprinted thus in the original Dutch and here. Read Chaoua, i.e., Arabic qahwah.

[47] Laurel berry, of which the taste is bitter and disagreeable. From Latin bacca lauri.

[48] Arabic, bunn; coffee berries.

[49] Brandewijn in original Dutch.

[50] Mead.

[51] Purchas His Pilgrimes. London, 1625.

[52] Sandys, Sir George. Sandys' Travels. London, 1673. (p. 66.)

[53] Bacon, Francis. Sylva Sylvarum. London, 1627. (vol. v: p. 26.)

[54] Burton, Robert. The Anatomy of Melancholy. Oxford, 1632. (pt. 2: sec. 5: p. 397.) This reference does not appear in the earlier editions of 1621, 24, 28.

[55] Herbert, Sir T. Travels. London, ed. 1638. (p. 241.)

[56] Blount, Sir Henry. A Voyage Into the Levant. London. 1671. (pp. 20, 21, 54, 55, 138, 139.)

[57] Gilbert, Gustav. The Constitutional Antiquities of Sparta and Athens. London, 1895. (p. 69.)

[58] Aubrey, John. Lives of Eminent Men. London, 1813. (vol. ii: pt. 2: pp. 384–85.)

[59] Works. (vol. iv: p. 389.)

[60] à Wood, Anthony. Athenae Oxonienses. London, 1692. (vol. ii: col. 658.)

[61] Parkinson, John. Theatrum Botanicum. London, 1640. (p. 1622.)

[62] D'Israeli, I. Curiosities of Literature. London, 1798. (vol. i: p. 345.)

[63] A weight of from 133 to 140 pounds.

[64] See chapter XXXII.

[65] Vulcaren,. John Peter A. Relation of the Siege of Vienna. 1684.

[66] Bermann, M. Alt und Neu Wien. Vienna, 1880. (p. 964.)

[67] Manuscript in the Bodleian Library.

[68] See also chapter XXVIII.

[69] The Romance of Trade. London. (chap. ii; p. 31.)

[70] Pasqua Rosée's sign. Kitt's (or Bowman's) sign was a coffee pot.

[71] Hatton, Edward. New View of London. London, 1708. (vol. i: p. 30.)

[72] The prosecution came under the heading, "Disorders and Annoys."

[73] Rumsey (or Ramsey), W. Organon Salutis. London, 1657.

[74] Also given as Sir James Muddiford, Murford, Mudford, Moundeford, and Modyford.

[75] The Dutch admiral who, in June, 1667, dashed into the Downs with a fleet of eighty "sail", and many "fire-ships", blocked up the mouths of the Medway and Thames, destroyed the fortifications at Sheerness, cut away the paltry defenses of booms and chains drawn across the rivers, and got to Chatham, on the one side, and nearly to Gravesend on the other, the king having spent in debauchery the money voted by Parliament for the proper support of the English navy.

[76] General Monk and Prince Rupert were at this time commanders of the English fleet.

[77] Lillie (Lilly) was the celebrated astrologer of the Protectorate, who earned great fame at that time by predicting, in June, 1645, "if now we fight, a victory stealeth upon us;" a lucky guess, signally verified in the King's defeat at Naseby. Lilly thenceforth always saw the stars favourable to the Puritans.

[78] This man was originally a fishing-tackle maker in Tower Street during the reign of Charles I; but turning enthusiast, he went about prognosticating "the downfall of the King and Popery;" and as he and his predictions were all on the popular side, he became a great man with the superstitious "godly brethren" of that day.

[79] Turnball, or Turnbull-street, as it is still called, had been for a century previous of infamous repute. In Beaumont and Fletcher's play, the Knight of the Burning Pestle, one of the ladies who is undergoing penance at the barber's, has her character sufficiently pointed out to the audience, in her declaration, that she had been "stolen from her friends in Turnball-street."

[80] Anderson. Adam. Historical and Chronological Deduction of the Origin of Commerce. London. 1787.

[81] See chapter III.

[82] More fully described in chapter XXXII.

[83] See chapter XXXII.

[84] Wroth, Warwick. The London Pleasure Gardens of the 18th Century. London, 1896.

[85] There were six places, all told, bearing the name "Man's". Alexander Man was coffee maker to William III.

[86] Salvandy, Narcisse-Achille. Influence des Cafés sur les Moeurs Politiques.

[87] Singleton, Esther. Dutch New York. New York, 1909. (p. 132.)

[88] Bishop, J. Leander. A History of American Manufactures, 1608 to 1860. New York, 1864. (Vol. 1; p. 259.)

[89] Patterson, Robert W. Early Society in Southern Illinois. Chicago, 1881.

[90] Andreas, A.T. History of Chicago. Chicago, 1884.

[91] Singleton, Esther. Dutch New York. 1909. (p. 133.)

[92] Bishop, J. Leander. A History of American Manufactures, 1608 to 1860. New York.

[93] Oberholtzer, Ellis Paxson. Philadelphia: a history of the city and its people. Philadelphia, 1912. (vol. 1: p. 106.)

[94] Freeman, W.G. The World's Commercial Products. Boston, (p. 176.)

[95] Tea and Coffee Trade Jour., 1918. (vol. xxxv: no. 4.)

[96] Dr. Cramer considers C. Maragogipe "the finest coffee known; it has a highly developed, splendid flavor."

[97] Journal of the Association of Official Agricultural Chemists, Nov. 15, 1921. (vol. v: no. 2: pp. 274–288.)

[98] The Tea and Coffee Trade Jour., 1912. (vol. xxiii: no. 3.)

[99] Die Menschlichen Genussmittel, 1911. (p. 300.)

[100] See chapter XVI.

[101] These and all other numbered drawings in this chapter are from Andrew L. Winton's The Microscopy of Vegetable Foods, copyright 1916, and reprinted by permission.

[102] Jour. Am. Chem. Soc., 1919 (vol. xli: p. 1306).

[103] Anstead, R.D. Annals on Applied Biology, 1915 (vol. i: pp. 299–302).

[104] Huntington, L.M. Tea and Coffee Trade Jour., 1917 (vol. xxxiii: p. 228).

[105] Gorter, Ann. (vol. ccclxxii: pp. 237–46).

Schulte, A. Z. Nahr. Genussm. (vol. xxvii: pp. 200–25).

Loew, Oscar. Ann. Rep. P.R. Agr. Expt. Sta., 1907 (pp. 41–55).

[106] Sencial. El Hacendado Mex. (vol. ix: p. 191).

[107] Pique, R. Bull. Assoc. Chim. sucr. dist. (vol. xxiv: pp. 1210–13).

[108] Pharm. Jour., 1886 (vol. xvii: p. 656).

[109] U.S. Pat., 113,832, April 18, 1871.

[110] U.S. Pat., 660,602, Oct. 30, 1900.

[111] French Pat., 379,036, Aug. 28, 1906.

[112] French Pat., 359,451, Nov. 15, 1905.

[113] British Pat., 26,905, Dec. 9, 1904.

[114] U.S. Pat., 843,530, Feb. 5, 1907.

[115] U.S. Pat., 1,313,209, Aug. 12, 1919.

[116] U.S. Pat., 134,792, Jan. 14, 1873.

[117] British Pat., 7,427, Mar. 24, 1910.

[118] U.S. Pat., 997,431, July 11, 1911.

[119] British Pat., 23,087, Oct. 9, 1912.

French Pat., 449,343, Oct. 12, 1912.

[120] British Pat., 21,397, Sept. 26, 1907.

French Pat., 382,238, Sept. 26, 1907.

U.S. Pat., 982,902, Jan. 31, 1911.

[121] Pharm. Zentralhalle, 1915 (vol. lvi: pp. 343–48).

[122] Münch. Med. Wochschr., (vol. lviii: pp. 1868–72).

[123] Commercial Organic Analysis.

[124] Ann. Chem. Pharm. 1867 (vol. cxlii: p. 230).

[125] Inaugural Diss., Munich. 1903.

[126] Comptes Rendus, 1897 (vol. cxxiv: p. 1458).

[127] Dict. App. Chem., 1913 (vol. v: p. 393).

[128] U.S. Dept. Agr. Bur. Chem. Bull. 105, 1907. (p. 42).

[129] Ann. (vol. cccviii: pp. 327–348).

Ibid. (vol. ccclxxii: pp. 237, 246).

Arch. Pharm. (vol. ccxlvii: pp. 184–196).

[130] Jour. Soc. Chem., Ind., 1910 (vol. xxix: p. 138).

[131] Z. Nahr. Genussm. (vol. xxi: p. 295).

[132] Paladino, Gazetta, 1895 (vol. xxv: no. 1: p. 104).

Forster & Riechelmann, Zeitsch. öffent. Chem., 1897 (vol. iii: p. 129).

Polstorff, K. Wallach-Festschrift, 1909 (pp. 569–83).

[133] Private communication.

[134] U.S. Pat., 716,878, Dec. 30, 1902.

[135] Tea & Coffee Trade Jour., 1920 (vol. xxxviii: pp. 321–22).

[136] Jour. Amer. Chem. Soc., 1907 (vol. xxix: p. 1091).

[137] Ber., 1895 (vol. xxviii: p. 3137); 1899 (vol. xxxii: p. 435); 1900 (vol. xxxiii: p. 3035).

[138] Willcox & Rentschler. Tea & Coffee Trade Jour., 1910 (vol. xix: p. 440).

[139] Fricke, E. Zeits. f. angew. Chemie., 1889 (pp. 121–122).

[140] Willcox & Rentschler. Tea & Coffee Trade Jour., 1911 (vol. xx: p. 355).

[141] U.S. Pat., 897,840, Sept. 1, 1908.

[142] British Pat., 144,988, March 19, 1920.

[143] French Pat., 412,550, Feb. 12, 1910.

[144] U.S. Pat., 947,577, Jan. 25, 1910.

[145] Jour. Chem. Soc., 1857 (vol. ix: p. 34).

[146] Wien. Akad. Ber. (2 Abth.) (vol. lxxxi: pp. 1032–1043).

Monatsh, f. Chem., 1880 (vol. i: p. 456).

[147] Zeits. f. Untersuch. d. Nahr. u. Genussm., 1898 (vol. vii: pp. 457–472)

[148] Ber., 1901 (vol. xxxv: pp. 1846–1854).

[149] Compt. rend. (vol. clvii: pp. 212–13).

[150] Bull. Pharm., 1916 (vol. xxx: pp. 276–78).

[151] Dict. App. Chem., 1913 (vol. ii: p. 99).

[152] U.S. Dispensatory, 19th Ed., 1907 (p. 145).

[153] Monatsh. f. Chem. (vol. xxxiii: pp. 1389–1406).

[154] Bull. Pharm., 1916 (vol. xxx: pp. 276–78).

[155] Apoth. Ztg. (vol. xxii: pp. 919–20).

Pharm. Weekbl., 1907 (vol. xxxvii).

[156] Monatsh. f. Chem. (vol. xxxi: p. 1227).

[157] Jour. Landw., 1904 (vol. lii: p. 93).

[158] Amer. Chem. Jour., 1892 (vol. xiv: p. 473).

[159] Analyst, 1902 (vol. xxvi: p. 116).

[160] 58 Mon. Sci. (vol. iii: no. 6: p. 779).

[161] J.P.C., 1867 (p. 307).

[162] Trans. Kansas Acad. Sci., 1918 (vol. xxviii: pp. 136–141).

[163] Feitler, S.: Eng. Pat., 19,845, Aug. 28, 1897.

[164] U.S. Pat., 33,453, Oct. 8, 1861.

U.S. Pat., 75,829, March 24, 1868.

U.S. Pat., 701,750, June 3, 1902.

[165] U.S. Pat., 943,238, Dec. 14, 1909.

[166] U.S. Pat., 703,508, July 1, 1902.

U.S. Pat., 865,203, Sept. 3, 1907.

[167] Winter, H.: U.S. Pat., 997,431, Aug. 28, 1897.

[168] Simon, M., Jr.: Ger. Pat., 253,419, Feb. 19, 1911.

[169] Von Niessen: British Pat., 7,427, Mar. 24, 1910.

[170] Eng. Pat., 5,776, Mar. 19, 1895.

[171] U.S. Pat., 832,322.

[172] Eng. Pat., 8,270, April 24, 1893.

[173] U.S. Pat., 994,785, June 13, 1911.

[174] Am. J. Pharm., 1915 (vol. lxxxvii: pp. 524–26).

[175] Orig. Com. 8th Intern. Cong. Appl. Chem. (Appen.) (vol. xxvi: p. 389)

[176] Tea & Coffee Trade Jour., 1920 (vol. xxxix: pp. 318–19).

[177] King, J.E.: U.S. Pat. 1,263,434.

[178] Tea & Coffee Trade Jour., 1917 (vol. xxxiii: pp. 552–55).

[179] Loc. cit. (see 175).

[180] Tea & Coffee Trade Jour., 1911 (vol. xx: p. 34).

[181] Pharm. Weekbl. voor Nederl., 1899 (no. 13).

Apoth. Ztg., 1899 (p. 14).

[182] Jour. Assoc. Off. Agri. Chem., 1920 (vol. iii: p. 501).

[183] Blyth, Wynter. Foods, 1909 (p. 359).

[184] Petermann. Bied. Zentr., 1899 (vol. ii: p. 211).

[185] Association of Official Agricultural Chemists. Sept., 1920.

[186] Association of Official Agricultural Chemists, Sept., 1920.

[187] U.S. Dept. Agri., Div. of Chem. Bull. 13 (pt. 7: p. 908).

[188] Niles. G.M. Tea & Coffee Trade Jour., 1910 (vol. xix: no. 1: p. 27).

[189] Through The Sun, New York, July 17, 1910.

[190] Annales Politiques et Littéraires, through Tea & Coffee Trade Jour., 1906 (vol. x: p. 303).

[191] Jour. Am. Med. Assoc., 1891 (vol. xvi).

[192] The Times, London, Oct. 1, 1904; through Tea & Coffee Trade Jour., 1911 (vol. xxi: p. 36).

[193] Good Housekeeping, through Tea & Coffee Trade Jour., 1912 (vol. xxiii: p. 237).

[194] Tea & Coffee Trade Jour., 1913 (vol. xxiv: p. 455).

[195] Tea & Coffee Trade Jour., 1912 (vol. xxiii: p. 356).

[196] Good Housekeeping, through Tea & Coffee Trade Jour., 1915 (vol. xxviii: p. 533).

[197] Good Housekeeping, through Tea & Coffee Trade Jour., 1915 (vol. xxviii: p. 533).

[198] Atti. accad. Lincei, 1915 (vol. xxiv: no. 2: pp. 543–48).

[199] Nalpasse, Dr. Valentin, loc. cit. (see 190).

Flint, Dr. Austin B. Text Book of Physiology.

Wood, H.C., Jr. Therapeutic Gazette, 1912 (vol. xxxvi: p. 13).

[200] Compt. rend. (vol. cxlviii: p. 1541).

[201] Tea & Coffee Trade Jour., 1914 (vol. xxvi: p. 539).

[202] Arch. exp. Path. Pharm., 1907 (vol. lvii: p. 214).

[203] Universal Dictionary, 1897 (vol. i: p. 1097).

[204] Handbuch der Physiologie, 1881 (vol. vi: p. 435).

[205] The Coffee Club, 1921 (vol. i: p. 4).

[206] Saturday Evening Post, through Tea & Coffee Trade Jour., 1914 (vol. xxvii: p. 586).

[207] Loc. cit. (see 192).

[208] Seven Truths to Teach the Young in Regard to Life and Sex, No. 2.

[209] Loc. cit. (see 190).

[210] Ladies' Home Journal, Dec., 1916 (p. 37).

[211] Loc. cit. (see 194).

[212] Psych. Clin. (vol. vi: pp. 56–58).

[213] Tea & Coffee Trade Jour., June, 1905 (p. 274).

[214] Ladies' Home Journal, Dec., 1916 (p. 37).

[215] The Prolongation of Life.

[216] Hekteon and LeConte.

[217] Through Tea & Coffee Trade Jour., 1914 (vol. xxvi: pp. 29–32).

[218] Old Age Deferred, 1910.

[219] Loc. cit. (see 190).

[220] Practical Dietetics, 1917 (p. 254).

[221] Zentr. Biochem Biophys., 1912 (vol. xiii: p. 504).

[222] Jour. Anat. & Physi., through Tea & Coffee Trade Jour., 1913 (vol. xxv: p. 345).

[223] Lancet, Dec. 2, 1911.

[224] Pharmacology, 1913 (p. 258).

[225] Butler, Materia Medica, Therapeutics and Pharmacology, 1906 (p. 256).

[226] Togami, K. Biochem. Zeit., 1908 (vol. ix: p. 453).

[227] Münch. Med. Wochenschr. (vol. lx: pp. 281–85, 357–61).

Naturwiss. Umschau. d. Chem., Ztg. 1913 (p. 4).

Schweiz. Wochenschr. (vol. li: pp. 490–92).

[228] Loc. cit. (see 197).

[229] Through Tea & Coffee Trade Jour., 1916 (vol. xxx: p. 443).

[230] Tea & Coffee Trade Jour., 1909 (vol. xvi: p. 271).

[231] Frankel, F.H. Tea & Coffee Trade Jour., 1910 (vol. xxxi: p. 446).

[232] Food Values, 1914 (p. 54).

[233] Policlin., 1920 (no. 27: p. 1011).

[234] Funk, C. The Vitamines, 1922 (p. 270).

[235] Potter. Materia Medica, Pharmacy and Therapeutics, 10th ed., 1906 (p. 187).

Culbreth. Materia Medica and Pharmacology, 2nd ed. (p. 520).

[236] Nineteenth ed. (p. 254).

[237] Loc. cit. (see 220).

[238] Keable, B.B. Coffee (p. 97).

[239] Wallace, Mrs. C.L.H. "Cholera: Its Cause and Cure." The Herald of Health, through Tea & Coffee Trade Jour., 1908 (vol. xiv: p. 22).

[240] "S. Culapius", Tea & Coffee Trade Jour., 1913 (vol. xxv: p. 239).

[241] Tea & Coffee Trade Jour., 1913 (vol. xxv: p. 458).

[242] Thurber, F.B. Coffee from Plantation to Cup (p. 182).

[243] Health and Longevity Through Rational Diet.

[244] Keable, B.B. Coffee (p. 98).

[245] Bulson, A.E.J. Am. Jour. Opthal., 1905 (vol. xxii: pp 55–64)

Handbook of Medical Science (vol. iii: p. 190).

[246] Keable, B.B. Coffee (p. 98).

[247] A Manual of Pharmacology (pp. 137, 215).

[248] Hawk, Philip B. Loc. cit. (see 196).

[249] Good Housekeeping, Oct., 1917 (p. 144).

[250] Med. News, 1886 (p. 52).

[251] Med. News, 1890 (p. 56).

[252] Centr. In. Med., 1900 (p. 21).

[253] Loc. cit. (see 220).

[254] Arch. Exper. Path. Pharm., 1902 (bd. 48).

[255] Bull. gen. therap. (vol. clxvi: p. 379).

Zentr. Biochem. Biophys. (vol. xvi: p. 79).

[256] Bull. Pharm., 1916 (vol. xxx: pp. 276–78).

[257] 1907 (p. 176).

[258] U.S. Dispensatory, 19th ed. (p. 253).

[259] Hall. I.W. The Purin Bodies of Food Stuffs, 1904 (p. 98).

[260] Terapia moderna, Dec., 1891.

[261] Arch. intern. physiol. (vol. xiii: pp. 107–14).

[262] J. Pharmachol. (vol. iii: p. 609).

[263] J. Pharmachol. (vol. iii: p. 468).

[264] J. Pharmachol. (vol. iii: p. 455).

[265] Wien. Deut. med. Wochenschr. (vol. xxxviii: pp. 1774–76).

[266] Comp. rend. soc. biol. (vol. lxxiv: p. 32).

[267] D.A. Apoth.-Ztg., 1911–12 (vol. xxxii: p. 4).

[268] Med. Record, N.Y., 1916 (vol. xxx: p. 68).

[269] Therap. Gazette. 1912 (vol. xxxvi: pp. 6–13).

[270] Deut. Arch. Klin. Med., 1920 (vol. cxxxiv: pp. 174–84).

[271] Z. physiol. Chem. (vol. lxxvii: p. 259).

[272] Bull. Bur. of Chem. (no. 157).

[273] Pharm. J., Mar. 31, 1900, through Brit. Med. J., Epit., 1900 (vol. i: p. 35).

[274] Arch. f. exper. Path. u. Pharmakol., 1895 (vol. xxxv: p. 449).

[275] Ibid., 1895 (vol. xxxvi: p. 45). Ibid., 1896 (vol. xxxvii: p. 385).

[276] Arch. de physiol. norm. et path., 1868 (vol. i: p. 179).

[277] Inaug. Diss., Königsberg, 1882.

[278] Arch. f. exper. Path. u. Pharmakol., 1898 (vol. xli: p. 375).

[279] Jour. Am. Med. Assoc., 1917 (vol. lxviii: pp. 1805–07).

[280] Berliner Klin. Wochenschrift, 1889 (no. 40).

[281] Encyc. der Therapie, 1896 (vol. i).

[282] Pester, Med.-Chir. Presse, 1885 (no. 39). Orvosi Hetilap, 1885 (nos. 32–33).

[283] Zeitschrift f. Klin. Med., 1893 (vol. xxiii).

[284] Mitt. aus der Würzburger Med. Klinik, 1885 (vol. 1).

[285] New York Herald, Mar. 24. 1912.

[286] Tea & Coffee Trade Jour., 1914 (vol. xxvi: pp. 537–41).

[287] The Influence of Alcohol and Other Drugs on Fatigue.

[288] "The Influence of Caffeine on Mental and Motor Efficiency." Archives of Psychology, 1912 (no. 22).

[289] Revista sper. di. Freniatria (vol. xviii: p. 1).

[290] Archiv. ital. de Biol., 1893 (vol. xix: p. 241).

[291] Inaug. Diss., Marburg, 1894.

[292] Revista sper. di Freniatria, 1894 (vol. xx: p. 458).

[293] Centralbl. f. Physiol., 1896 (vol. x: p. 126).

[294] Psychol. Arbeit., 1896 (vol. i: p. 378).

[295] Jour. Med. de Bruxelles, 1897.

[296] Molcschott's Untersuchungen, 1899 (vol. xvi: p. 170).

[297] Archiv. f. Anat. u. Physiol. (Physiol. Abth.), Suppl. Bd., 1899 (p. 289).

[298] Skand. Arch. f. Physiol., 1904 (vol. xvi: p. 197).

[299] Travaux du Lab. de Physiol. Inst. Solray, 1904 (vol. vi: p. 361).

[300] Psychol. Arbeit., 1901 (vol. iii: p. 617).

[301] C.R. de la Soc. de Biol. Paris, 1901 (pp. 593–627).

[302] Op. Cit. (p. 38). (See 285.)

[303] Pflügers Archiv., 1877 (vol. xvi: p. 316).

[304] Diss., Dorpat., 1887.

[305] Psychol. Arbeit., 1896 (vol. i: p. 431).

[306] Psychol. Arbeit., 1901 (pp. 203–289).

[307] Psychol. Rev., 1911 (vol. xviii: p. 424).

[308] Op. Cit. (see 285).

[309] Ueber die Beeinflüssung einfacher psychischer Vorgünge durch einige Arzeneimittel (p. 224).

[310] Arch, exp. Path. Pharm., 1920 (vol. lxxxv: pp. 339–58).

[311] Op. cit. (p. 50). (See 287.)

[312] Loc. cit. (see 285).

[313] See chapter XXX.

[314] La Roque, Jean, Voyage de l'Arabic Heureuse, Paris, 1715. (p. 280.)

[315] Encyclopedia Britannica, 11 ed., Cambridge, 1910. (vol. i: p. 118.)

[316] La Roque, Jean. Voyage de l'Arabie Heureuse, Paris, 1715 (p. 285).

[317] The 1921 figures for all countries given are preliminary.

[318] Broadbent, Humphrey. The Domestick Coffee Man. London, 1720.

Bradley, Richard. The vertu and use of coffee with regard to the plague and other infectious distempers. London, 1721.

[319] Since changed. There is now a Clearing Association.

[320] Tea and Coffee Trade Jour., 1911 (vol. xx: no. 4: p. 284).

[321] Tea and Coffee Trade Jour., July, 1911 (vol. xxiii: no. 1; p. 28).

[322] Tea and Coffee Trade Jour., Nov., 1910 (vol. xix: no. 5: p. 380).

[323] Tea and Coffee Trade Jour., Nov., 1914 (vol. xxv; no. 5: p. 397).

[324] Stewart, C.H. "The Coffee Status of Venezuela." Tea and Coffee Trade Jour. Jan. 1922 (vol. xlii: no. 1: pp. 29–35.)

[325] Wilhelm, R.C. Tea and Coffee Trade Jour., 1916 (vol. xxxi: no. 5: p. 429).

[326] Willcox. O.W. Tea and Coffee Trade Jour., 1914 (vol. xxvi: no. 2: p. 38).

[327] Zinsmeister, L.G. Tea and Coffee Trade Jour., 1914 (vol. xxvii: no. 6: pp. 558–562).

[328] Tea and Coffee Trade Jour., 1910 (vol. xviii: no. 2: p. 161; and no. 4: p. 319).

[329] Tea and Coffee Trade Jour., 1910 (vol. xvii: no. 8: p. 242).

[330] Tea and Coffee Trade Jour., 1915 (vol. xxviii: pp. 415–416).

[331] "Making Coffee for the Consumer", Tea and Coffee Trade Jour., 1914 (vol. xxvi: pp. 335–338).

[332] "Coffee-Making Questionnaire", Tea and Coffee Trade Jour., 1917 (vol. xxx: no. 1: pp. 31–34).

[333] King, John E., Tea and Coffee Trade Jour., 1917 (vol. xxxiii: no. 6: pp. 552–555).

[334] Ach, F.J., Tea and Coffee Trade Jour., 1912, 1919 (vol. xxiii: no. 4: pp. 133–135; vol. xxxvi: no. 4: pp. 344–345).

[335] Gillies, E.J., Tea and Coffee Trade Jour., 1913 (vol. xxv: pp. 574–576).

[336] Wellman, C.P., Tea and Coffee Trade Jour., 1918 (vol. xxxiv: no. 6: p. 560).

[337] Tea and Coffee Trade Jour., 1922 (vol. xlii: no. 1: pp. 75, 76).

[338] Bureau of Business Research, Harvard University.

[339] Duryee, P.S. Tea and Coffee Trade Jour., 1911 (Vol. xxi: no. 2: pp. 106–110).

[340] Findlay, Paul. Tea and Coffee Trade Jour., 1916 (vol. xxx: no. 1: pp. 72–74).

[341] Atha, F.P. Tea and Coffee Trade Jour., 1919 (vol. xxxvii: no. 1: p. 50).

[342] Weir, Ross W. Tea and Coffee Trade Jour., 1913 (vol. xxv: pp. 566–568).

[343] McCreery, R.W. Tea and Coffee Trade Jour., 1913 (vol. xxv: no. 6: pp. 603–604).

[344] Schaefer, J.H. Tea and Coffee Trade Jour.,1917 (vol. xxxiii: no. 1: p. 72).

[345] Chamberliane, John, translation, London, 1685, from Dufour's Traitez Nouveaux et Curieux du Café, du Thé, et du Chocolat.

[346] The agreement with the São Paulo planters comprehended their furnishing yearly the proceeds of a tax of 100 reis per bag. This actually amounted to $20,000 per month up to January, 1921. During 1921, by reason of a short crop and the advance rate of exchange, the remittances were reduced almost half. In January, 1922, the São Paulo legislature on petition of the Sociedade increased the tax to 200 reis per bag to run for 3 years. In spite of this, the probability is that another short crop and a continued low rate of exchange will keep the Brazil contribution in 1922 down to about $180,000 net. By November, 1921, a total of $671,000 was expended on advertising. Of this, $551,000 was contributed by the planters of São Paulo, and $120,000 by the coffee trade of the United States.

[347] About this time, the country was flooded with paper money, worth about 1 to 75, forcing the price of commodities to unheard-of heights, shoes for instance, being sold at £20 per pair.

[348] Much of the information that follows is from an article by M.E. Goetzinger in the Percolator, February, 1921.

[349] What follows on "Trade Brooms and Panics" is from an article prepared, under the author's direction, by C.K. Trafton, and published in The Tea and Coffee Trade Journal, Nov., 1920 (vol. xxxix: no. 5: p. 563).

[350] Kauhee (or kahvé) is the Turkish for coffee.

[351] Copyright, 1913. Used by special permission of the publishers, the Bobbs-Merrill Co., Indianapolis, Ind.

[352] Copyright, 1916, by Henry Holt & Co., New York. Reprinted by permission.

[353] Chatfield-Taylor, II. C. Goldoni. New York, 1916 (p. 607).

[354] Copyright, 1903, by G.P. Putnam's Sons, New York. Used by courtesy of the author and the publisher.

[355] Copyright, 1893, by Harper Bros., and 1921, by John Kendrick Bangs. Reprinted by permission.

[356] Beverages Past and Present, New York, copyright 1908. By courtesy of G.P. Putnam's, Sons, Publishers.

[357] The Pot and Kettle, Boston, 1920 (vol. iii: no. 2).

[358] See Chapter XXXIII.

[359] See chapter X.

[360] See chapter X.

[361] Proceedings: Second Series, 1899 (vol. xvii: no. 2; p. 390).

[362] A mechanical contrivance that took the place of a boy.

[363] Jardin, Édelestan. Le Caféier et Le Café, Paris, 1895 (p. 290).

[364] In his patent specification, Mr. Carter said on this point: "Small holes should be made through the roaster in sufficient number to allow of the escape of the vapors and volatile matters which escape from the coffee while undergoing the process of being roasted."

[365] Tea and Coffee Trade Jour., 1912 (vol. xxiii: no. 6: p. 592).

[366] Encyclopedia Britannica, 11th Ed. (vol. 11: p. 285).

[367] London; 1888 (vol. 1: pp. 222, 224).

[368] de Sacy. Baron Antoine Isaac Silvestre. Chréstomathie Arabe. Paris, 1806, (vol. 2).

[369] Scribner's Magazine, 1918 (vol. liii: no. 5: p. 620); and Dwight, H.G., Constantinople, Old and New, New York, 1915. Copyright by Charles Scribner's Sons.

[370] Carne, John. Syria, the Holy Land. London, 1836 (p. 69).

[371] New York, 1857 (p. 276).

[372] "The Coffee Cup and the Sugar Bowl." Tea and Coffee Trade Jour., 1921 (vol. xli: no. 6: p. 809).

[373] Frankel, F. Hulton, Ph.D. Tea and Coffee Trade Jour., 1917 (vol. xxxii: p. 142).

[374] See chapter III.

[375] Broadbent, Humphrey. The Domestick Coffee Man, London, 1722.

[376] Dutch New York, 1909 (p. 132).

[377] Earle. Alice Morse. Customs and Fashions in Old New England, 1909.

[378] In 1921, Professor S.C. Prescott, in charge of the research work for the Joint Coffee Trade Publicity Committee at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, said that a brew made with the water considerably below the boiling point, was preferable.

[379] Meaning the pumping percolator.

[380] Tea and Coffee Trade Jour., 1917 (vol. xxxiii: no. 5: pp. 339–40).

[381] Tea and Coffee Trade Jour., 1921 (vol. xli: no. 5: p. 688).

[382] See chapter XVII.

[383] Pharm. Weekbl. voor Nederl., No. 13, 1899. Apoth. Ztg., 1899 (p. 14).

[384] Tea and Coffee Trade Jour., 1917 (vol. xxxiii: pp. 552–55).

[385] Hollingworth, H.L. and Poffenberger, A.T., Jr. The Sense of Taste, 1917 (p. 13).

[386] Not Édelestan as elsewhere in the volume.






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